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Emergence of Americas in Global Affairs, 1880-1929

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Robert MacLellan

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Emergence of Americas in Global Affairs, 1880-1929

United States Expansionism
Reasons for US expansionism:
Spanish–American War: 1898
Causes and Effects
United States and the First World War
From neutrality to involvement:
Reasons for US entry into the First World War
Wilson’s peace ideals and the struggle for ratification of the Versailles Treaty in the United States
Significance of the war for the United States’ hemispheric status
Impact of the First World War on two countries of the Americas: Canada
The United States
Foreign policies
Emergence of Americas in Global Affairs, 1880-1929
United States’ Foreign Policies
The Open Door
Involvement and participation of Canada in the First World War
reasons for and/or against participation
nature of participation
Read p 115-124

Create one IB exam questions for each section of this unit
Create a point form marking guide for your question
Have a look at the command terms to guide your questions
examples at end of each chapter
example question and marking guide.
Political Cartoon 1899
"I helped make Mexico and especially Tampico safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street. The record of racketeering is long. I helped purifly Nicaragua for the international banking house of Brown Brothers in 1909-12. I brought light to the Dominican Republic for American sugar interests in 1916. I helped make Honduras "right" for American fruit companies in 1903. In China in 1927 I helped see to it that Standard Oil went its way unmolested... . Looking back on it, I feel I might have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three city districts. We Marines operated on three continents."

Smedly Butler
Major General USMC

Following the reconstruction period:
waves of immigration
Coal Iron oil discoveries & development
electricity increasingly used
infrastructure expands
Captains of Industry-Rockefeller, Carnegie
Urbanization and slums
Labour Tension
$ 336 Billion (2007 Dollars)
Monroe Doctrine
Expansionism: Moral Duty
Practical Necessity?
Markets for Rapidly Growing Exports (See Chart p 121)
Economic Concerns
Manifest Destiny
Queen Liliuokalani Hawaii
Political Reasons
Cuban Revolt & Spanish Response

US Investment
$50 Million

Cuban American Lobby

Yellow Press
image search for examples

US Sugar and Tobacco Interests

USS Maine
Aftermath: Imperial Debate
From the New York Herald, October 15, 1900:

I left these shores, at Vancouver, a red-hot imperialist. I wanted the American eagle to go screaming into the Pacific. It seemed tiresome and tame for it to content itself with he Rockies. Why not spread its wings over the Philippines, I asked myself? And I thought it would be a real good thing to do

I said to myself, here are a people who have suffered for three centuries. We can make them as free as ourselves, give them a government and country of their own, put a miniature of the American constitution afloat in the Pacific, start a brand new republic to take its place among the free nations of the world. It seemed to me a great task to which had addressed ourselves.

But I have thought some more, since then, and I have read carefully the treaty of Paris, and I have seen that we do not intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Phillippines. We have gone there to conquer, not to redeem. . .

It should, it seems to me, be our pleasure and duty to make those people free, and let them deal with their own domestic questions in their own way. And so I am an anti-imperialist. I am opposed to having the eagle put its talons on any other land.
Mark Twain
Treaty of Paris
American Anti Imperialist League
Guerrilla War (1899-91)
Teller Amendment
Platt Amendment

The Treaty of Paris of 1898
All but one of these ships was destroyed in a typhoon
Tripartite Convention
USA & Germany Divide Samoa
Britain Receives compensation elsewhere
US Open Door Policy
The Big Stick
Dollar Diplomacy
Moral Diplomacy
Full transcript