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Transcript of ancient Egypt
Egyptian life is centered around the Nile River
water for drinking, for irrigating, for bathing,
and for transportation
every July it floods
every October it leaves behind rich soil
the delta is a broad, marshy triangular area of fertile silt
managing the river required technological
breakthroughs in irrigation
the Great Sphinx of Giza
a recumbent lion
with a human's head
built 2555 - 2532BC
statue in the world
over 2000 gods & goddesses
they "controlled" the lives of humans
slaves/servants helped the wealthy
with household and childraising duties
raised wheat, barley, lentils, onions - benefitted from irrigation of the Nile
artisans would carve statues and reliefs
showing military battles and scenes in the afterlife
money/barter system was used -
merchants might accept bags of grain for payment -
later, coinage came about
scribes kept records, told stories, wrote poetry
described anatomy and medical treatments
they wrote in hieroglyphs and in hieratic
soldiers used wooden weapons (bow&arrows, spears) w/ bronze tips and might ride chariots
upper class, known as the "white kilt class" -
priests, physicians, engineers
religious and political leader
The political and religious leader of the Egyptian people,
holding the titles: 'Lord of the Two Lands'
and 'High Priest of Every Temple'.
As 'Lord of the Two Lands' the pharaoh was
the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt.
He owned all land, made laws, collected taxes,
& defended Egypt against foreigners
Hatshepsut was a woman
who served as pharaoh
Cleopatra VII also served as pharaoh,
but much later (51 - 30 BC)
more on her when we study Greece
... and now, a word ... or several words ... actually, many, many words from John Green.