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Methodology: Culture Shock
Transcript of Methodology: Culture Shock
2. Have you traveled, or lived, in another country? Which place/country had the most different culture from your own?
3. How different or varied is culture inside your own Canadian culture?
4. List the most important cultural features of Canada, that a foreigner will have to adapt to? - Culture is a way of life of a people or society.
- Includes shared beliefs, behaviours, values, traditions, language and knowledge.
- Acquired through upbringing, education and interaction with other members of the society.
-Culture changes with the progress of society. The 5 Phases of Culture Shock 50 Years of Immigration Culture Shock Warm Up What is Culture? 1. Honeymoon: Everything is new and exciting; permanent tourist.
2. Culture shock: Feelings of loneliness, frustration, disappointment, guilt.
3. Reintegration: Individual attempts to connect with host culture, but also resents it.
4. Autonomy: Understand how to adapt to new culture; becomes involved in community.
5. Independence: Embraces host culture; biculturality. Q: Do you think culture shock has been reduced over the years? Why or why not? Q: Identify the stages of culture shock, in the video. Reverse Culture Shock Tips for TESL Bibliography - Also known as "re-entry" or "reverse home sickness"
- Occurs when returning home after embracing a different culture.
- Feelings of frustration with one's own culture.
- This phenomenon can be more surprising and difficult to deal with than the initial culture shock - In the late 1960s, a points system was introduced to determine the desirability of individuals applying to immigrate to Canada. Racial discrimination in immigration was somewhat reduced.
- Before 1960s, most immigrants were from Europe, seeking a new homeland. Now, immigrants are from all continents, and come because of family sponsorship, economic reasons, or are
- 1978: New Immigration Act affirms Canada's commitment to resettle refugees.
- Under the Mulroney government, those with significant financial resources were invited to apply for immigration, leading to a rise in entrepreneurial or business immigrants in the 1990s. In the ESL context, it cannot be emphasized enough the importance of cultural integration, and cross cultural understanding
- Create a new classroom interculture
- Flexible approaches and respectful attitudes are vital
Topics important for ESL classrooms:
1. Canadian Policies regarding multiculturalism/diversity
2. Canadian history (language/immigration policies) Definitions Assimilation: Minorities and new members of society were encouraged to adopt the new languages and culture and to aim at becoming indistinguishable from the majority population
Acculturation: Exchange of cultural features when groups of people come into close contact, learning and absorbing from each others cultures while keeping their own culture intact Li, Xuemei, Pamela Robinson, and Johanne Myles. "Chapter 2: Cultural Considerations." Teaching ESL in Canada. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford UP, 2012. N. pag. Print. - According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada, the top 3 countries represented by permanent residents in 2011 were the Philippines, China and India. The top 3 mother tongues were Tagalog, Arabic and Mandarin.
- An average of 82 refugee claims were made to Canada each day this year. There have been an average of 28 immigration applicants per hour.
- Immigration costs Canada $23.6 B this year.
-The Official Languages Act was passed in 1969.
-1971: Trudeau announced multiculturalism as the foundation of his policy.
-The LINC program was implemented in 1992 Fast Facts