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The Yippies

by Krystal Goldschmidt and Kaley Lorch
by

Krystal Goldschmidt

on 2 May 2013

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Transcript of The Yippies

On December 31st 1967,
at a party, Abbie Hoffman,
Anita Hoffman, Jerry Rubin,
Paul Krassner, and Nancy Kurshan
came up with the idea to start
the Youth International Party .
This group was then led
by Abbie and Jerry , and the group
later became known as the yippies. " I believe in compulsory cannibalism.
If people were forced to eat
what they killed, there would
be no more wars."
-Abbie Hoffman "Free speech means the right
to shout 'theatre' in
a crowded fire."
-Abbie Hoffman Jerry Rubin "We are born twice.
My first birthday was
in 1938, but I was reborn
in Berkeley in 1964 in the
Free Speech Movement.
When we say don't trust
anyone over 30, we're
talking about the second
birth."
-Jerry Rubin "The religion of the
Yippies is: RISE UP
AND ABANDON THE
CREEPING
MEATBALL!"
-Jerry Rubin "Irreverence is our only sacred cow." Jerry Rubin was a co-founder of the Yippie party. He worked side by side with Abbie Hoffman in their radicalism and comical acts. As a member of the Chicago Seven (a group of radicals who were outrageously unruly at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago), he displayed his absurdity by showing up to the trial donning a judge’s robe that was covering a Chicago police shirt. Paul Krassner Abbie Hoffman, the lead founder of the Youth International Party, was 31 years old when he envisioned an organization that was a knock-off version of the hippies. Hoffman's wife, Anita, and Jerry Rubin were co-founders of the "Yippie" organization. A born rebel, Abbie was expelled from public school but later completed a B.A. from Bradeis University and a master's degree from UC Berkeley in psychology. Paul Krassner was a co-founder of the party. He was the one who actually coined the term “Yippie.” The Youth International Party "For years, reality has been nipping at the heels of satire.Now, it's finally caught up. I don't need to make this stuff up." ~A Yippie Manifesto~
by Jerry Rubin "As society falls apart, its children reject their parents. The elders offer us Johnsons, Agnews, and Nixons, dead symbols of a dying past. The war between THEM and US will be decided by the seven-year-olds. We offer: sex, drugs, rebellion, heroism, brotherhood. They offer: responsibility, fear, Puritanism, repression[...] They put LSD in the water fountains of Congress and the Congressmen have a beautiful trip. Congress votes to lower the voting age to 14[...] The university is a protective and plastic scene, shielding people from the reality of life, th reality of suffering, of ecstasy, of struggle. The university converts the agony of life into a security of words and books." This wacky manifesto articulates on the key beliefs of the Yippie party. There is a wide spectrum of ideas briefly brushed upon. Rubin states that school's only purpose is to hold rebellions. He believes that money is the root of the problem of society. The tone in the document is extremely rebellious and brash, and extremely illogical from an average reader's standpoint. Hints of avoiding the conscription to fight in the Vietnam War are placed discreetly throughout. This document is extremely important because it allows an individual to grapple to main idea of what the Yippies are all about. The diction is casual and vulgar; the syntax is irregular. The reader is given a piece of the Yippie groove. Jerry Rubin, most likely influenced by potent drugs while he constructed this manifesto, provides valuable insight on the clockwork of the Youth International Party. Everyone should have a helmet. Your head sticks out above the swarming crowd and dents like a tin can. Protect it! The type of helmet you get depends on what you can afford and how often you’ll be using it…
The snappiest demonstrators use the familiar motorcycle crash helmet. They are the highest in price, running from $10.00 to as high as $40.00. . . . Get only those with removable [plastic face guards] since you might want to make use of a gas mask. ~Steal This Book~
by Abbie Hoffman This excerpt is just the tip of the iceberg of Abbie Hoffman’s composition “Steal This Book.” He wrote a section of this book while he was in Cook County Jail in Illinois. This book includes an “alternative way to live,” involving instructions on how to grow marijuana, shoplift merchandise, among other random and aloof actions. This featured excerpt features instructions on what to wear to a demonstration displays an almost comical and sarcastic tone. Because of the book’s rebellious nature, Hoffman wrote this book with a youth audience in mind. This novel is important because it highlights the methods of how a representative of the youth generation would deal with certain issues, such as discovering multiple freebies that would be sufficient for survival and methods for fighting against the government. It demonstrates the horrifying chasm that was growing between the youth and the older generation and the passionate resistance against government policies. The goals of the Yippies boiled down to establishing the right of free speech and eliminating the state of war. By using comical gestures to initiate their beliefs (such as nominating Pigasus as a presidential candidate to mock the nature of American politics and dropping dollar bills into the pit of the New York Stock Exchange to establish the foolishness of money), the Yippies provided fuel to maintain the rebellious nature of America's youth generation. Yippie success One interesting event that the yippies took place in was throwing pies at people that they did not like. The first pie thrown by a yippie was thrown by Tom Forcade in 1970. Although, the most famous pie thrower was Aron Kay who was dubbed the nickname “pieman” after throwing pies at William F. Buckley, Phyllis Schlafly, G. Gordon Liddy, Andy Warhol, and many others. "Join us in Chicago in August for an international festival of youth, music, and theater. Rise up and abandon the creeping meatball! Come all you rebels, youth spirits, rock minstrels, truth-seekers, peacock-freaks, poets, barricade-jumpers, dancers, lovers and artists "It is summer. It is the last week in August, and the NATIONAL DEATH PARTY meets to bless Lyndon Johnson. We are there! There are 50,000 of us dancing in the streets, throbbing with amplifiers and harmony. We are making love in the parks. We are reading, singing, laughing, printing newspapers, groping, and making a mock convention, and celebrating the birth of FREE AMERICA in our own time. "Everything will be free. Bring blankets, tents, draft-cards, body-paint, Mr. Leary's Cow, food to share, music, eager skin, and happiness. The threats of LBJ, Mayor Daley, and J. Edgar Freako will not stop us. We are coming! We are coming from all over the world!
"The life of the American spirit is being torn asunder by the forces of violence,decay, and the napalm-cancer fiend. We demand the Politics of Ecstasy! We are the delicate spores of the new fierceness that
will change America. We will create our own reality, we are Free America! And we will not accept the false theater of the Death Convention.
"We will be in Chicago. Begin preparations now! Chicago is yours! Do it!" The yippies also planned the festival of life which was to take place in December of 1967. They put out advertisements, like the one just shown, in order to rally up young people to attend in order to have fun, while at the same time stand up against the government. While the yippies were successful in drawing attention to their causes through outlandish and humorous actions, they did not get much accomplished besides things like scaring the government that they were going to put LSD in the Chicago water systems and by getting recognition for riots and guerrilla theater . One of the most successful accomplishments they had was at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, when they nominated a pig (pigasus) as a president candidate. Although, that really did not turn out that well either because Mayor Daley called in the National Guard to put an end to their efforts at the convention. Then, they were put on a trial called the Chicago Seven for five months to be tried for violating anti-riot laws on March 20, 1969. Decline of
the Yippies The yippies did not last for a very long amount of time. Many of the yippies had started to disappear by the early 1970s. There were still some around in the 1980s though that would mostly participate in “smoke -ins” which promoted the legalization of marijuana. The beginning:
In the 1960s , America' youth
began thinking in a new way.
They believed that their freedoms
were being limited by the government. With the pressures of serving in the Vietnam War, many individuals squirmed their way out of conscription. Some felt that too much responsibility was being placed upon the shoulders of the younger generation. Others believed that the age gap between the adults was crushing American society by implementing "old-fashioned" policies, such as banning drugs and (according to them) establishing a communist government in the school system. Many teenagers also felt that their right to speak up was being suppressed. As a result of this pressurizing build-up, this rebellious group of younger people felt that it was up to them to fight for the freedom and rights that they deserved.
~An Announcement: Youth International Party (or Yip!) Is Born~
by Sanders, Krassner, Rubin, and Hoffman
This advertisement was the first piece of written proof that the Youth International Party was a legitimate group. This document describes the nature of the Yippies by calling all of the "peacock-freaks and rock minstrels" to combine forces to rejuvenate the stagnating and strict American society. By using the number 50,000 to record the wide attraction of the Yippie group, Hoffman tries to use a tactic that will lure more youth into this rebellious organization. The advertisement has a sense of urgency: if "you rebels" don't join now, then the "American spirit" will be torn away from us forever by those old farts in charge of the government! This document is extremely valuable because this was the first time the idea of the Youth International Party was being dipped into society's attention. The Youth International Party's flag
-green marijuana leaf against a red star and black background. The marijuana leaf stands for the Yippie's goal to establish a "new nation" as rugged as the marijuana leaf. "We should all be very realistic and demand the impossible."
(and that's why the Yippies fizzled out...)
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