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Transcript of 1920's-1930's Timeline
The dirty 1930's
Although the telephone was invented in 1837, it was not a common household appliance until the 1920's. People were amazed that they could talk to someone without being in the same room as them. But in the 1920's, many people shared a single phone line, so it was very easy to eavesdrop on a conversation. This was known as "rubbernecking," which was very entertaining for many people.
The telephone brought people brought people together. This idea revolutionized the technology world and influenced the television and the radio. It helped keep people connected to the outside world.
In the 1920's, the automobile changed how people lived. Men had a variety of work options because now they could drive and go to other cities for work instead of walking. The automobile opened up many opportunities for the people who had them.
Women In The Workforce
After World War 1 started, the majority of men who were capable of working either joined the war or were sent off to war. They left behind their jobs, but there was no one to do them, except the women. Once they started working, many of them enjoyed actually doing something other than being a wife and did not want to quit, even after the men came back. They enjoyed their independence and kept their jobs. In 1922, women also won the right to vote. These two things are part of a chain of events that lead to the persons case.
Change in women's fashion
Before women began working and voting, the clothes they wore were very constricting. It was frowned upon for a women to show skin. But after they had some independence, they decided to start wearing more comfortable and revealing clothing. There were no longer strict, unfair rules on how they should dress, thus, giving them more and more independence.
Electric Washing Machine
Before the invention of the electric washing machine, you had to hand wash, scrub and rinse all of your cloths, and your family's cloths. Which was a chore mostly done by women in the 1920's. After the electric washing machine was invented, it no longer took hours on end to wash cloths. Women could simply leave it running while they do other chores, and get it done faster. This left them more time to go to work and/or do other things around the house.
Although the first radio was invented in the 1800's, radios in households did not catch on until the 1920's. The expansion of the radio owes its success to the telephone and telegraph. The radio expanded on the idea of keeping people connected to the outside world. They could hear about the latest news, and listen to radio plays for entertainment. It revolutionized how people live and communicate with each other.
Invention of the Band Aid
The band-aid was invented by Earl Dickson in 1921. Early invented the band aid for his accident prone wife, who would always cut herself in the kitchen. At the time, the band aid was simply a piece of gauze stuck to a piece of tape. To this day, band aids are used world wide and in almost every household.
The Persons Case
Before 1929, women in Canada were not legally considered "persons." Women did not like this, and someone decided to do something about it. The famous five(group of women in Alberta) pleaded that this be changed. In 1929, women were legally considered persons.
Stock Market Crash
Many of the new companies in the 1920's sold some of their stocks to raise money for themselves. People who bought stocks would receive a share of the profit, depending on how many stocks they bought. People and even other companies started borrowing money from banks to buy stocks. By 1921, some investors had started selling their stocks. Others followed, and soon after, more people were trying to sell stocks than buy them. This caused the value of the stocks to go down, this was the stock market crash. The day of the crash(October 29th) was known as black Tuesday.
The Great Depression
Since the US was Canada's largest investor, Canada was hurt by the crash as well. No one in America could afford to import anything from Canada(wheat, paper,) so people working in those industries lost their jobs. Those people could not afford to buy groceries, so the grocery store owners and employees lost their jobs, etc... It was a chain of people losing their jobs because no one had any money to spend.
People could not afford food, houses, cars, etc... Even the wealthier people were hurt by the great depression.
Prairie droughts and dust bowls
To make matters worse, Canadian prairies were experiencing a drought shortly before the great depression. Farmers planted more crops anyway, thinking that the drought would not last long, but it did. To top the drought off, massive dust storms known as dust bowls plagued the prairies. The dust ruined peoples homes, and made it so that you had to wear a wet cloth on your face to breathe. The dust storms blew away millions of hectares of topsoil as well.
Along with the dust storms and drought, a massive number of grasshoppers invaded the prairies. They ate a large percentage of the crops, stalled trains, buses, damaged cars, and invaded homes. This helped cause one of the worst natural disasters of all time in the prairies.
I know this is 2005, couldn't find a video of 1930. Thought it was funny, though.
All website links are yellow*
The United States enters Canada's economy
The US was Canada's biggest trading partner at this time, and they were also the worlds economic leader. They had a thriving economy and many business men who wanted to invest in Canada. Before the war, Britain was the worlds economic leader, and they invested the most into Canada. But since it was now the US, they invested more than Britain did. The US began setting up some of their companies in Canada, called branch plants. Over time, the larger, more successful American companies wiped out all of the smaller Canadian companies. People were pleased with the American investment, but did not see what was really happening. The raw materials extracted by Americans in Canada were transported to the US, free of taxes, and sold back to Canada as finished products, with a tax. America was benefiting more than Canada was. This did help Canada become more independent from the Britain, but in return, America ended up making more money off of us than we did off of them.
Prohibition was the ban of any alcoholic beverage in Canada. It was illegal for anyone to posses or consume alcohol, in an attempt to prevent alcohol related crimes. It worked, but the majority of Canadians were unhappy with this new law. Canada abandoned this law, but the Us did not. This was a good opportunity for Canada to make money by smuggling alcohol into the Us. This was called Rum running.
William Lyon Mackenzie King
William lyon mackenzie king was the prime minister during some of the worst times of the great depression. He believed that the way to fix the issue was to spend less money on government spending's, and not to give relief money. Because of this, King lost the 1930 election to R.B. Bennett.
"As far as giving moneys out of the federal treasury to any Tory government in this Country for these alleged unemployment purposes...i would not give them a five-cent piece."-
William Lyon Mackenzie King
Richard Bedford Bennett
R.B. Bennett was the Prime Minister after Kind. Bennett was also not fond of the relief program, but passed it anyways. In the end,he spent over 10x the amount on relief than had been spent in the entire previous decade.
In 1935, thousands of men had left the work camps they were put into because of the poor conditions. They decided to go and take their complaints to Ottawa, thus, the on to ottawa trek. Bennett ,ade it clear that he was not going to do anything about it, and they began shouting at eachother. He ordered that all the trekkers be removed, and a riot broke out, killing only one police officer but wounding more.
The Halibut Treaty
The Halibut treaty was a fishing treaty between the US and Canada. As was custom, a British representative in the US was going to sign the document, but Prime Minister King did not allow it. He did not see why a British signature needed to be on the document, and he talked the US out of letting the representative sign.
In 1922, a Turkish army was threatening to ossupy Chanak, a neutral territory. The British decided to go to war over it. Prime Minister King informed the press that they would join the war, but parliment did not allow it. This became known as the Chanak crisis, proving that Britain could no longer count on Canada to follow their lead.
Canada declares war
On September 10th, 1939, Canada declared war on Germany, which was very important for Canada at the time. It was their first time joining a war of their own free will, it showed how independent they had become.