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Archetype notes for Native American unit
Transcript of Archetype notes for Native American unit
Carl Jung: The human mind unconsciously creates images. These images appear in dreams of all humans and in the myths of every human culture.
They are basically SUPER SYMBOLS -- characters, situations, and images that can stand for many different things
The term archetype can be applied to:
· An image
· A theme
· A symbol
· An idea
· A character type
· A plot pattern
Carl Jung coined the word “archetype’ and theorized
that humans have a collective unconscious, meaning that all people have the same ideas or experiences. This shared memory of experiences has resulted in a resonance of the concepts of hero and heroine that transcends time, place and culture. Jung called these recurring personalities archetypes.
Can suggest mystery of Creation.
Birth to death to resurrection; purification and redemption; fertility and growth.
The mother of all life; spiritual mystery and infinity; death and rebirth; timelessness and eternity; the unconscious.
Hope and Fertility.
Truth and Security
Religious Feeling/Spiritual Purity
Breaks the rules of the gods or nature, but usually with ultimately positive effects (though the trickster's initial intentions may have been either positive or negative).
The Devil figure is a form of the shadow, evil incarnate, a figure who frequently offers the hero otherworldly goods, fame or knowledge for possession of his soul
The Devil Figure
The Terrible Mother
The Soul Mate
The Great Mother
The mysteries of life, death, transformation
are found in two main narratives:
The Archetypal Women
The Good Mother
The princess or beautiful lady—incarnation of inspiration and spiritual fulfillment
life, birth, warmth, nourishment, protection, fertility, growth, abundance
The quest: the hero (savior, deliverer) undertakes some long journey during which he or she must perform impossible tasks, battle with monsters, solve unanswerable riddles, and overcome insurmountable obstacles in order to save the kingdom.
The Archetypal Man
He tests the moral qualities of others and makes gifts dependent on this test.
Chaos, mystery, the unknown
(a geometric figure based upon the squaring of a circle around a unifying center)
Ascending the mountain suggests a
spiritual journey to enlightenment.
The center of the universe from which
everything could be seen.
The place the gods, reveal truths.
Place of mystery and power
Archetypal Motifs or Patterns
Escape From Time
into Cyclical Time
"return to paradise," the state
of perfect, timeless bliss enjoyed
by man and woman before their
tragic Fall into corruption and mortality.
Wise Old Man
Eyes and messengers of the gods
Move between the seen and the unseen
Offer prophetic vision and insight
Energy and pure force,
Virtually every mythology/cultural truth is built upon some account of how the cosmos, nature and humankind were brought into existence by some supernatural Being or beings
The old man always appears when the hero is in a hopeless and desperate situation from which only profound reflection or a lucky idea can extricate him.
A Journey Through
Savior, redeemer, guru
wisdom, goodwill readiness to help
Forces of generation
The mystery of life.
Chinese image representing the union of the opposite forces (one can't exist without the other).
Yin (feminine, darkness, passivity, unconscious), and the Yang (masculine, light, activity, conscious mind).
Archetypes can be expressed in
The theory of archetypes explains why cultures who have never interacted have similar images, characters, and situations (what happens after death, where life came from)
These are especially evident in myths from culture
Also in modern works (TV, books, art, films); can you name some?
The negative aspects
The witch, the sorceress, the siren, whore,
Sensuality, fear, danger, darkness, dismemberment, emasculation
Sun (fire and sky are symbolically related)
(Moon and Earth are associated with female/mother)
death and decay.
Wholeness and unity
Associated with the circle of life
Four elements (earth, air, fire and water)
The most powerful of all symbolic numbers
Signifies the union of 3 and 4
The completion of a cycle
The positive aspects
The theme of endless death and regeneration--human beings achieve a kind of immortality by submitting to the vast, mysterious rhythm of Nature's eternal cycle, particularly the cycle of the seasons.
Beginning of time/life
In American Culture:
Evolved to symbolize depression
light, purity, innocence
a symbol of immortality
Paradoxical nature, personality difficult to categorize
Beware of the dark side of things and play on your resources