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Haiti - Tourism Development Paln

A critique analysis of Haiti Tourism Potential

Sam Swann

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Haiti - Tourism Development Paln

Contemporary Issues
Assignment 2
Presentation Is Haiti a viable tourism destination? Presentation
Purpose http://maps.worldbank.org/lac/haiti#&location WHAT do you know about
HAITI? Negative Impacts Poverty

80% of haitians live below the poverty line

one of the poorest countries in the World * Stats from UNDP.org 2011 rankings Violence Gangs Kidnapping Political Sam Swann & James Kent Social Inequalities • Poor Transport System

• Lack of medical facilities

• Poor Economy

• Lack of electrical power or alternative energy History and Facts Haiti factfile

Capital Port-au-Prince

Population* 9,801,000

Life expectancy* 62 years

Literacy* 52.9%

Unemployment rate (% of labour force without jobs)* 40.6%

Population below poverty line* 80%

Human Development Index* 158

* Stats from UNDP.org 2011 rankings Education Political Earthquake The Haiti you don't see Culture History Beaches Food and Music Haiti's richest 1% own nearly half the country's wealth.

Haiti consistently ranked among the most corrupt countries in the world on the Corruption Perceptions Index

Dictators took $504 million from the Haitian public treasury between 1971 and 1986.
(BBC News - [online]) Rich Diverse Voodoo Colourful Untouched White Sands Caribbean Climate Slave's Revolt Taino Indians Columbus World Heritage Sites To investigate the feasibility of Haiti’s new tourism development plan, and critically analyse the factors impeding Haiti's development. Tourism Development Plan Plan of Action (HRI) Sustainable Development Solutions Jacmel Labadee, The Mission: long-term regeneration of Haiti.

Undertaking four immense, individual but closely interlinked challenges:

• Post-earthquake recovery and reconstruction
• Sustained economic and social development
• Environmental stabilization and restoration
• Building resilience against future hurricanes, floods and earthquakes and economic shocks. The Haiti Regeneration Initiative (SDS) (CSI) The Côte Sud Initiative Port-à-Piment Millennium Village New Livelihoods: The Millennium Village Project in Port-à-Piment is situated in a region with rich natural resources, including Grotte Marie Jeanne, one of the largest cave systems in the Caribbean.

AIM: To reduce poverty for residents of Port-à-Piment A Government and UN Environment Programme.

Currently has 11 confirmed partners; Government of Haiti - Ministry of Planning and External Cooperation
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

The Haiti Reconstruction Fund
The Government of Norway

United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
The Earth Institute at Columbia University
Catholic Relief Services (CRS)
Organization for the Rehabilitation of the Environment (ORE)
The Nature Conservancy (TNC)
EarthSpark (ES)
Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF) Haiti 2040 A research and policy support component of the Haiti Regeneration Initiative. Focuses on guiding and catalysing sustainable development over the next 30 years. Is a UN Environmental Program (UNEP) -

It acts as a support mechanism and web-based showcase for projects, approaches, technologies, and organizations. Political instability can cause ills (i.e. terrorism, international/region civil wars, ethnic cleansing, military coups, riots) threatening the safety of locals, tourists and the surrounding regions (Hall and O’Sullivan 1996) Haiti has suffered from political unrest and violence that has economic sanctions, further exacerbating the islands economic situation (Wilkson 1997) 75% of Haitians earn less than a $1 a day http://maps.worldbank.org/lac/haiti#&location Historic city Dates from 1698. Long tradition of culture, arts and music Contrast of Destinations Labadee The Current Industry The Potential Industry Photo's sourced from- www.tripadvisor.com www.mvmtravel.com www.royalcaribbean.com www.tumblr.com photo's sourced- nytimes.com photo's sourced- nytimes.com photo's sourced- nytimes.com photo's sourced- www.haitilibre.com/ www.haiti-si-eu examiner.com VS WHAT WOULD YOU PREFER? Unauthentic or Authentic According to UNWTO, the World Tourist Organization, tourists are increasingly looking for atmospheric, lively cultural experiences (UNWTO, 2008) Tourists demand intangible cultural heritage (Smith and Robinson, 2006) TripAdvisor Travellers' Score

Review of Haiti Hotels

Overall rating 4.5 out of 5

Value 4

Comfort 5

Convenience 4.5 http://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Hotels-g147306-Haiti-Hotels.html Currently 45 Hotels,
55 B&B's, 18 Lodges & 2 holiday rental's registered on TripAdvisor Go Now!! Haiti is a fragile state influenced by extreme poverty, a weak government, high natural disaster risk, and severe environmental degradation (Murray and Bannister 2004; ICG 2009, Fisher and Levy, 2011). References BBC News (2006). Haiti tops World Curruption Table. 6/11/2006. [online] [viewed 23/11/2012] available at:http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/6120522.stm

Cavan, E.,(2011). Haiti. New Internationalist, Vol. 443, p.32

Collier, P., & Warnholz, J. L. (2010). Building Haiti’s Economy, One Mango at a Time. New York Times, 28, 331.

Comfort, L. K., McAdoo, B., Sweeney, P., Stebbins, S., Siciliano, M. D., Huggins, L. J., ... & Krenitsky, N. (2011). Transition from Response to Recovery: A Knowledge Commons to Support Decision Making Following the 12 January 2010 Haiti Earthquake. Earthquake Spectra, 27(S1), 411-430.

Dowell, S., Tappero, J., Friedmen, T., (201)1. Public Health in Haiti — Challenges and Progress. The New England Journal of World Medicine, Vol. 346, pp 300-301

Fischer, A., & Levy, M. A. (2011). Designing environmental restoration programs in politically fragile states: Lessons from Haiti. Harnessing natural resources for peacebuilding: Lessons from US and Japanese assistance.

Fouron, G. (2012). Poverty in Haiti: Essays on Underdevelopment and Post Disaster Prospects. Journal of Development Studies, 48(4), 581-582.

Haiti Regeneration Initiative. (2011). The (HRI), [online] [viewed 17/11/2012] available at: www.haitiregeneration.org/.../HRI%20brochure%2014Sep2011%20

Haiti Regeneration Initiative.(n.d). Sustainable Development Solutions. [online][viewed 23/11/2012]available at: www.haitiregeneration.org/sds

Haiti Regeneration Initiative.(n.d). What is the HRI.[online][viewed 23/11/2012]available at: http://www.haitiregeneration.org/hri_whatis

HRF (Haiti Reconstruction Fund). 2010. CN145-Natural disaster mitigation in the South Department. September 17. [online] [viewed 23/11/2012] available at: www.haitireconstructionfund.org/hrf/sites/haitireconstructionfund.org/files/CN145%20%20-Natural%20disaster%20mitigation%20in%20the%20South

ICG (International Crisis Group). (2009). Haiti: Saving the environment, preventing instability and conflict. Latin American and Caribbean Briefing Number 20. Port-au-Prince and Brussels. April 28.

IHRC (Interim Haiti Recovery Commission). (2010). Strategic plan for the remainder of
the IHRC’S mandate. December 14. [online] [viewed 24/11/2012] available at: www.cirh.ht/sites/ihrc/en/goals/Pages/default.aspx.

IHSI (Haitian Institute of Statistics and Information). (2009). Population totale, population
de 18 ans et plus, menages et densites estimes en 2009. Port-au-Prince: Institut Haïtien
de Statistique et d’Informatique.

Jackson, R., 2004. Beyond the Tourist Bubble?: Cruiseship Passengers in Port. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 31 (1), pp 4-60

Kanter, A. S., Negin, J., Olayo, B., Bukachi, F., Johnson, E., & Sachs, S. E. (2009). Millennium global village-net: Bringing together Millennium Villages throughout sub-Saharan Africa. international journal of medical informatics, 78(12), 802-807.

Kolbe, A. R., Hutson, R., 2006. Human rights abuse and other criminal violations in Port-au-Prince, Haiti: a random survey of households. The Lancet, Vol. 368 (9538), pp 864-873

Murray, G. F., and M. E. Bannister. (2004). Peasants, agroforesters, and anthropologists:
A 20-year venture in income-generating trees and hedgerows in Haiti. Agroforestry
Systems 61:383–397.

Nolan, C., 2011. Haiti, violated. World Policy Journal, Vol. 28 (1), p. 93

Orenstein, C.,2007. Fantasy Island: Royal Caribbean Parcels of Haiti. The Progressive, Vol. 61 (8), pp 28-31

Padgett, A., Warnecke, T., 2011. Diamonds in the rubble: the women of Haiti institutions, gender equity and human development in Haiti. Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 45 (3), p. 527

Pape, J. W., Johnson, W. D., Fitzgerald, D. W., 2010. The Earthquake in Haiti- Dispatch from Port-au-Prince. New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 362, pp 575- 577

Powell, A., Cavallo, E., Becerra, O., 2010. Estimating the Direct Economic Damages of the Earthquake in Haiti. The Economic Journal, Vol. 120 (546), pp 298-312.

Salmia, J., 2000. Equity and Quality in Private Education: The Haitian paradox. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, Vol. 30 (2) pp 163-173

Silva, M. (2011). Island in Distress: State Failure in Haiti. Fla. J. Int'l L., 23, 49.

Smith, M. K. and Robinson, M. (2006). Cultural Tourism in a Changing World: Politics, Participation and (Re) presentation. London, Channel View Publications.

Turgeon, L., & Divers, M. (2011). Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Rebuilding of Jacmel and Haiti Jakmèl kenbe la, se fòs peyi a! 1. Museum International, 62(4), 106-115
Turgeon, L. and Forget, C. (2009). Les enjeux du patrimoine culturel immaterial. Laurier Turgeon (ed.), Rapport de la mission canadienne sur la sauvegarde et la mise en valeur du centre historique de Jacmel, prepared for the Haitian Ministry of Culture and Communications.

UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). (2010). Haiti 1 year later. December.[online][viewed 23/11/2012] available at:

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). (2010). Haiti regeneration initiative: Study
of lessons learned in managing environmental projects in Haiti. [online] [viewed 22/11/2012] available at: http://haitiregeneration.org/sites/default/files/Final_lessons_learned.pdf.

World Bank. (2010). World development indicators. Washington, D.C. 2011. Haiti. [online] [viewed 23/11/2012] available at: http://data.worldbank.org/country/haiti.
World Tourist Organization. (2008). Tourisme, Panorama 2020. The Tourism Survey Panorama 2020 (WTO 1998).

Zehr, Mary Ann. "Educators Move to Help Quake Victims; Communities with Haitian ties organize aid drives." Education Week 20 Jan. 2010: 4. Academic OneFile. Web. 1 Dec. 2012. How would you market Haiti? Haiti's turbulent history has been filled with serious challenges... national development, politics, economy and recurring natural disasters
(Silva, 2011: i) Haiti is a 'failed state'
(Fouron, 2012: 582) To Conclude Haiti is by far the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. (Coller & Warnholz, 2010: 1)

It has the climate, heritage and intangible culture to attract tourists, but it is in urgent need of development.

Haitians need jobs they can count on for years ahead. (Coller & Warnholz, 2010: 1)

However it is difficult to calculate whether tourism can help Haiti develop or will tourist's not go until Haiti is developed Tortuga Re-establish the historical relevance Comodify it's culture Creating a central tourist hub Provide a sustainable socio-economic system
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