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Mariah Rubin

on 21 March 2014

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Transcript of ETHICS

Glaucon discusses the nature and origin of justice, based on society.
He then offers that all men who practice justice do so, out of necessity, not as a good and not willingly.
Glaucon uses the Myth of Gyges to affirm his argument.
Mariah Rubin
Mariah Rubin
James Rachels
He challenges the belief that people always do what they want to do by discussing how we, humans, often do unpleasant tasks for future pleasures or feelings of obligation.
Rachels makes a clear distinction between selfishness and self-interest.
He examines the ethical egoist, those who believe that people ought to seek their own pleasure.
Aristotle believes that happiness is achieved through living virtuously.
Moral virtue, is the outcome of habit.
It is necessary that actions in accordance with virtue are done deliberately, done knowingly understanding the action and done in a moral state.
Moral virtue is a mean state; constantly aiming for the mean.
The mean is the characteristic of virtue, while, excess and deficiency are characteristics of vice.
The Dark Knight

The Dark Knight
The robbery scene shows how The Joker could be classified as an ethical egoist, according to James Rachels and how “all men believe that injustice is far more profitable to the individual than justice” according to Glaucon.
The dinner scene shows the virtue of Harvey Dent while discussing the virtue of The Batman, based on the definition by Aristotle.
The ferry scene shows that people are not always selfish and that we, sometimes, do things we don’t want to do for the sake of future pleasures.
Full transcript