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Horror film

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Cherry Cai

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of Horror film

Horror film History of horror Intro of horror Horror is a film genre seeking to elicit a negative emotional reaction from viewers by playing on the audience's primal fears. Horror films often feature scenes that startle the viewer; the macabre and the supernatural are frequent themes. Thus they may overlap with the fantasy, supernatural, and thriller genres.

From wikipedia Horror is an ancient art form.
They are designed to terrify people with tales which trigger the less logical parts of their imaginations for as long as stories have been told.Audiences willingly offer themselves up to sadistic storytellers to be scared witless , and they are happy to pay for the privilege.Theories as to why this is are that we gain basic thrills from triggering the rush of adrenalin which fear brings, or the question that do horror stories serve a wider moral purpose, reinforcing the rules our society and those who don’t obey. setting Technical codes genre convention Graveyards
Churches
Hospitals
Basements/Attics/Lofts
Isolated communities(urban environment, dark street and narrow alleyways)
subway High/Low Camera Angles(Effect- Power)
Jump Cuts(Effect-Quickening of Time)
Ambient Sounds- Diegetic(Realism)
Monster Sounds etc-Non Diegetic(Effect- To scare) Iconography Low key lighting (High-key to emphasise shadows)
Weapons (guns, knives)
Blood
Religious symbols
Dark coloured clothing/costumes
Dark colour in General(black&red) Character types Hero(often a victim),the main protagonist
Villain(or evil force),often a monster,mutated freak, alien or serial killer
Creepy children
The stupid/immoral teenagers that always get killed.
Police officers(good or bad)
Ghosts/Zombies/Demon/Psychopath/Stalker/Weirdo/Werewolf/Cheerleader Themes: What is genre?Genre is a French word meaning ‘type’, so recognising genre is about deciding what type of moving image text you are looking at. You will do this by considering its main features, known as genre conventions. These conventions include themes, setting, characters, plotlines, narrative structure, mood, props or significant objects. Good versus EvilDeathSuicideReligion
Depression
childhood issues
revenge
supernatural
science gone bad
zombie apocalypse
nightmares
madness
insanity
lust
envy (genre conventions & history) Narrative Structure 1800's 1896
Georges Meles produces THE DEVILS CASTLE and is the world's first "true" horror movie.Ghosts, cavaliers, skeletons and withes appear at the call of the devil. The whole film lasts just a short three minutes. 1898
George Albert Smith patents his 'special photographic contrivance' (double exposure) which enabled him to show ' ghosts' on screen. His films faust and mephistopheles are premiered. 1900's
1937:THE BBFC INTRODUCES A NEW 'H'CERTIFICATE.THE 'H' STANDS FOR HORRIFIC AND REPLACES THE OLD 'A' (ADULT) RATING. ANYONE ACCOMPANIED BY AND ADULT COULD WATCH THE OLD 'A' RATING BUT THE NEW 'H' SYSTEM STATES THAT ONLY AUDIENCE MEMBERS THE AGE OF SIXTEEN OR OVER CAN VIEW THE FILMS IN QUESTION.THERE WERE NOW THREE RATING, 'U' FOR UNIVERSAL WHICH IS ALMED AT CHILREN.'A' FOR CHILDREN AND ADULTS AND FINALLY 'H' FOR JUST ADULTS. 1930S-1940S 1940:UNIVERSAL RELEASE THE MUMMY'S HANDSHOWING THEIR REINFORCEMENT IN EGYPTIAN NORROR MVIES 1948: UNIVERSAL'S SECOND GENERATION OF HORROR MOVIES COMETO AN END WITH ANOTHER MONSTER TEAM UP HOUSE OF DRACULA.THIS FILM TRULY MAKRS THE END OF AN ERA, IT IS ALSO THE LAST IN A CYCLE OF FILMS, A CYCLE THAT OTHER STUDIOS WILL COPY FOR DECADES TO COME. 1950S-1960S With advances in technology, the tone of horror films shifted from the Gothic towards contemporary concerns. Two sub-genres began to emerge: the horror-of-armageddon film and the horror-of-the-demonic film.[10] 1951: A NEW CYCLE OF HORROR MOVIES BEGINS. THE THING 'FROM ANOTHER WORLD' TERRORISES AN ARCTIC RESEARCH BASE. THE BBFC INTRODUCES A NEW 'X' CERTIFICATE, NOW ONLY OVER EIGHTEENS CAN WATCH FILMS IN THIS NEW CATEGORY WHICH REPLACES THE OLD 'H'. THE DAWNING ATOMIC AGE WILL NOW SPAWN A NEW TYPE OF HORROR PREOCCUPIED WITH SPACE, ALIENS , ATOMIC MUTATION AND COLD WAR ANTI-COMMUNIST PARANOIA. THIS SPARKED A NEW REVOLUTION FORHORROR. Ghosts and monsters still remained a frequent feature of horror, but many films used the supernatural premise to express the horror of the demonic. The Innocents (Jack Clayton, 1961) based on the Henry James novel The Turn of the Screw and The Haunting (Robert Wise, 1963) are two such horror-of-the-demonic films from the early 1960s, both made in the UK by American studios. 1970S-1980S 1970:A MORE PERMISSION SOCIETY AND A TIRED FORMULA ENCOURAGES HAMMER TO MAKE THE VAMPIRE LOVERS AN OUT AND OUT EROTIC EXPLOITATION FILM WITH LESBIAN VAMPIRES AND LOTS MORE NUDITY. 1976:THE FIRST RELEASE OF PRE-RECORDED FILM IS A 1972 KOREAN MOVIE CALLED THE YOUNG TEACHER. The 1980s saw a wave of gory "B movie" horror films – although most of them were panned by critics, many became cult classics and later saw success with critics. A significant example is Sam Raimi's Evil Dead movies, which were low-budget gorefests but had a very original plotline which was later praised by critics. Other horror film examples include cult vampire classic Fright Night (1985) and The Lost Boys (1987).[citation needed] 1990S In the first half of the 1990s, the genre continued many of the themes from the 1980s. The slasher films A Nightmare on Elm Street, Friday the 13th, Halloween and Child's Play all saw sequels in the 1990s, most of which met with varied amounts of success at the box office, but all were panned by fans and critics, with the exception of Wes Craven's New Nightmare (1994) and the hugely successful Silence of the Lambs (1991). 2000S The start of the 2000s saw a quiet period for the genre. The release of an extended version of The Exorcist in September 2000 was successful despite the film having been available on home video for years.
There has been a major return to the zombie genre in horror movies made after 2000.[ Standard Structure-(Equilibrium-Disruption-Attempt to Repair-Equilibrium)
Beginning middle end –1.'Arachnophobia' (1990)
2. 'The Innocents' (1961)
3. 'Book of Shadows: Blair Witch 2' (2000)
4. 'Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory' (1971)
5. 'The Wicker Man' (1973)
6. 'The Blob' (1988)
7. 'Rosemary's Baby' (1968)
8. 'The Brood' (1979)
9. 'Event Horizon' (1997)
10. 'Dawn of the Dead' (2004) Searching the scariest movies of all time the top 10 were
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