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Natural Gas

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nina cheranda

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Natural Gas

Natural Gas
The End
Nina Cheranda
Amber Perez
POE Period 6
10/1/13
What is it?

- Vital energy source in the world
- A fossil fuel (non-renewable)
- Highly flammable
- Abundant in America
- Provides a lot of energy with few
emissions when burned


Properties & Composition
- A combustible mixture of hydrocarbons
- Mainly methane
- Includes ethane, propane, butane, and pentane
- Is colorless, shapeless, and odorless
- Measured volume in cubic feet or as a source of
energy in Btus.

How does it form?
- Remains of plants, animals, and other
microorganisms
- Millions of millions of years old
- Buried under layers of sediment
- Exposed to extreme pressure and
temperatures
- Coal, petroleum oil, and natural gas.

How we harvest it?
- Located with seismic surveys
- Obtained through fracking
- Transported through pipes


History
Natural gas project:
- is millions and millions of years old.
- methods for obtaining gas were brought recently
- the root of much myth and superstition.
- most famous flames found in ancient Greece
on Mount Parnassus approximately 1000 B.C.
- Britain: first country to commercialize natural gas
- first brought to the United States in 1816
- William Hart: considered father of natural gas


www.shwe.org
Fun Facts

- Used to make salt in China, 200 B.C
- Lighter than air
- Root of many myths and superstitions
- Britain: first to commercialize natural gas
- Brought to the United States in 1816




www.green-planet-solar-energy.com
www.goodwinsustainabledevelopment.com
- Refined in processing plants
- Stored underground
- Distributed through pipeline
network
www.propublica.org
- Found with seismic survey
- Extracted by drilling
- Travel through pipes
Sources
"Natural Gas." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, 30 Apr. 2013. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.
<http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-and-you/affect/natural-gas.html>.

"Natural Gas." Institute for Energy Research. Institute for Energy Research, n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013. <http://
www.instituteforenergyresearch.org/energy-overview/natural-gas/>.

"NaturalGas." Natural Gas. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2013.
<http://www.naturalgas.org/overview/overview.asp>.

"Natural Gas a Safer Option." Goodwin Sustainable Development. Goodwin Proctar, 15 Mar. 2011. Web. 24 Sept.
2013. <http://www.goodwinsustainabledevelopment.com/blog/sustainable-development/natural-gas-a-safer-option-after-japan-and-gulf-disasters>.

"Natural Gas Pipeline." Shwe Gas Movement RSS. N.p., 14 May 2012. Web. 29 Sept. 2013. <http:/
www.shwe.org/leak-of-natural-gas-pipeline-repaired-in-time/>.

"Fossil Fuel Formation: Oil and Natural Gas." Green Planet Solar Energy. N.p., 2 July 2012. Web. 29 Sept. 2013.
<http://www.green-planet-solar-energy.com/fossil-fuel-formation.html>.








Emerging Technology
- 3D and 4D seismic imaging
- Fracking:
Slimhole
Hydraulic
CO2 sand
- Coiled tubing
- Natural gas fuel cell
www.naturalgas.org
www.mapwatt.com
Pros
Cons
- Produces 21% of the
worlds power
- Produces little residue
- No waste
- Cleanest fossil fuel
- Currently inexpensive
and abundant

- Non-renewable resource
- Greenhouse gases: CO2
and methane
- Requires pipelines
- Highly flammable
- Drilling dangers

www.instituteforenergyresearch.com
Full transcript