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Greek Mythology and Christianity: A Comparison
Transcript of Greek Mythology and Christianity: A Comparison
Analyzing it through case study such as this is key to unlocking the answer.
Greek Mythology and Christianity: A Comparison
-starts around 30 CE by Jesus' apostles (almost immediately after Jesus' death)
-believed in one God and in the Holy Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)
-believed Jesus was/is the Son of God and was born of the Virgin Mary (Our Father is the creed)
-Jesus was without sin, preached the word of God and fulfilled ancient scripture by dying, being sealed in the tombs and resurrecting from the dead 3 days later
-multiple versions of Christianity that worship Jesus and God slightly differently (most popular is Roman Catholic)
Background Information: Christianity
-began roughly around 3500 BCE
-believed in many gods but confined mainly to the twelve Olympians
-had children with mortals and non-mortals alike to birth both heroes and villians
-believed father of the Olympians, Cronus, ate his children except Zeus. Cronus' mother Gaia, kept Zeus safe until he was old enough to slice up his father and cast his remains into Tartarus
-people prayed to different gods for different things
1.Number of gods
2.god(s) connection to their/its worshippers
Similarities & Differences
Number of gods
God(s) connection to its followers
Greeks worshipped the 12 Olympian gods (Zeus, Poseidon, Hades) for the most important things while praying to lesser gods for more daily trivial matters.
Christianity is monotheistic with followers worshipping one God in the form on the Holy Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) and prayed to one God (Yahweh) for everything.
Greek life was heavily involved in religion and every possible problem had a god/goddess to pray to. These myths were created to shed light on the mysteries of the world that people had a difficult time understanding. (Weather, death, reproduction)
At the conception of the religion up until recently, religion was the focal point of society and was an essential part of life to all Christians . Taken a step down in importance as a whole for the average Christian.
Once a person had died, they were taken by boat across the River Styx and Acheron by Charon the gatekeeper. Those without payment would be left to wander the shores and never rest in peace. After crossing, the dead were sorted into either the Fields of Punishment, Asphodel, or Elysium.
Coming after Jesus' death, all people who wanted to and truly accepted God as their saviour were allowed into Heaven for an afterlife of eternal bliss with lost loved ones. If not, supposedly, there is Hell, a place similar to the Fields of Punishment where people burn for all eternity.
Though status of women varied from city-state to city-state, they were below men all over Greece. They were seen by men as prizes to be won like spoils of war (War of Troy). All the famous heroes were men and all of the most important major gods were male. Society where men tried to dominate something they did not understand. Women.
Even though there was an objectifying view on women in Jesus' time, He spread words of equality to everyone who would listen and attempted to remove the shackles that bound women to the patriarchal system of male dominance.
Born from Chaos were Gaia or "Mother Earth", Ouranos, the embodiment of the sky and the heavens, as well as Tarturus, god of the void and terrible region between the Earth. Gaia and Ouranos wed and gave birth to the Titans, a race of formidable Giants which included "King Of The Titans" and father of the gods, Cronus.
God created the Earth in six days and rested on the seventh (Sabbath), making different worldly things each day (animals, Day and night, etc.). Made woman out of bone and let them rule. Satan tricked them into eating Forbidden Fruit.
Can you see any other similarities or differences between the two faiths?
Do you think all religions have common elements? If so, what are they?
Anything else you would like to know about the topic that I have or have not previously covered?
Though neither religion is perfect, there are
obvious areas where religious truth conveys itself,
both through stories and teachings, to enrich its
followers into a spiritually fulfilling life. The flaws
they do possess simply leaves gaps to be filled in
by the follower. By using the mind to critically
think about and interpret what is trying to be said
in ancient scripture is an essential part of religion.