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Adam Hanson

on 29 April 2013

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Transcript of LGBTQ

by Adam Hanson What does it mean to be gl? How do people become gl? How many of "them" are there? Popular scales of sexuality Storm's Two-Dimensional Chart Klein's Sexual Orientation Grid What's it like for a LGBTQ student? How can School Counselors help within schools? What it used to mean... How can School Counselors help outside of schools? The Kinsey Scale 0- Exclusively heterosexual with no homosexual
1- Predominantly heterosexual, only incidentally homosexual
2- Predominantly heterosexual, but more than incidentally homosexual
3- Equally heterosexual and homosexual
4- Predominantly homosexual, but more than incidentally heterosexual
5- Predominantly homosexual, only incidentally heterosexual
6- Exclusively homosexual 5300 white males 5940 white females yes, everyone was white...it was the 1940's 10% of males (16-55 yrs old) were predominately gay 2-6% of females (20-35 yrs old) were predominately gay he estimated that about 46% of males surveyed had either experienced heter- and homo- sexual encounters OR "reacted" to both sexes 6-14% of females had more than incidental homosexual experiences in their lives "Homosexuality" was a diagnosable mental health condition until it was removed from the DSM-II in 1974. "Ego Dystonic Homosexuality" replaced it in the DSM-III in 1980. (1) a persistent lack of heterosexual arousal, which the patient experienced as interfering with initiation or maintenance of wanted heterosexual relationships, and (2) persistent distress from a sustained pattern of unwanted homosexual arousal. Removed from the DSM-III in 1986. All original content of this website is copyright © 1997-2012 by Gregory M. Herek, Ph.D.
All rights reserved http://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/facts_mental_health.html individuals who are gay or lesbian are physically attracted to others of their same perceived gender an individual born anatomically a female, who identifies as transgender, and who is attracted to females, would this term is significant because not be considered a lesbian some people believe it is innate some people believe it is learned whatever your take on the issue, one thing is certain RESEARCH WILL CONTINUE in a study by Kinsey - it's nature! no, it's nurture! - Facts: Left-handed people are up to 10x less intelligent than right-handed people. Left-handed people are up to 7x less physically fit than right-handed people. Left-handed people want everyone to be left-handed. Based on studies by the United States Department of Haptics Research Association, 2011 Exposure to a left-handed person over time could turn you left-handed. an estimated 10% 1 in 10 Across different samples, 50% - 80% of adolescents judged homosexuality to be unacceptable

less than 10% thought excluding a gay or lesbian peer was acceptable

less than 5% evaluated it as acceptable to tease or harass someone because they were gay or lesbian evidence suggests that students distinguish between their personal values and a shared ethic of tolerance and inclusion teacher sensitivity to gay issues in HIV education has been linked to lower sexual risk-taking for gay males LGBTQ-related resources and support is becoming more widely available for students at school, and schools are integrating LGBTQ topics into school curriculums train school personnel to be knowledgeable and supportive advocates for LGBTQ students students report that U.S. teachers intervene less often when homophobic remarks are made than when racist or sexist remarks are made ␣␣␣␣␣␣␣␣␣ in a nationwide study of LGBT students, having more teacher supports in schools was associated with missing fewer days of school for safety reasons, feeling safer in school, and reporting higher grades and educational aspirations victimization based on sexual orientation and gender expression decreased in states that had enumerated safe schools laws, but no change over time for students in states with no laws and states with non-enumerated laws LGBT students in states with comprehensive safe school laws reported:

fewer homophobic remarks in school

lower levels of harassment and assault based on sexual orientation or gender expression than students in states with no law or in states with non-specific laws environmental characteristics associated with homophobic experiences at school: rural status, lower education level, and higher poverty levels those whose behaviors or mannerisms are gender atypical are most vulnerable to victimization and harassment at school negative school environments predict lower academic success for LGB youth LGBT-based harassment linked to poor academic achievement (GPA), attendance, and attitudes towards school at low levels of victimization, LGB youths’ behavioral and emotional health was similar to their non-LGB peers. students harassed or bullied based on LGBT status report greater psychological distress, depression, self harm, or suicide feelings and substance use LGBT students are at higher risk for at-school victimization and for health risk behaviors (substance use, sexual risk-taking and mental health) verbal abuse in high school is one of the strongest predictors of traumatic stress reactions for LGB youth (symptoms of depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances) over 80% of LGBT students reported being verballyharassed, over 40% reported being physically harassed, and over 20% reported being physically assaulted because of their sexual orientation. nearly 100% of LGBT students heard homophobic remarks in their school, and over 75% heard them frequently or often anti-gay language, verbal teasing, relational aggression, and physical aggression/bullying, are common for the majority of LGBTQ Studies since the 1990s have shown higher rates of harassment, exclusion, and assault experienced by LGBT youth in schools compared to heterosexual peers. heterosexual youth with at least one LG friend are less likely to tolerate un- fair treatment toward LG peers early adolescents are less accepting of same-sex attraction, and become more favorable as they mature LGBTQ youth are recognizing, labeling, and coming out as LGBTQ at younger ages and in greater numbers than before
role models
access to information
support about same-sex sexuality in communities and online risk behavior in LGBT youth can be linked to family dynamics, peer relationships, the school environment and community environments 7.5% of over 200,000 California students reported being bullied because they were (or were PERCEIVED to be) gay or lesbian The good news LGBT students report that school personnel are perpetrators of homophobic remarks in school—nearly two-thirds (63%) of the time Advocate for Safe School Laws LGBTQ students are more likely to disclose to school counselors than any other staff member 51% of high school counselors have been approached by students with sexual orientation issues and 21% of elementary school counselors! of school counselors reporting negative attitudes about homosexuality, none reported visits from students about sexual orientation issues. Self-Awareness Activity Think about some of the messages you received as a child, an adolescent, and an adult about LGBTQ individuals. covert? unnoticed? misunderstood? positive? negative? neutral? to what extent did you internalize those messages? to what extent do you agree/disagree with them? any stereotypes that could have formed during early experiences? DON'T FEEL GUILTY! provide a safe environment the coming out process can cause feelings of rejection, increased emotional distress, and risky behaviors other considerations offer support, don't assume help is needed model acceptance appreciate courage listen...then do more of that assure and keep confidentiality challenge traditional norms use inclusive language display symbols there are about 3 million LGBTQ youth between 10 and 20 years old FIN THANKS!
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