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five historical educational ideologies

this is quite fascinating... honest
by

Stuart Mitchell

on 15 July 2014

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Transcript of five historical educational ideologies

Curriculum is...
five historical educational ideologies
Curriculum
Ideology
Classic
Liberal
Progressivism:
Instrumentalism:
Reconstructionism:
maintain a stable society by transmitting society’s heritage to students.
Humanism:
the use of the intellectual disciplines in developing individuals and, thus, a fairer and more equal society.
meeting individuals’ needs and aspirations so as to support their personal growth and strengthen a democratic society.
a curriculum delivering a specific product such as the development of a skilled workforce
education to change society.
classic humanism
liberal humanism
reconstructionism
progressivism
What would education look like under each ideology?

Consider the different elements of teaching and learning through the lens of each viewpoint...
instrumentalism
The goals of our education, from nursery school through to adult education, are clear enough. They are to equip children to the best of their ability for a lively, constructive, place in society, and also to fit them to do a job of work. Not one or the other but both. (Callaghan, 1976)
For such a society, children, and the adults they will become, will need above all to be adaptable and capable of adjusting to their changing environment. They will need as always to be able to live with their fellows, appreciating and respecting their differences, understanding and sympathising with their feelings. They will need the power of discrimination and, when necessary, to be able to withstand mass pressures. They will need to be well-balanced, with neither emotions nor intellect giving ground to each other. They will need throughout their adult life to be capable of being taught, and of learning, the new skills called for by the changing economic scene. They will need to understand that in a democratic society each individual has obligations to the community, as well as rights within it. (Plowden, 1967, p.185)
a system of comprehensive and ordered knowledge which, together with capacities for reasoning, observation and articulation, allows people to decipher the reality of their lives and act within it in a complex, effective and meaningful way… A philosophical approach which fosters caring for truth and justice, together with scepticism of whatever is being taken for granted and clarity and method in thought and expression. (Aloni, 2011, p.44)
…it becomes the practice of freedom, the means by which men and women deal critically and creatively with reality and discover how to participate in the transformation of their world. (Freire, 1970)
instrumentalism
progressivism
liberal humanism
reconstructionism
match the statements
the great debate
Full transcript