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This Fleeting World: Timeline

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Michael Noronha

on 30 August 2013

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Transcript of This Fleeting World: Timeline

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Big History: This Fleeting World
Modern human beings appear in Africa
300,000-200,000 BCE
Stone tool technology becomes more sophisticated
250,000 BCE
Humans begin spreading across Africa
200,000 BCE
Humans begin migrating out of Africa to Eurasia
100,000 BCE
Development of more sophisticated technologies accelerates
50,000 BCE
Australia is settled
50,000-40,000 BCE
The Prequel
The Big Bang
13.7 billion years ago
The universe appears
The first of all historical dates
First "phase change"
~13.67 billion years ago
The first atoms are formed
Energy released: "cosmic background radiation"
First stars are born
~13.5 billion years ago
Over time these stars gathered together as a result of the pull of gravity
First prokaryotes
3.5 billion years ago
Combination of chemicals forms first living organisms
One celled organisms called prokaryotes
The Era of Foragers
The first appearance of humans on Earth
The earliest humans were foragers
Out-of-Africa hypothesis: all modern humans descend from a few common ancestors (Africa is where humans evolved)
(Alternate) multiregional model: humans have gradually evolved over the last million years (humans evolved throughout the Afro-Eurasian landmass)
Humans used tools more effectively than other species
Tools previously changed very little over long periods of time- now new technologies suddenly replaced those previously used
Improved technology allowed early humans to move from the lands in which they had evolved
Some settled in locations outside of Africa, including southwest Asia and around the Eurasian landmass
The impacts of humans on the environment increased drastically
Large animals (megafauna) began to go extict
Technics such as fire-stick farming were utilized by humans to increase productivity
Humans make use of several new materials
Over the course of several thousand years, humans made their way to Australia
This migration is indicative of cultural acceleration
Siberia is settled

30,000 BCE
Migration to tundra indicative of improved technology allowing for migration to areas previously less hospitable
Tools such as the bow and arrow are invented
30,000 -20,000 BCE
Tools allowed for greater hunting ability in areas less optimal for foraging (where hunting was more necessary, such as the tundra)
The foraging era ends with the development of agriculture
10,000 BCE
Agriculture begins to replace the old foraging way of life, and over time this new lifestyle becomes dominant
The Agrarian Era
Humans begin to live in settled communities
13,000-11,000 BCE
Societies began to appear with agriculture as the most important of all productive technologies
Cattle are domesticated in the Sahara region of Africa
9,000-8,000 BCE
Grain, rice, crops are cultivated, etc.
8,000-7,000 BCE
Early evidence of systematic agriculture begins to appear
The domestication of cattle marks the beginnings of agriculture
The secondary products revolution takes place in parts of Afro-Eurasia
4,000 BCE
Secondary products of animals (those that can be attained without slaughtering the animal), began to be used around the world by humans
Cities and states appear in India, Pakistan, and northern China
2,500 BCE
Cities began to replace early villages as locations where people settled
Eurasian trade networks develop
2,000 BCE
Interaction via trade increased, increasing the exchange of goods over the Eurasian landmass
New cities and states emerge, population increases, and interregional trade networks develop
500 BCE - 1000 CE
Communication and interaction between regions around the world increased substantially from earlier times
All major world regions are linked through migration and trade
1,500 CE
Improved technologies allow from interaction between people from all over the world
Crucial role in the development of the modern world
Increased globalization
The agrarian era ends with the appearance and spread of industrialization
1,750 CE
Accumulation of people, resources, and information over the course of the agrarian era lead into the modern era
Modern era: another sharp acceleration of the pace of life leads to new human lifeways
The Modern World
Population begins to rapidly increase
1,750-2000 CE
Population increased dramatically compared to previous era, continuing at an increasinly high rate till the late 20th century
This brought about the concept of employment
Governments become more complex and organized than every before
1700s onward
Disparity between rich and poor peoples becomes more prominent
1700s onward
During the times of hunter-gathering, peoples did not accumulate large amounts of wealth and therefore such factors did not play a role in social standing- this changed during the modern era
Increasing population brought about the need for more complex forms of government
Premodern lifeways are gradually phased out/destroyed
1700s onward
By the end of the 20th century, very few foraging communities remained
Many groups of peoples have been forcibly converted into modern ways of life
Large amounts of traditions, etc. have declined
The Rise of Commercial Society
1700s onward
Population growth produced large markets- as a result of this specialization increased and labor became more productive than before
The quality of manufactured goods, etc. needed to improve in order to compete in a large market
Development as a global world
1700s onward
The linking of all areas of the world prompted technical improvement worldwide
Goods and ideas could now be exchanged at startling rates as compared to centuries before
Certain countries, namely Europe, played important roles in the globalization of the world
Revolution (Industrial, Cultural, etc)
1700s onward
Worldwide communication and spread of ideas lead to several instances of great change in the world. Included in such a category would be the industrial revolution, the democratic revolution, etc.
Though many of these revolutions were radically different, they were each enabled by the improvement of technology
Overly efficient exploitation of the environment
20th century onward
Technology has improved at such an alarming rate that we have begun to face the challenge of extinguishing limited resources. Such an issue will not be solved in the future, but is a warning of future struggle and danger that could be soon to come.
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