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EGYPT Scientific Poster by Wenda
Transcript of EGYPT Scientific Poster by Wenda
mummification process combined scientific and religious practices.
by wenda lyons
Egyptian faith is based on collections of ancient myths, nature worship and countless deities. Without Egyptian religion, none of the great Pyramids, tombs, temples, mummies, or ancient artifacts would exist since every aspect of the Egyptian’s lives was centered on religion.
A mummy from the Coffin of Usermontu
Embalming has been practiced in many cultures and is one of the earliest surgical procedures humanity undertook. Taken at the British Museum
The mummification process combined scientific and religious practices. From the NMNH Anthropology collections
Pyramids of Giza. 'Pharaoh' is actually a Greek word that is based on an Egyptian word that meant 'great house'.
PRACTICES and BELIEFS
DEATH and AFTERLIFE
Mythology played into the accounts of the gods and the goddesses. Often, these myths were creation stories of how the earth began. The story of Ra for example, says that the ocean existed until Ra, the God of the Sun came out of an egg on the surface of the water. During the day
The Gods and the Goddesses were worshiped by the Egyptians. To honour the Gods, the Egyptians built temples where they offered them food, gift and prayers. Their stories were life lessons that the Egyptians followed blindly since religion explained the unexplainable things in nature. From the creation myth of Ra came the conception of the "Ennead", a group of nine Osirian gods (Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys). The gods were often represented by human bodies and human/animal heads.
Every night, Ra the Sun God steers his boat on a cosmic voyage through the Land of the Dead, to bring the new day each morning
Sun-god Ra, Philae
In one of his many forms, Ra has the head of a falcon and the sun-disk of Wadjet resting on his head.
Carved wooden statues on sale beside the Citadel of Qaitbay. Ancient Egyptian King Ra (and the wooden eye of Ra) and soldiers and servants.
The blue eye hung up is an ancient symbol which is believed to guard and protect its holder from the envious eyes.
Eye of Ra
Religion was a necessary part of society, especially concerning the funerary beliefs and customs of the Egyptians. Their funerary practices provoked experimentation and development in areas such as architecture, art, pottery, carpentry and metal-working. The burial
Anubis - Isis - Hathor - Haroeris - Re/Ra - Seth - Maat - Tefnut/Tefenet - Geb - Shu - Horus - Nut - Nephthys - Thoth - Osiris
A statue of the Egyptian God Anubis
Isis is the goddess of motherhood, magic and fertility.
he travelled on earth in his sun boat called the "Barque of Millions," and at night he was thought to die and disappear into the Underworld. Ra would be born again the next dawn. Essentially, this story is just one of the many myths that the Egyptians created to better understand the world around them.
"Tombs in Cairo in the City of the Dead"
"A mummified Egyptian's stomach was placed in the Duamutef (jackal) headed canopic jar while Qebekh-sennuef the falcon- headed guardian watched over the intestines:
customs of mummification, casting spells and building burials with specific grave goods that were thought to be needed in the afterlife, ensured their immortality after death. One of the funerary texts associated with the ancient Egyptian beliefs was called the "Book of the Dead." This important book contained ideas and beliefs concerning religion. Essentially, their belief in immortality after death was their driving force behind their funerary practices.
A scene from the "Book of the Dead"
Burying the dead was a religious concern because it was believed that you would travel in a heavenly boat into the afterlife, where you would live happily. In the afterlife, the dead must bring everything that they needed with them when they were alive. For this reason, tombs were filled with countless items.
Since the dead person could not go into the afterlife without a body, those who could afford to were also mummified through a process called embalming. This process lasted approximately 70 days during which the body would be washed and purified and the organs would be removed and replaced with stuffing. After 40 to 50 days, the body would then be wrapped in strands of linen and then placed in a stone coffin.
An Egyptian mummy kept in the Vatican Museums.
Essentially, there would be no reason to visit Egypt today if not for Egyptian religion since their entire lives were based around their belief in the gods, goddesses and the afterlife.
Dyson, Jr., Robert H. "Egyptian Mythology,." Emayzine 2001. Web. 04 Mar. 2011.
Egypt Travel, Tours, Vacations, Ancient Egypt from Tour Egypt. Web. 04 Mar. 2011.
"Ancient Egypt | Egyptian Mummies." Ancient Egypt | Ancient Egyptian Resource Center | Includes Pyramids, Pharaohs, Queens, and More! Web. 04 Mar. 2011. <http://www.kingtutone.com/mummies/>
"Egyptian Gods and Goddesses." Ancient Egypt, Experience The History And Magic. Web. 04 Mar. 2011. <http://www.experience-ancient-egypt.com/egyptian-gods.html>