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The American Civil War
Transcript of The American Civil War
North: agriculture < manufactory and industry
South: agriculture > manufactory and industry
Growing abolitionist sentiment in the North = Fear that the existence of slavery was in danger (economy based on slavery)
1854: The Kansas-Nebraska Act -
-> conflicts between pro-slavery and anti-slavery -> Bleeding Kansas -> Civil War
Final straw* : Lincoln's election in November 1860 The Election of 1860 Secession North
felt like USA should be one country
War with part of their country ? allowing settlers of a territory to decide whether slavery would be allowed within a new state's borders * das Fass (endgültig) zum Überlaufen bringen Republican* Southern Democratic Democratic Constitutional Union How did Lincoln win the election in 1860?
The Democratic Party split -> votes split Abraham Lincoln John Bell John C. Breckinridge Stephen A. Douglas * Republicans and Democrats changed political view over the time. Republican party was just founded new president had to be of great knowledge
-> responsible of recovery of USA as a whole Abolitionist
considered to have been the best President South
hated Lincoln as president
December 1860 start of secession
1861: meeting in Alabama
-> formed Confederate States
-> "protected and recognized slavery"
their president: Jefferson Davis
States that seceded after the presidential election:
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana,
Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas 1861 1865 1863 1862 Battle of Fort Sumter
First battle of American Civil War First Battle of Bull Run
States that seceded after Fort Sumter:
North Carolina, Tennessee, . Battle of Antietam
1st Union victory
bloodiest day of war
more than 22,000 casualties 1863 Battle of Vicksburg
Grant* accepts surrender of the Confederates at this battle
significance: get the Mississippi River -> power over supplies
(Anaconda plan by Winfield Scott)
* Union leader Battle of Gettysburg
-> control over all United states government
most costly battle in American history
fought on the farms and hillsides
confederate leader's plan was defeated Emancipation Proclamation
issued on January 1, 1863
"that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious areas "are, and henceforward shall be free."
not all Americans were content with it
paved the way for equality "Sherman's March to the Sea"
Total war march
eliminated the Georgia's economic
Sherman telegraphed Abraham Lincoln:
"I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the City of Savannah, with one hundred and fifty guns and plenty of ammunition, also about twenty-five thousand bales of cotton." Surrender at Appomattox
army surrounded, his men weak and exhausted
-> Robert E. Lee surrender of his Army to General Grant.
meet on April 9, 1865, at the house of Wilmer McLean in the village of Appomattox Courthouse
conclusion: the bloodliest conflict in the nation's history neared its end The 13th Amendment
passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865
ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.
declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
Formally abolishing slavery Assassination of Lincoln
took place on Good Friday,April 14, 1865
was the first American president to be assassinated
five days after the surrender of the Confederates
planned, carried out by stage actor John Wilkes Booth Important events during the Civil War North South Slavery cultural, economic,
differences was mostly an agricultural society
Planters were also concerned that England might stop buying cotton if tariffs were added
believed that they had the power to declare any national law illegal Summary Differences That Divided A Nation should be abolished for moral reasons abolition of slavery would destroy their nation's economy mainly an urban society where people had jobs
was a manufacturing region and its people favored tariffs that protected factory owners and workers from foreign competition
believed that the national government's power was greater than that of the states Civil War Leaders Abraham Lincoln Robert E. Lee Jefferson Davis Ulysses S. Grant Frederick Douglass Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson 1st and last president of the
Confederate States of America was a skilled Confederate general from Virginia general of the Union army (North) that defeated Lee former slave who escaped to the North and became an abolitionist
leader of the Army of Northern Virginia (South)
was offered command of the Union forces at the beginning of the war but chose not to fight against Virginia
opposed seceding from the Union
urged Southerners to accept defeat President of the United States
opposed the spread of slavery
issued the Emancipation Proclamation
determined to preserve the Union
-> wrote the Gettysburg Address Gettysburg Address
speech by Lincoln, November 19, 1863
the Civil War was to preserve a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people"
The American Civil War
took place between the industrial northern states and the agricultural southern states
after the southern states said they wanted to leave the union and set up their own country
went to war
The north, with more men and material, won Families and friends -> against each other
Southern troops -> younger, more poorly equipped
South was devastated at the end of the war
Disease was a major killer
Women left to run businesses
Clara Barton created the American Red Cross
African American soldiers
fought in both Armies
were paid less Effects Comparision to the American Dream Civil War -> industrialization
"rags to riches" legend became a cornerstone of American society succeed and achieve wealth if they worked hard
Emancipation Proclamation, The 13th Amendment
equal rights for everyone " We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Sources:
history.com Thank you for your attention! Table of Contents Background Information
Election of 1860
Important Events during the civil war
Comparison to the American Dream
"Gone with the wind" - The movie Gettysburg Address