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Transcript of Immigration
Where are most immigrants settling?
Top 5 states with largest immigrant population: California, New York, Florida, Texas, New Jersey What types of jobs are immigrants getting?
Nationally, the top three industries of immigrant workers aged 16 and older in 2007 were educational services and healthcare & social assistance; manufacturing; and arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services. What access do immigrants have to public and governmental services?
Issue is usually discussed in terms of legal and illegal immigrants
Illegal adult immigrants, regardless of whether they pay income taxes, generally cannot receive welfare or other social services beyond emergency medical care.
Illegal immigrant children are entitled to public education under Plyler v. Doe (1982). The issue becomes more complicated when it comes to higher education. Proposed Solutions Arizona Senate Bill 1070 “Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act.”
increases legislative penalties for illegal residents and anyone who knowingly transports, hires or gives shelter to illegal residents Among its other various provisions, SB1070 negatively affects relations between law enforcement officials and citizens and encourages racial profiling. Schumer/Graham immigration plan Other facets of their plan:
zero-tolerance policy for undocumented felons
increasing the Border Patrol's staffing and funding for infrastructure and technology
award green cards to immigrants who receive a PhD or master's degree in science, technology, engineering or math from a U.S. university Goal of their plan is to provide a rational legal immigration system to support future economic prosperity How well do immigrants feel they are assimilating to life in the U.S.?
71% of immigrants would still move to the U.S. if given that opportunity again.
Many immigrants still maintain close ties to their birth countries.
A significant number of immigrants came to the U.S. knowing little or no English but consider learning English vital to success.
Discrimination is a serious concern, but most immigrants report not experiencing it personally. The Immigrant Experience California: A Case Study in the American Immigrant Experience In 2008, California was ranked as having the largest immigrant population in the U.S., the highest percentage of immigrants among the total state population, and the largest numeric change in the immigrant population between 2000 and 2008. Compared to national immigration statistics: Figures related to California's immigrant population reflect national findings with regard to topics like education, English proficiency, citizenship status, and selected profession. The most significant discrepancies lie in the areas of income and employment. The majority of California's immigrant population is generally less educated and less wealthy than other populations nationwide. also known as gives state and local law enforcement and public agencies unprecedented discretion in determining the immigration status of ALL Arizona residents requires that a 'reasonable' attempt be made to determine the immigration status of a person during any legitimate contact made by an official or agency of the state, county, city, town or political subdivision
allows a law enforcement officer, without a warrant, to arrest a person if the officer has probable cause to believe that the person has committed any public offense that makes the person removable from the U.S. requiring biometric Social Security cards to ensure that illegal workers cannot be employed strengthening border security and interior enforcement creating a process for the admittance of temporary lower-skilled workers illegal immigrants that are already here will be required to vow that they broke the law, do community service and pay back fines and taxes, and become proficient in English For what reasons do people immigrate to America? better opportunities for employment to be reunited with family the prospect of a more secure way of life Policy Issues related to Immigration Security Job Market Public Services Education Taxation Population Density Labor Rights Immigration Reform Do the benefits outweigh the costs of the current situation regarding immigrants in the United States? Current Immigration Policy Department of Homeland
Security (DHS) •Responsible for providing immigration-related services and benefits such as naturalization
and work authorization enforcement
of federal immigration laws,
customs laws, and
air security laws.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration
The USCIS is responsible for the administration of immigration and naturalization
•adjudication of immigrant visa petitions;
•adjudication of naturalization applications;
•adjudication of asylum and refugee applications;
•adjudications performed at the service centers and all other adjudications
U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement (USICE) Largest investigative branch of the DHS., to more effectively enforce immigration and customs laws and to protect the United States against terrorist attacks. USICE is the agency that has authority over detention and removal of aliens.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
•The CBP joins together the Customs Inspector, the Immigration Inspector and the Agriculture Inspector at the nation's points of entry -- borders, airports, and seaports.while preventing terrorist and other criminal activity from entering the U.S. Citizenship Process Overview 2. The next step is to apply for US citizenship. US citizenship can be acquired by birth or by the process of naturalization. 1. After you have lived in the US as a permanent resident (a green card holder) for a certain number of years.. 3. The process of an immigrant becoming a US citizen is termed as ‘naturalization’. If you are not born in the US, you have to naturalize to become a US citizen. For those without a green card, deportation means indefinite separation from family members.
•For some convicted of certain crimes, deportation means permanent banishment from the United States.
•Permanent exile from the United States with no means of lawfully returning
•Ineligible to stop deportation.
•Unable to apply for other legal immigration status.
•Eligible to apply for asylum.
•Lawful permanent residence (green card).
Pursuing Citizenship Illegally: Key Players
•U.S. Immigration Policy contends that America has reaped tremendous benefits from opening its doors to immigrants, as well as to students, skilled employees and others who may only live in the country for shorter periods of time. But it warns that “the continued inability of the United States to develop and enforce a workable system of immigration laws threatens to undermine these achievements."
•Illegal immigration into the United States is massive in scale. More than 10 million undocumented aliens currently reside in the U.S., and that population is growing by 700,000 per year.
•The biggest problem that the U.S. faces on account of illegal immigrants is unemployment. Illegal immigrants compete with other American for jobs. These immigrants are ready to do undesirable and hard jobs at very low wages. As a result the illegal immigrants are in great demand by employers who are looking for cheap labor.
•Another big problem presented by illegal immigration is security. Our Borders are dangerously unsecure and this poses a threat to our national security as a whole.
•Illegal aliens also do not pay taxes yet many times they benefit from public services such as public schools and this often creates conflict with the U.S. citizens who pay taxes and whose kids attend the same school.
•The big issue here and what Is affecting policy makers is the idea of immigration reform. Do the benefits outweigh the costs of illegal aliens?
Pressing issues in immigration? Why do illegial aliens come to America?
•Better opportunity for work
•To be with their family
•To escape dangerous situations such as the drug war in Mexico
Where are the majority of today’s immigrants coming from, and
what are their educational, professional, and socioeconomic backgrounds? •A record 1,046,539 persons were naturalized as U.S. citizens in 2008. The leading countries of birth of the new citizens were Mexico, India and the Philippines.
•Immigrant children have historically been greatly affected by cultural misunderstanding, language barriers, and feelings of isolation within the school atmosphere. Children maintain their native tongue which can leave them feeling disadvantaged within English speaking schools.
• Most immigrants today are unskilled and have not attended college. They usually come to escape poverty and bad living conditions.
Who are the stakeholders and affected
parties in the policy area of immigration? •The Democratic Party is considered to be in a far stronger position among immigrants overall
•Business owners who rely on the source of cheap labor
•Families who want to bring their families here
•American citizens who are losing their jobs to cheap labor force
•U.S Immigration and Customs Enforcement (USICE)
•U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
•U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
•Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
Goals of Immigrants? •The goals of most immigrants is to get their family’s to the United States in a process that does not take up to ten years.
•Ultimately this results to illegal immigration by those who cannot wait that long (up to ten years)
•Some ways that immigrants fight the current policy and process to immigrate is through organizations that fight to reform immigration.
Some Stakeholders in Immigration Policy Hate Free Zone Minute Men groups National Council of La Raza Center for Community Change Northwest Immigrant Rights Project National Immigration Law Center CHIRLA: Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles American Immigration Control Foundation California Coalition for Immigration Reform Federation for American Immigration Reform Anti Immigration Reform Pro-Immigration Reform In closing.... Special thanks to:
Washington Post Online
State of Arizona Website
Center For Immigration Studies
A place to call home: What immigrants say now about life in America by Public Agenda
Immigrants in the United States by S.A. Camarota