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Archaic Indians

Welcome to our Archaic Indian Prezi
by

Kage Bargeron

on 27 August 2013

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Transcript of Archaic Indians

Cultural Issues and Religon
Kage Bargeron
Weapons and Tools
Murphy Stark
Archaic Indians
Kage Bargeron
Dylin Hardeman
Kaleigh Killeen
Justin Magers
Murphy Stark
Alex Steinbach
Food Sources
Murphy Stark
The Archaic Indians were much like their predecessors in terms of how the gathered their food. This means that both the Paleo Indians and the Archaic Indians were hunters/gatherers, although the Archaic Indians were less nomadic. They ate a variety of foods, but since all of the big game from the Paleo Period had died out because of the end of the Ice Age, they ate smaller game, such as white-tailed dear, black bear, turkey, and smaller mammals like squirrels, rodents, and rabbits. Some of the more "green" things the Archaic Indians ate were different varieties of nuts, fruit, berries, roots, seeds, grasses, and tubers.
Crow Canyon Archaeological Center
2011 Peoples of the Mesa Verde Region
http://www.crowcanyon.org/peoplesmesaverde.

Peoples of the Mesa Verde Region. Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, n.d. Web.
21 Aug. 2013. <http://www.crowcanyon.org/EducationProducts/
peoples_mesa_verde/archaic_food.asp>.

Peoples of the Mesa Verde Region. Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, n.d. Web.
21 Aug. 2013. <http://www.crowcanyon.org/EducationProducts/
peoples_mesa_verde/archaic_artifacts.asp>
.

National Geographic. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 22 Aug. 2013.
<http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/
white-tailed-deer/>.

New Georgia Encyclopedia. N.p., 22 Mar. 2013. Web. 21 Aug. 2013.
<http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/
archaic-period-overview>. Note- Date of e-publication is when it was
last updated by NGE staff. Original publication was 8-8-2002.

Williams, Mark . "Indian Projectile Points." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 13 February 2013. Web. 21 August 2013.

Archaic Inians of the Lower Pecos
http://archaicindians.net/Web%20Pages/More%20Web%20Pages/shelterliferevised.html

http://www.cabrillo.edu/~crsmith/anth7_archaic.html

http://www.ourgeorgiahistory.com/history101/gahistory01.html

http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/archaic-period-overview
Picture courtesy of Crow Canyon Archaeological Center
Picture courtesy of National Geographic.
Shelter
Kage Bargeron
Thanks for Watching!
Bye!

Bibliography
In the Archaic time period, the people were still mostly nomadic. Over time, they started to build stronger and more permanent homes. Before when houses weren't permanent, the houses were leaned tipi-style around a shallow portion in the ground and covered with brush and daub. Later, housing was discovered where in replacement of poles were huge logs to keep the shelter sturdy for a longer period of time.
Previous Shelters looked like the one shown above.
By:
Living Conditions
By: Dylin Hardeman
Archeological Evidence in Georgia
Kaleigh Killeen
Alex Steinbach
Most Archaic Indians were part of a religion called Animism. Animism is where every object and animal has a spirit. Similar to other cultures it is polytheistic. It claims that if you want a good harvest you would praise the Spirit of the Harvest, etc.
the Archaic indians were nomads
they lived in rock houses
some were formed by erosion
they used earth ovens woven from fibers to cook
they're shelters provide protection, warmth,and stability
one side of the shelter is open so warm and cold air could still get it
they also painted the walls of the shelters, for decoration and tribal use
the Archaic Indians buried their loved ones and archeologists have found mummies and skeletons of past people
after the ice age the growing season became longer
While the Archaic Indians were adapting and trying to learn how to catch and eat new food, they were also adapting their weapons and tools for the new food. One of the biggest inventions in the time of the Archaic Indians was the atalatl. The atlatl was a device that was used for throwing spears farther. You would attach a hook to the butt of the spear, which were much like the Paleo spears, and hold the spear between two fingers with a loop. You aim the spear where you wanted it to go, and would throw it as hard as you could in that direction. Many new styles of spear points were made in this time period, smaller than the Paleo's were, mainly because they were hunting smaller animals. Some basic tools used during this time were stone axes, pottery, stone drills, and knives were all common.
Early: From 10,000B.C. - 8,000B.C. At That time Georgia was fill with oak hickory hardwood trees and that was a important resource for them because they used it for weapons and housing. Archaic were hunter gatherers was a big part for them in the beginning. There living conditions were small because they never stayed in the same spot. They had to make different types of spear points out of different type of stone edges. They used these different type of spear points for different animals. After there done getting all of the meat of the animal they had people called scrapers that collected the scrap from animals using there skin and bones for clothes, tools, and weapons. They would hunt Bison, Mastodons, Mammoths, White tail deer and the fishing for shell fish and also collected nuts, roots, fruits, seeds, and berries. They were in coastal plain region and moving to Florida.
Leader, Shelter,
Living Conditions
Archaeological Evidence In Georgia
Cultural Issues and Religion
Food Sources, Weapons and Tools
Time Frame
Time Frame
Artifacts like arrowheads from Dade and Murray county were found in 1969.
In Augusta and near the Savannah River there had been found flaked micro-blades, which are the oldest tools known to North America.
Large stone knives, darts, spear points, and cooking slabs made of soapstone from 5,000-3,000 years ago were found in the upper Savannah River.
many clues found recently suggest that the Archaic Indians had a great evolution in cooking technology.

Middle: 8,000 B.C. - 5,000 B.C. Changing in climate conditions. It was starting to become drier and warmer. They started moving north they were in the Piedmont region and in Tennessee, and Kentucky. More of the pine trees started to expand more oak hickory were disappearing. Population to started increase started moving in bigger groups. They made flake tools and ground stone tools for gardening and they were a lot of help when they were growing plants. They didn't traveled to any of the lower parts of the region. They hunted Bison, Mammoths, and white tail deer, fished for shell fish. Also started to grow there own food.
The picture above would represent the Spirits of animals and plants and the indian's would wear them in their rituals.
Late: 5,000B.C.- 3,000 B.C. Native societies started growing. People traveled long distance for resources and exotic trades. Built more permanent made little towns. Started to be more progressive with there weapons, pottery, and cooking technology. Made Knives, blow darts, Spear points, soapstone, tool kits, grooved stone axes, oval pit houses, and stone drills. Soap stone was a big help to Archaic Indians helped them made pottery and cooking utensils. Started live near rivers for a longer water sources and for farming. They hunted White tail deer and bears, and fished for shell fish and Grew a lot of the vegetables. Traded along the Mississippi river and through the Florida keys.
JK! Cake Time
Achievement Get: The cake is a lie.
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