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Yadkin Pee-dee River Basin

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Abby Montgomery

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Yadkin Pee-dee River Basin

Recreation Abby, Maggie, Michael, & Edgar Yadkin Peedee Where it begins The Yadkin Pee-Dee's headwaters rise near Blowing Rock , N.C Where it ends The Basin Drains to the Atlantic Ocean in Winyah Bay, east of Georgetown, South Carolina. Turbidity In 2002, the turbidity contents were low during the drought, but rose in 2003. They have stayed even since 2003, but a slight increase in Rocky River HU and a decrease in South Yadkin.
pH levels decreased throughout the basin after the drought. Lead concentrations also rose and so did mercury content. Now, the pH levels are below the recommended amount. Life in Yadkin
Pee-dee Stream Flow Topography Urbanization Pollutants Economy Natural Resources Food Chains/Web Nutrient levels Potable Water Erosion Power Source Citations Flood Plain Aquifer/Watershed Drought Agriculture The stream flow ranges anywhere from 25.2 and 42.3 cubic feet per second. This is considered a low-flow discharge. Pollutants differ throughout the area the Yadkin Peedee covers. Point Source Non-point Source -Urban storm water from water water plants that is not to to standards on it's treatment.
-trash -Piped Discharge from plants
-Construction eroding the land
-Sediments Huge amounts of sediments from farmland erosion along banks.
Construction work along banks. The size of the watershed is 7,213 squared miles.
The basin contains twenty-three water sheds. Some of them are Twin Lakes Rocky (18.25 miles squared.) and Mallard Creek (41.56 miles squared). One-third of the water-sheds are used for agriculture. http://nc.water.usgs.gov/reports/abstracts/wsp2185e.html (turbidity)
http://portal.ncdenr.org/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=9b7efcc5-e5df-4e90-9bf3-a45c51a09495&groupId=38364 (pH levels)
http://ncpedia.org/rivers/yadkin-pee-dee (erosion and watershed)
http://pubs.usgs.gov/wri/wri034147/ (waterflow)
http://www.ptcog.org/planning_services/environmental_planning/water_resources/water_quality/documents/FinalAtlas10-13-10.pdf (watersheds)
http://prezi.com/jtvnpkqico4t/yadkin-pee-dee-river-basin-project/?utm_source=website&utm_medium=prezi_landing_related_solr&utm_campaign=prezi_landing_related_author (others) Topography around the river differs from flat, swampy, and wooded areas. It also travels through pastures, and residential land. Overall the Yadkin Peedee is on a flat, partially hilly land. Algae and Plants Insects Fish This is just one example of what a food chain would look like here. ~"Yadkin–Pee Dee River Basin." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Apr. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.
~"Real-Time Water Data for Yadkin-Peedee Watershed (030401)." USGS Real-Time Water Data. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. Birds Consumers The River is used for crops and swine, poultry and cattle operations. producers Herbivores Carnivores 75 local governments took out water to serve as tap water. The water levels are low, yet they are suitable to drink after purification. The river houses more than 30 species of rare aquatic animals
Two of which, the Short Nosed Sturgeon and the Carolina Heelsplitter, are federally endangered.
The upper part of the Yadkin River watershed contains habitat for several mussel species, in addition to the lower PeeDee River watershed. This project follows the "fair use" rules of the U.S. Copyright law. 42% of the state's cattle is raised in the basin, and brings in $108,556 annually
36% of the state's poultry population are in the basin (approximately 66 million birds), bringing in $821,295 annually.
The river basin only supports 2% of North Carolina's swine population, bringing in $41,576.
In total, $971,427 is brought in from cattle, poultry, and swine.
Crop lands decreased by 46% between 1982 and 1992, while urban development increased by 38%. Droughts have been bad since 1998. In fact, the 1998 drought was the worst recorded drought. In 2002, the droughts worsened over the summer. The water levels dropped quickly, but in effort to save the water they tried to maximize the water in the reservoirs. Tertiary sand and limestone deposits are located north and south of the area, also logging operations are going on around the river. The floodplains is used for temporary storage of flood waters, moderation of peak flows, maintenance of water quality, groundwater recharge, erosion prevention, wildlife habitat, recreational opportunities. The effects were bad and differed in each region. Hydroelectric plants did not have enough water to function. Many fish died off and the water supply was too law. Saltwater intrusions started to arrive which destroyed many plants. http://www.savehighrocklake.org/FERCdocs/AlcoaDraftPlan20030120.pdf Urbanization has the greatest impact on The watershed; not only because buildings, roads, and parking lots replace the vegetation buffers along streams and rivers, but because these impervious surfaces channel runoff from storms and sewers directly into the watershed. "YADKIN-PEEDEE RIVER BASIN." Eenorthcarolina.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 13.
"Yadkin–Pee Dee River Basin." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Apr. 2013. Web. 25 Apr. 2013.
"Alcoa Power Generating Inc., Yadkin Division : The Yadkin Project: Overview." Alcoa Power Generating Inc., Yadkin Division : The Yadkin Project: Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. Sediments are the worst threat to the water system. The sediments cover the stream bed and suffocates fish eggs, clogs fish gills, and reduces visibility to predators. These sediments bring toxins, nutrients and bacteria.
Excessive nutrients caused algae to bloom over the top. It also stunts plant growth. The high nutrient levels begins to kill off fish and clog the water visibility. "Threats." Yadkin Riverkeeper. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. The Yadkin river has a project called the Yadkin Project. With this project, four hydroelectric stations, dams and reservoirs were build along a 38-mile stretch of the Yadkin River in central North Carolina.  They're located at High Rock, Tuckertown, Narrows (Badin Lake), and Falls Lake. Fishing mostly consists of sunfish, catfish, large mouth bass and white bass in the spring and early summer. Canoeing, swimming, and rafting are also possible. A portion of the river flows through Pilot Mountain State Park. Morrow Mountain State Park and the Uwharrie National Forest are along the banks of the river where the river's name changes to the Pee Dee River.
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