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Copy of The Star-Spangled Banner
Transcript of Copy of The Star-Spangled Banner
Star-Spangled Banner Means? The original "Star-Spangled Banner" used at the battle of Fort McHenry, during the War of 1812. During the War of 1812, Frances Scott Key, a young American lawyer and poet, boarded a British frigate (ship) as the British troops bombarded Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland. Francis Scott Key Key went aboard the ship under a flag of
truce. He was trying to arrange for the
release of a prisoner held by the British. The
British kept Key on board during the attack. Battle of Fort McHenry USS Chesapeake "We were like pidgeons, tied up by our legs to be shot at."
- a soldier's account at Fort McHenry As Key watched the attack, he was so moved with emotion that he wrote a poem about the experience. He called the poem "Defense at Fort McHenry." The poem was printed in a handbill, and then it was printed in a Baltimore newspaper. Because of printing it in the newspapers, it was widely circulated, and the popularity of the poem increased dramatically as a result. It was quickly published in other newspapers in the Baltimore area, and grew from there. The Melody... People began singing the poem to the tune of a well-known drinking song by Englishman, John Stafford Smith. Eventually the poem with the music was published under the title, "The Star-Spangled Banner." It became very popular. On March 3, 1931, Congress made the song our official national anthem. While most Americans love the song and sing it frequently at sporting events and other occasions, some people have criticized it. They say the song is too difficult for most people to sing.
The song begins in a relatively easy range, but then later moves to higher notes, which many people are unable to sing. Many of these critics feel that the national anthem of the United States should be "America the Beautiful." http://americanhistory.si.edu/starspangledbanner/mp3/song.ssb.dsl.mp3 The Burning of Washington August of 1814 was one of the hottest summers ever recorded in the 1800's
4,000 British soldiers marched into our country's new capitol
Residents fled the city as the British soldiers approached
Dolley Madison, the first Lady, fled the White House and saved a portrait of George Washington before the British arrived
The British reached the city and destroyed all public buildings, setting the new capitol on fire
This became known as the "Sacking of Washington" The American Flag not only a representation of our country, but a powerful symbol of who we are. Uncle Sam has been an American symbol since the War of 1812. Samuel Wilson of Troy, New York, was actually the person who caused Uncle Sam to be created. During the war, Wilson had a contract to supply federal troops with salt beef, which was shipped in wooden casks. The casks were stamped with a large “U.S.” that stood for “United States.” The soldiers who received this salted beef joked that the “U.S” meant it was from “Uncle Sam,” which came to be a catchphrase for the federal government. We still use this catchphrase today. A vital sea port
Fort McHenry protected the city's harbor in Baltimore, Maryland "Every American heart is bursting with shame and indignation at the catastrophe."
-Baltimore resident, watching the capitol burn Dolley Madison
saved important documents, and a famous portrait of George Washington just hours before the British attacked Did you know?
The White House was
originally called the President's House, or the
Executive House. The focal point of the National Mall, the Washington Monument is the background for concerts and fireworks and dominates the capitol's skyline. Completed on December 6, 1884, the 555-foot Egyptian obelisk is topped with a 3,300-pound marble capstone and a 9-inch pyramid of cast aluminum. The Washington Monument This proud structure located in Wasington, D.C. was constructed as a tribute to George Washington's military leadership and service as the first President of the United States. The White House Front Back The White House, one of the most recognizable buildings in the world, is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, D.C. George Washington commisioned the building but never lived in the house. Interestingly, Thomas Jefferson submitted two designs for the house under a psuedonym (fake name), but neither were accepted. The White House survived a fire at the hands of the British in 1814 during the War of 1812. The flames
were eventually put out by a summer thunderstorm. The White House is a symbol of the Presidency. Mount Rushmore " The purpose of the memorial is to communicate the founding, expansion, preservation, and unification of the United States with colossal statues of [Presidents] Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt."
Gutzon Borglum, American artist and sculptor famous for creating the monument. Located in Black Hills, South Dakota WHY DID THE BRITISH CHOOSE BALTIMORE? On July 20, 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first man to ever walk on the surface of the moon. Review Questions: 1. Who wrote the poem that later became our National anthem? 3. In 1814, what happened to the White House? Who was responsible?
4. What do the following American Symbols stand for:
The Washington Monument?
The White House?
Mount Rushmore? 2. What do the words in "The Star Spangled Banner" mean to you? Name places/ events where it is traditionally sung. * We will be taking a closer look at Mount Rushmore in tomorrows lesson. In other words, the monument represents our nation's growth and progress while remembering our history and those who have been great leaders. These things unite us all as citizens of the United States of America.