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A Brief History of the Holocaust

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Ryan Middleswart

on 18 March 2016

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Transcript of A Brief History of the Holocaust

A Brief History of the Holocaust
In 1933, approximately
9 million
Jews lived in 21 countries in Europe
Hitler and his followers quickly come to the decision that all Jews should be
“removed”
from Germany. There were many reasons for this, but it was largely due to a personal hatred of Jews by Hitler for a variety of reasons; this included his mother's death, personal criticism, and the efforts of Jews in previous wars against Germany.
Adolf Hitler
Born: April 20, 1889
Died: April 30, 1945
November 9th, 1938 – Known as the "
Krystallnacht
", or “Night of broken glass,” Nazi followers destroy thousands of Jewish businesses and synagogues. 30,000 Jews are arrested for crimes they did not commit.
The Holocaust
has begun.
In addition to the German army's numbers,
240,000
men swear allegiance to Hitler within a month of him coming to power. They serve as his private police force, called the "SS."
1939 – The Germans take over Czechoslovakia and invade Poland, home to millions of Jews. Strict rules are placed on the Jewish people, such as being forced to wear the
yellow Star of David
and mandatory
curfews
.
1941 – The Germans spread throughout Europe, forcing millions of Jews from their homes. Those who aren’t forced into concentration camps must live, under strict rule, in
ghettos
set up across Europe.
1942 – Nazi officials discuss the
“Final Solution,”
a plan to remove every Jew from Europe. As a result, the killings of Jews within Europe escalate to horrific levels.
By 1943, only 3 years since the killing began,
80%-85%
of the Jews who will die during the Holocaust – meaning
4.8
million people – are dead.
Sensing their control of Europe is almost over, the Germans try to complete the “Final Solution.”
12,000
Jews a day are exported from Germany and sent to their deaths at the
Auschwitz
concentration camp.
Finally, in
1945
the Germans surrender,
and World War II comes to an end.
On top of this, nearly
5 million
more people –
Gypsies, homosexuals, African-Americans, the disabled, Jehovah’s Witnesses
, and Russian prisoners of war – also died at the hands of the Germans.
The rest of the world
, much of which remained neutral until nearly the end of the war, is
horrified
at what they find throughout Europe. The concentration camps are liberated, and the Jewish people slowly try to return to the lives that were taken from them.
Of the 9 million Jews that lived in Europe in 1933, only
3 million
remain alive. In all, over 11 million people, not including soldiers, have lost their lives.

“We must remember, so that we may never forget.” - Elie Wiesel
Following the defeat of World War I,
Adolf Hitler
and the
Nazi
party rose to power, gaining complete control of Germany in 1933
1940 – The Germans use conquered Poland as a holding area, creating
concentration camps
across the country. At these camps, the massacre begins as the Nazis start to kill their Jewish prisoners.
The killing of those Jews in concentration camps soars as
hundreds of thousands are murdered. These mass killings
are often done through
gas chambers, firing squads, and furnace crematoriums
.
But the damage has been done. Roughly
6 million
Jews have been killed during the course of the Holocaust.
THE HOLOCAUST
OURS - How do our perspectives change our interpretations of certain events?

Questions - ours (as a class) and yours (individually)
YOURS - one one side of your scrap paper:
What do you KNOW about the Holocaust?

On the other side:
What QUESTIONS do you have about the Holocaust?
The Holocaust = sensitive topic - history and emotion.

Let's create some
group norms
around conversation and handling of
this topic.


JEW
Quick write -
Mood - evokes feelings in the reader through words and descriptions. The "atmosphere."
1)
Choose
a picture below - what is the mood based on what you
SEE
?
EQ: How do our perspectives change our interpretations of certain events?

Also: Who is most responsible for the events of the Holocaust?
NAZI
GENOCIDE
HITLER
The total devastation of life caused by Hitler and World War II is estimated to be upwards of
60 million
people - roughly 2% of the world's population at that time.
Class norms reminder (above board):
- Respect others and don't talk over them
- Be respectful and responsible
- Take class time seriously
- Have an open mind
- Be happy to be here
- Don't distract; fully participate
- Do your best work
On scrap paper: What are 2-3 norms you can think of we might ADD to this list for this unit in particular?
LTs:
- I can
form
norms that will help set the atmosphere for mature discussion of a topic.
- I can
identify
key events in the history of the Holocaust.
- I can
list
words/phrases that stand out in a text, and
analyze
what importance they might have.
2) What do you
predict
the mood of
Night
will be? What are some
words
Wiesel might use to show this?
Mood - evokes feelings in the reader through words and descriptions. The "atmosphere."
Full transcript