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Religion and it's Affect on Development
Transcript of Religion and it's Affect on Development
on the Socialization of Children
What are the factors that effect the religious experience of a child?
Vygotsky Theory of Development
Family Structures that cause
Negative Religious Experiences
Family Structures that cause
Positive Religious Experiences
What are the effects
Lower levels of delinquency
Low underage drinking and lower drug use
Better relations with family
Altruistic attitudes and behavior
better adjusted to adult life
Trend of lower safe sex education
Can be a source of stress
Strain on family if child wanders or questions
Have the ability to grasp on to dangerous and hateful ideals
Two Parents that both regularly attend church
Single Mother/Father who regularly attends church
Little to no research has been
done on other family types
including gay parents, grand parents, etc.
Having only one parent who attends church regularly in a two parent household
If church is a source of stress or conflict in the family among parents or extended family
Religiosity was associated positively with authoritative parenting for both parents
Authoritarian mothers negatively affected religiosity of children
Religiosity was unrelated to fathers' authoritarian parenting.
Peers with similar religious beliefs are a source of
support for children (accountability, understanding)
Bullying and intolerance can affect a child's excitement over attending or being involved in church
Media can play a role (positive/negative role models)
Society and Community as a whole can affect religion in children
The Intuitive Thought Substage: In this stage, children start asking questions. They start to really ask questions about their religion and God and with a positive situation at home, they can develop faith through asking questions.
Example: In the Christian faith, asking questions and seeking answers is the basic way to build a personal belief set.
In the Concrete Operational Stage logic and reasoning come into play. This is the defining stage in building a religion.
Individual problem solving vs adult guidance:
During this stage according to Vygotsky children learn the balance between learning to do things on their own and asking for parental guidance. This is when they ask questions and seek answers on their own but knowing they have their parents support.
Peer Guidance: Youth groups and peers with the same beliefs (or different) beliefs can influence how a child develops a personal religion.
What are the effects of a
religious experience on youth and
what other factors can affect how religion plays a role in the socialization
of a child?
1. What are the effects of Religion?
2. How does family structure
effect the religious experience
3. How do parenting styles affect the
religious experience of children?
Erikson's Theory of Development
Initiative vs. Guilt:
This is a crucial period of time in which a child can learn to start building a personal belief in a religion or be made to feel guilty for the things they do (Catholic Guilt)
Industry vs. Inferiority:
When the self-esteem and self worth become a factor. They start comparing themselves to others and with religion there is a correlation between religion and high sense of self worth. Even if a child feels inferior in school, with a strong faith they can still feel worthy.
Identity vs. Role Confusion:
This is the time in a child's life in which they start to try to figure out who they are and who they want to be. The connection between positive religious beliefs and the lowered acts of delinquency and in turn, higher marks in school help them find their identity. Role confusion can also be a factor as they start to build a faith on their own and develop questions or mistrust which has been known to cause friction in families.
Piaget's Theory of Development
Children learn through through rewards and punishments.
If a religion builds a sense of reward for acting a certain way (Heaven, enlightenment etc) they are conditioned to act a certain way.
In the same way if religion or church is a source of pain or conflict they are conditioned to stay away from it to avoid that negative feeling.
1. Petts, Richard J. "Parental Religiosity, Religious Homogamy, and Young Children's Well-Being."
2. •Lindner Gunnoe, Marjorie, E. Mavis Hetherington, and David Reiss. 1999. "Parental Religiosity, Parenting Style, and Adolescent Social Responsibility."
3. •McCarty, Robert J. 1998. "Wings and Roots
4. •Okagaki, Lynn and Claudia Bevis. 1999. "Transmission of Religious Values: Relations between Parents' and Daughters' Beliefs."
5. John P. Bartkowski. "Religion and child development: Evidence from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study"