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Yalta and Potsdam

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Annika Chantland

on 6 February 2014

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Transcript of Yalta and Potsdam

Bibliography
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Yalta and Potsdam
Yalta "Big Three"
Potsdam
Phase 1
Outcome
Why Confer?
In 1945 the Yalta and Potsdam conferences were called to give the Allies a chance to decide what would happen to Germany and the rest of at the end of World War Two. It was at these conferences that the tensions between the two sides became obvious.
Winston Churchill
F.D. Roosevelt
Joseph Stalin
Potsdam Leaders
4 occupied zones of Germany
demilitarization & denazification
Allied reparation council
The Yalta Conference
Ukraine
AKA Crimea and Argonaut
Feb. 4-11, 1945
U.S., U.K., Soviet Union
Post-war reorganization
Last great conferences before end of War
Many countries felt betrayed by U.S. and U.K.
Stalin's Desires
Churchill's Desires
Roosevelt's Desires
reparations for Germany
obtain land
strengthen conquests
build Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe

maintain empire
secure free elections for Soviet-liberated countries in Eastern Europe.
Ensure Soviet entrance into the Pacific War
Discuss post-war settlement
commitment from Stalin to participate in U.N.
Russia expand into Poland, Poland expand into Germany
Citizens of Soviet Union and Yugoslavia given to respective countries
Veto power for 5 permanent members of Security Council
Soviet Union receive southern part of Sakhalin and Kurile islands after defeat of Japan

Stalin participates in U.N.
Soviet Union enter fight against Japan
Free elections for Soviet-liberated countries in Eastern Europe
Germany?
Soviet Union
United Kingdom
United States
Final Result
Winston Chruchill, Joseph Stalin, and President Truman gathered in Potsdam, Germnay to discuss postwar agreements

Harder to come to agreements without a common enemy
Three Main Decisions:
How to deal with Germany
Rebuild Polish-German-Soviet borders
Council of Foreign Minister to make treaties with German allies
President Truman
Looking for support in the war against Pacific
Think he has the ultimate trump card:
the atomic bomb
Inexperienced in foreign relations,
handles himself carefully, scared of spread of communism in Europe
Thinks England is in a delicate state
Joseph Stalin
Looking for territorial gain
Wants Germany to pay post war reparations
Willing to help in war in Pacific if receives payment (land)
Winston Churchill
Disagreements with Stalin over withdrawal from Arabic Countries
Aided Truman in dealings w/ Stalin
Lost power on July 26th due to elections which took him out of his position

New leader, Clement Atlee, didn't know how to assist Truman mostly deferred to Truman
Full transcript