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Maori Culture

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by

Jillian Harmening

on 6 September 2016

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Transcript of Maori Culture

Who are the Māori people?
Lived in New Zealand before European settlers
Originally came from Southeast Asia (Taiwan) in waves before or around 1300
Similar cultures and appearance to other places/cultures in Polynesia
May have come from same/similar place
Did NOT come from Australia or South America
Māori Culture
Beliefs are very spiritual
MAURI: the life force that permeates all aspects of the arts
Uses performer's spirits and thoughts
Makes music a form of personal expression
Settled in tribes
Often challenged and went to war with other tribes
Can see this through their music!
Māori Performing Arts
The Māori culture has MANY different kinds of songs (
waiata
), each for special occasions
Waiata
are meant to express the feelings of a person or group
Time and place to...
"Vent his spleen"
Sing praises
Welcome guests
Open new meeting house/dining hall
Pay respects to the dead
Honour ancestors
Teach traditions
Thank you!
Māori Culture of New Zealand
During the coming weeks, we will be learning about the Māori Culture of New Zealand. You will...

- Learn how to play traditional music
- Learn and create traditional instruments
- Create your own song in a similar style
- Learn and perform traditional war chants
Wow! So much information!
The Māori Culture
Year 7 HT2015
Tītītōrea / Tī rākau
- To help warriors practice hand-eye coordination at high speeds, the Māori played a special stick game.
- They would play in large groups - whomever dropped a stick was "out"!
What do we know?
WANT to know?
But first...
From southeastern Asia to different islands
A walk through a Māori cultural center
Is this different from things you've seen before?
"A Maori cultural show in Rotorua, New Zealand that teaches you about their traditional ways."
Māori Traditions
Māori performers wear a traditional costume.
The
piupiu
(like a kilt, for both men and women) is made of dried flax, makes a special noise
Traditional Instruments
Kapa Haka
Knew...
WANTED to know
Learned...
(Stick Games)
Tītī = stick, 40-60cm long
Rākau = another stick
E hine, hoki mai ra.

1. E pāpā Waiari, Taku nei mahi
Taku nei mahi,He tuku roimata

Ē aue, ka mate au;
E hine hoki mai rā
(repeat)

2. Māku e kaute Ō hīkoitanga
Māku e kaute Ō hīkoitanga

(Chorus)
Oh darling, come back to me.

1. O Uncle Waiari, All I've been doing
All I've been doing Is shedding tears

Alas I will die;
Oh darling, return to me
(repeat)

2. I will count Your footsteps
I will count Your footsteps

(Chorus)
Maori
English
E pāpā Waiari
E pāpā Waiari
Verse 1
- (Move side to side) Down, tip, (spin) down
Refrain
- (In middle) Down, X X
Verse 2
- (In middle) Down, sticks together, cross to partner*
Refrain
- (In middle) Down, X X
Sing through twice, end with
"E hine hoki mai rä"
*Can change sticks here
E hine, hoki mai ra.

1. E pāpā Waiari, Taku nei mahi
Taku nei mahi, He tuku roimata

Ē aue, ka mate au;
E hine hoki mai rā
(repeat)

2. Māku e kaute Ō hīkoitanga
Māku e kaute Ō hīkoitanga

(Chorus)
Taonga puoro
All instruments treated with great respect
Help balance spiritual and physical life forces
Arranged into families, similar to ours
According to the gods
Can belong to more than one group
Playing techniques - so complex, most are forgotten!
Traditional Māori music all has words...why?
Instruments & dances enhance the music
Music is needed for special occasions
What are special occasions that we use music for?
Māori Instruments
The Māori had LOTS of different instruments, but no skin drum!
pūtātara (1)
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/music/42153/playing-the-putatara
Rōria
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/video/42156/playing-the-roria
Purerehua (2)

pūmotomoto
kōauau ponga ihu
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/music/42164/koauau-ponga-ihu
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/music/42162/playing-the-pumotomoto-2000
1
2
Kapa
: A dance
Haka
: To stand in a row or a rank
Kapa Haka
:
Groups standing in rows to perform traditional dances
A tribe's reputation depended on their ability to perform the Haka
Often were war chants
Gestures meant to daunt enemy, excite audience
"The whole body should speak"
Pukana: dilated eyes
Whetero: stuck-out tongues
It's personal!
Because Māori music is so spiritual, it is extremely personal.
All instruments are
made
by the player
Made to look and sound slightly unique
Given their own name!
You are going to make your own rākau (sticks) to play Papa Waiari with! You may decorate them as you like. Here are some examples of the intricate carvings.
Make your own version!
Now that you've seen some different Māori music and tried out a traditional game, give it a try!
Come up with a "remix" of E pāpā Waiari. The music will stay the same, but change the rhythms and patterns of the rākau.
We've said that Māori music is very personal - show us a bit of your personality through rhythm
.
Suggestion
: each person make up their own
3-beat pattern
, then the group puts all
patterns together while singing E pāpā Waiari
.
Here is some inspiration - can be found on unit site!
http://www.maori.org.nz/waiata/default.php?pid=sp109&parent=88
Learn the All Black's haka - "Ka mate, ka mate"
Learn it...
Practice it!
kia whakata hoki au i ahau
hi aue, hi
ko aotearoa e ngunguru nei
au! au! aue ha!
ko Kapa O e ngunguru nei
au! au! aue ha!
i ahaha
ka tu te ihiihi
ka tu te wanawana
ki runga i te rangi e tu iho nei, tu iho nei
ponga ra!
Kapa O Pango!
ponga ra!
Kapa O Pango!
aue hi!
Let me go back to my first gasp of breath
Let my life force return to the earth
It is New Zealand that thunders now
And it is my time!
It is my moment!
The passion ignites!
This defines us as the All Blacks
And it is my time!
It is my moment!
The anticipation explodes!
Feel the power
Our dominance rises
Our supremacy emerges
To be placed on high
Silver fern! All Blacks!
aue hi!
Full transcript