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Copy of Wuthering Heights Literary Analysis
Transcript of Copy of Wuthering Heights Literary Analysis
Heathcliffs education stripped away
Catherine gets injured (Bit by dog)
Hindley demands that Heathcliff and Catherine have no further contact
Catherine is taken in by the Lintons until she is healed -Catherine and Heathcliff's disappearence -Death of Mr. Earnshaw Main Events of Chpt. 5-8 -The Dinner with the Linton children Catherine compares Heathcliffs class to the those of the Linton children
Hindley locks Heathcliff in the attic; critizing his appearance
Catherine, appauled at Hindleys treatment towards Heathcliff, goes off to see him.
Heathcliff says he will gain revenge -Catherine's recovery at the Lintons Mrs. Linton teaches Catherine how to behave like a lady, with high class manners -Birth of Hareton (Summer of 1778) Frances death
Because of her death, Hindley began drinking heavily
Without care, gives Hareton to Nelly to take care of
Heathcliff finds pleasure in Hindleys misery
Edgar confesses his love to Catherine, and requests for consent to marry her Main characters within these chapters
Wuthering Heights centers around Heathcliff.
Nelly’s story begins with his introduction into the Earnshaw family; his vengeful machinations drive the entire plot, and his death ends the book.
The desire to understand him and his motivations has kept countless readers engaged in the novel.
Caused misery to both men who loved her.
Made readers angry and disappointed because of her choices.
She displayed prejudice. Windows
Used to keep the lower class out and the higher class in
Shown on page 46 when Heathcliff and Catherine went to spy on the Lintons at Thrushcross Grange
Shown on page 25 when the ghost of Catherine tried to enter Wuthering Heights
Born and raised a gentleman.
He is graceful, well-mannered, instilled with civilized virtues. These qualities cause Catherine to choose Edgar>Heathcliff, causing tension between both men.
Shows a matter of jealously within these chapters.
His apparent weakness is emotional pain and mourning.
“Young Earnshaw was altered considerably in the three years of his absence. He had grown sparer, and lost his colour” (Bronte, 44). This means that during his absence, he had gone through many changes and probably became a cold man.
After France's death, he began to drink heavily to not show any weakness to Heathcliff; If he appears weak, then Heathcliff will be able to see Hindley as a person with lower authority. Symbols Irony Social Class Writer has many tones including:
Romantic - Wuthering Heights as a Romantic Novel
Intimate- 1st person narration expresses thoughts and feelings
Lyrical- expresses inner feelings
Cynical - mocking, bitter, contemptuous
Contemplative - flashback, reflecting on memories
Awe - wonder at the actions
Shocking, disturbing - disgust for Heathcliff’s despicable actions
Ironic - many sources of irony
Morose - depressing, dark
Objective - narrators are objective as they do not influence opinion of the characters
Psychological - flashback
-The repetition of the particular sounds/consonants gave it a sound of being deep and full, which can even evoke or suggest images or emotions 1. Alliteration -One being a small reference but does not affect plot of the story.
An example would be when "Mr.Linton mixed a tumblr of negus" (Bronte, 49).
A negus = a hot drink made of wine mixed with water and spices.
Historical part is that the name "negus"derived from the name of its creater, Colonel Fancis Negus who first came up with the concoction in the 18th century. 3. Allusion Two types of allusions noticed; 2. Metaphors A large paragraph in chapter 7, page 55. contained many of the metaphors. It contained metaphorical lines said by Nelly to Heathcliff to get him to open up.
Nelly said "that couple of black fiends, so deeply buried, who never open their windows boldly, but lurk glinting under them like devil's spies" (Bronte, 55)?
Talks about his eyes, how he never seems to "open" their "windows". Windows relate back to Vincent's symbols.
Could also be related to the quote (not found in book) "our eyes are the windows to our soul".
In this context, Nelly says that he sees no beauty, but darkness. -"I hoped heartily we should have peace now" (Bronte, 40).
Emphasizes the word "hope", rather than writing "I hope we should have peace now".
-Other examples of alliteration,
"heaping heavies blame on the latter" (Bronte 41)
"suspected slights of his authority", (Bronte, 39)
Both alliterations give off a more deeper sense of emotion. -Second kind of allusion notice was the more major re-occuring references within the story.
Many references to tuberculosis:
For example, "he says she's been in a consumption these many months" (Bronte, 64)
Consumption was a name that time to describe pulmonary tuberculosis.
The name came from the impression that the disease was consuming the victim from the inside out.
Tuburculosis caused Frances' to death.
-Both examples shown were from our chapters. However there are many more allusions in the book.
Another allusion outside our chapters would be the description of Heathcliff's appearence, (beginning of book.)
He is described in connection with the devil. Edgar: Heathcliff: Catherine: Hindley: "Don't get the expression of a vicious cur that appears to know the kicks it gets are its desert, and yet hates all the world, as well as the kicker, for what is suffers."
Telling Heathcliff to get new perspective.
Don't think of life as if he were a vicious dog, thinking that it's deserted in the pain that he has recieved and hating the world for his sufferings
open his "windows"/eyes, take in the world around him and look at his friends as friends, not as foes. Frances: Wife of Hindley
Introduced on page 43, "he brought a wife with him."
Nelly thought of her as "half silly, from her behaviour."
She died after giving birth to Hindley's son Hareton in chapter 8, p. 63. Dogs Used for protection from people
-Shown on page 47 when Catherine was bit by Skulker
-Shown on page 7 when Lockwood gets bit by Heathcliff's dogs
-Shown on page 17 when Lockwood was accused of stealing the lantern by Joseph Catherine said "she would sing him to sleep" (Bronte, 42). Ironic because Catherine actually sang her father to sleep which is his death 1. Motifs - a recurring structure, idea, theme, contrast, and literary device that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.
- Doubles and Opposites
Heathcliff and Catherine -"he's more myself than I am. Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same" (Bronte 92)
Heathcliff and Hareton
Catherine and Cathy
Nelly and Mr. Lockwood
Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange
Plot I found it ironic that Frances also dislikes Heathcliff just like her husband Hindley. "A few words from her, evincing dislike to heathcliff, were enough to rouse in him all his old hatred of the boy." (Bronte, 44). 2. Setting It was ironic how Heathcliff said "well, i cried last night... and i had more reason to cry than she" (Bronte, 54) because Heathcliff doesn't look like a man who would cry. He was described as a "capital fellow"(Bronte, 1) by Lockwood, and capital fellows are people who are brave and usually are leaders. Themes - Pathetic fallacy
- Wuthering Heights
- Use of locked doors, gates, and windows
- Gothic elements
imprisonment Feminist theory of
Brother-Sister Relationship 3. Foreshadowing Hindely drove Heathcliff "from their company to the servants... and insisted that he labour out of doors instead... Cathy worked or played with Heathcliff in the fields"(Bronte. 44) during his breaks. They helped each other out as siblings. Heathcliff and Catherine “Ran away, and laughed at the thought of punishment, forgot everything the minute they were together again.”(Bronte. 45) They are happy together and they end up forgetting about their problems, just like siblings cheering each other up. Heathcliff said “I had Cathy by the hand.”(Bronte. 45) This shows the brother-sister relationship between Heathcliff and Catherine because siblings hold each other’s hands and when two people hold each other's hands, it shows that they are close. Heathcliff said “and I would have been there too, but they had not the manners to ask me to stay,”(Bronte. 48) This shows that Heathcliff worries about his sister,Catherine, while she stayed at the Linton’s. Only a brother would want to be with their sister when they are injured. The Linton's believed they were a higher class compared to Heathcliff by insulting him.
"A wicked boy [...] quite unfit for a decent house"(Bronte 49) Because Hindely was of a higher social class compared to Heathercliff he drove him "from their company to the servants... and insisted that he labour out of doors instead"(Bronte. 44) Another case of irony is when Heathcliff said "and had a chance of being as rich as he will be"(Bronte. 55) because Heathcliff does become as rich as Edgar is, when he grows up. Hindley " avoided offending"(Bronte. 65) Edgar because he believes that if his sister, Catherine, marries him. She will be in good hands, and he might benefit from his wealth. "Mr. Hindley came home to the funeral; and – a thing that amazed us, and set the neighbours gossiping right and left – he brought a wife with him. What she was, and where she was born, he never informed us: probably, she had neither money nor name to recommend her, or he would scarcely have kept the union from his father. (Bronte. 43) This means that his wife Frances is of a lower class, but she had won Hindley's love which allowed her to join the family. Revenge Heathcliff “contrived some naughty plan of revenge,”(Bronte. 45) to get back at Hindley for what he has done, and later on in the novel, Heathcliff does get his revenge by turning Hindley's son, Hareton, into a labourer. Hindely got his revenge on Heathercliff by driving him "from their company to the servants... and insisted that he labour out of doors instead"(Bronte. 44) He did this because he was jealous that his father loved Heathcliff more than he loved him. - a warning or indication of a future event
"He seized a tureen of hot applesauce, the first thing that came under his gripe, and dashed it full against the speaker's (Edgar) face" (Bronte 57) Tone Any Resolution of Conflict • Transition from classical value of the Earnshaw's and the Lintons to the wild untamed, extreme romantic values of the next generation (Cathy and Heathcliff) finally to the harmonious balance between the two contrasting values of romanticism and classism Romantism VS Classism -Exemplified through the setting of the two houses
-Romanticism emphasizes the agony and ecstasy of love, the raw emotion
-Wuthering Heights represents the romantic values of the novel, which is reflected in its unmannerly, undisciplined characters
-Classism emphasizes the order, control, and restraint within love
-Thrushcross Grange represents the classical values of the novel, which is represented in its structured, polite characters
-Balance must be sought between romantic extremes and classical boundaries "Mr.Hindley came home to the funeral; and - a thing that amazes us, and set the neighbours gossiping right and left - brought a wife with him. What she was, and where she was born, he never informed us. She had neither money nor name to recommend her, or he would scarcely have kept the union from his father (Bronte 43).
This means that his wife Francis is of a lower class, but she had won Hindley's love which allowed her to join the family.