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Nutrition Culminating Activity

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Vivien Chan

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Nutrition Culminating Activity

What are minerals? some mineral functions include: building strong bones, transmitting nerve impulses, making hormones, and maintaining a normal heartbeat
REMEMBER!!! there are two kinds of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals
Macro- meaning 'large' in Greek
larger amounts of macrominerals are needed when compared to trace minerals
examples of macrominerals are: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and sulphur
examples of trace minerals are: iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride, selenium Minerals are natural elements. Where can minerals be found? Minerals can be found in every day foods such as fruits, vegetables, and meat from animals. Why are minerals important? Minerals are needed by your body, so that you are able to develop, grow, and stay healthy. Vitamins & Minerals Minerals What are vitamins? Vitamins are organic compounds. Vitamins Where can vitamins be found? Vitamins can be found in foods especially fruits and vegetables. Why are vitamins important? Vitamins help to maintain your body, fight off sicknesses and keep you healthy. Functions and Types Functions and Types Calcium (vitamins A, D, K)
• Is the top macromineral when it comes to the building and maintaining of strong bones
• Helps your body to be able to do daily activities
• Having calcium also help with the development of good and strong teeth
• Foods that contain calcium include:
-dairy products; milk, cheese, yogurt Iron
•Helps with the formation of hemoglobin (hee-muh-glo-bun); part of red blood cells that carry oxygen through out the body
•Helps with breathing and transportation of oxygen
•Foods that contain iron include:
-meat, especially red meat; beef Potassium
•keeps muscles and nervous system working properly
•blood and body tissues, such as muscles contain water and potassium helps make sure the amount of water is just right
•Foods that contain potassium include:
-bananas Zinc
•helps immune system; the system that your body uses to fight off illnesses and infections
•helps with cell growth and help heals wounds; cuts
•Foods that contain zinc include:
-beef, pork, lamb REMEMBER!!! There are two types of vitamins: water soluble and fat soluble Water soluble vitamins
are absorbed directly into the blood
travel freely
excess leaves the body in urine
needed in frequent doses (every 1-3 days)
release energy
produce energy
build proteins and cells (metabolize amino acids, help cells multiply)
make collagen (this knits wounds together, supports blood vessel walls, forms a base for teeth and bones)
include: (examples of vitamins)
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin B's -> Biotin (vitamin B7)
Niacin (vitamin B3)
Vitamin B6 Fat soluble vitamins
any vitamin that is soluble in fats
build bones (vitamins A,D,K)
Protects vision (vitamin A)
interact favourably “without vitamin E, your body would have difficulty absorbing and storing vitamin A"
protect the body
- Vitamins A, D, E, and K Vitamin B
total of eight different vitamins B
six of which are essential to the body
each vitamin performs a different role but they also work collectively as a group
essential for transforming carbohydrates into glucose and for metabolizing fats
contributes to healthy hair, skin, and eyes
very important to fetal health and development Vitamin C
also known as ascorbic acid
acts as an antioxidant in the body
protects cells from the damage cause by free radicals- compounds formed when our bodies convert the food we eat into energy
needed to make collagen which is needed in order for the body to heal wounds
improves absorption of iron from plant-based foods
helps immune system work property so that it can protect the body from disease
foods that contain vitamin C include:
- citrus fruits -> oranges Vitamin A
there are two basic forms of vitamin A: retinoids (found in animals foods) and carotenoids (found in plant foods)
both provide different types of health benefits
retinoid- important to night vision, red blood cell production, and resistance to infectious disease
carotenoids- function as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory nutrients
foods that contain vitamin Ainclude:
- carrots Vitamin D
steroid vitamin
encourages the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorous
sunlight gives sufficient vitamin D synthesis in the skin
five forms of vitamin D- D1, D2, D3, D4, D5
two forms that are most important to humans are D2 and D3
acts as an immune system regulator
most direct way to get vitamin D is from direct sunlight
foods that contain vitamin D include:
- seafood Jeopardy 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 This common fruit is abundant in potassium. What is a banana? What is a banana? Calcium can be found in all of the products in this food group. What are dairy products? Red meat contains a lot of ________ in it. What is iron? Vitamin C is most commonly found in this fruit. What is an orange? Vitamin D is most commonly found in this category of food. What is seafood? This mineral helps with the building and maintaining of strong bones in your body. What is calcium? This mineral helps with the formation of hemoglobins which are a part of red bloods cells that help carry oxygen throughout the body. What is iron? 300 The muscles and your nervous system both work properly all thanks to this mineral. What is potassium? When you get sick, or get hurt (ie. a cut), this mineral helps to get your body back to healthy state again. What is zinc? The absorptions of iron from plant based foods is done by the help of this vitamin. What is vitamin C? This vitamin contributes to healthy hair, skin, and eyes. What is vitamin B? This vitamin is separated into two basic forms and some of the functions include night vision, and anti-inflammatory nutrients. What is vitamin A? Food Vitamin Functions Mineral Functions Vitamins
Minerals 500 400 When you get sick, or get hurt (ie. a cut), this mineral helps you to get your body back to healthy state again. What is zinc? This vitamin is considered a steroid vitamin. What is vitamin D? When this type of vitamin is taken, it is absorbed directly into the blood. What are water soluble vitamins? With the help of this ________, the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorous would become a lot harder for the body. What is a vitamin? Trace _______ and macro_______ are both _______. What is a mineral? Fat soluble and water soluble are two ways __________ are categorized. What is a vitamin? This ________ can be obtained from direct sunlight. What is a vitamin? This __________ helps with the absorptions of __________ from plant-based foods. What is a vitamin and what is a mineral? You are able to do your everyday activities because of this mineral. What is calcium?
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