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Ireland's History with England
Transcript of Ireland's History with England
in 1495. In 1581 Queen Elizabeth outlaws Roman
Catholicism. In 1641, an Irish uprising occurred that lasted
until 1649-52. The uprising was quelled by Oliver Cromwell. The Great Blight In 1844, a fungus was found in America that
made potatoes turn into inedible mush. This fungus hit Ireland in the summer of 1845. That year, only 50% of the crops were viable. Finally, in the year 1846, England began giving
Ireland corn. With an initial population of 8 million, Ireland
lost 2 million people due to the famine. Differences between Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland Northern Ireland is mostly Protestant, whereas the Republic is majorly Catholic.
Northern Ireland has about 1/4 of its population as Catholic.
Conflicts arose because of this.
The Republic focuses on traditional Irish ways, while Northern is influence by British/English ways.
Two seperate currencies and measurement:
Republic - Euro and Metric system.
Northen - Pound and Imperial (Standard) system. "Freedom Fighters" The Irish Republic Army is the current headliner group in the "reunification" of Ireland.
The IRA was created in 1919 after the dissolving of the Irish Volunteers.
In 1969 the IRA separated into different groups, all calling themselves the IRA.
The Original IRA renounced violence.
Today, the Provisional IRA is considered the main paramilitary terrorist group in the area.
In 1998, a car bombing took place killing 29 people, government threats ordering a cease-fire followed. Glorious Ireland's History with the Tyrannical English Works Cited Holwell, John. "A Brief History of Ireland." Genealogy Pro. Genealogy Pro, 2001. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.
Arthur, Paul. "Irish Republican Army." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.
Thomas, Heather. "Elizabethan Catholics." Elizabeth R. Elizabeth R, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.
Truman, Chris. "The Great Famine of 1845." The Great Famine of 1845. History Learning Site, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.
Fish, Greg. "The Differences Between Northern & Southern Ireland." EHow. Demand Media, 02 Nov. 2010. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. Ireland's Seperation After the Great Blight, Ireland began pushing for its own independence from Great Britain.
They gained much more political power, such as an increase in prosperity, a seat in Parliament, and their own "private" parliament.
The World War postponed any further advances.
A treaty was made to make Ireland a free state under the British Commonwealth.
Civil war ensued. Ireland Continues to
Break Away from Britain With southern Ireland now a free state within the Commonwealth, they referred to themselves as Eire.
Eire and the Commonwealth lasted 11 years until the south completely broke off from Britain in 1948.
Republic of Ireland.
1972 - Ireland, UK, and Denmark all join the European Economic Community.
Northern Irish State revoked; fall under direct control of Britain.