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Romanian Revolution

Social 20-1 Presentation, Adina Iliescu

Adina Iliescu

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Romanian Revolution

1989 POLAND 1989 was one of the most important years for the European history because that is when most of the revolutions which overthrew the communist states in Central and Eastern European countries took place. It began in Poland and it continued in other countries such as Hungary, East Germany, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and Romania. . The map tracks the fall of communist governments of Eastern Europe at that time The Romanian Revolution The Romanian Revolution started in the city of Timisoara during December 1989. There were a series of protests going on which quickly spread throughout the biggest cities of Romania. The main cause of these protests was that people wanted to end the communist regime of Nicolae Ceausescu, who was the General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party at that time (1965-1989). In 1981 Ceausescu began an austerity program which enabled Romania to liquidate its whole national debt ( about $10 billion). People were not happy with the fact that basic needs such as gas and food were rationed which basically lowered their standards of living. Generous amounts of money were also spent on promoting the Communist Party. Events such as weekly shows in theaters, stadiums or on the streets in different cities of the country were dedicated to him, Elena Ceausescu (his wife) and the communist party. Romanians eventually got tired of watching Ceausescu throw money everywhere in order to become more popular while many of them had nothing to eat. The concept of supporting communism became very unusual, and people even started acting against it. The first form of protest was on 24th of november 1989, the same day in which the fourteenth meeting of the Romanian Socialist Republic party took place.This form of protest has been started by a few students on the streets of Bucharest( capital of Romania). They held signs and placards on which they wrote: “We want Reforms against Ceausescu government”. A few of them were arrested and accused of propaganda against the socialist society however, they have been released about a month later (22nd of December 1989). Many people have been tried to draw attention to the economic, cultural, and spiritual issues of the country by using different methods such as letters and little protests but this hasn’t changed anything other than intensifying the activity and drawing the attention of the communist police. On 16 December, the revolution “officially” started as people in Timisoara started gathering. As the protest evolved, more and more people joined in. As soon as the communist police found out about this, they tried to take control of the situation. The police has been very aggressive towards the citizens. They even used tear gas and water jets. Rioters did not consider giving up as being an option so they gathered again during the following day(December 17) and it got to the point where the army had to show up. However, Ceausescu was arrested and this marked the end of communism in Romania.
This is the sign which represents Socialist Republic of Romania. Nowdays it also represents the times during which Romania was a communist country. A symbol of the Romanian Revolution is the Romanian Flag that has a hole in the center, right where the Socialist Republic of Romania sign used to be. This was first seen at a protest and the idea was spread throughout the country. It is meant to represent the end of communism in Romania as well as freedom and democracy. People behind the revolution met their goal, which was ending communism in their country. Rights after Ceausescu lost power, Romania's economic and social conditions have been slowly improving, however, a relatively large number of Romanian citizens are still struggling in terms of financial conditions. Since1989, Romania has been a democratic country.
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