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Black Feminism & Womanism
Transcript of Black Feminism & Womanism
and Diyanna Burton Black Feminism and
Womanism What is Black Feminism? Black women felt invisible National black feminist organization Make others aware of problems affecting black women Major Events during this time 26th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution What's trending/popular
in America in the 1970s The music of the black woman’s right movement primarily consisted of the best of funk and blues.
By the 1970’s, the politics of race shifted and began to address other issues within the community. Such as, gay and lesbian liberation, the rejection of the Vietnam war, white feminist ideas versus, the concept of feminism, love, and the black power movement, all of which can be heard and appreciated in the soul music during this period. Fashion Their needs and existence are ignored Black women wanted to overcome oppression. “to address ourselves to the particular and specific needs of the larger, but almost cast-aside half of the black race in Amerikkka, the black woman.” Was formed in 1973 America sees 3 presidents throughout this decade We have some 1st black mayors in cities across America Vietnam war ends in 1975 Minnie Ripperton Cameo Chaka Khan Marvin Gaye Aretha Franklin -Music Film/TV During the feminist and womanist period of the 70’s and 80’s black sitcoms were very popular. These shows often featured a strong woman character. Good Times(Florida Evans) Sanford and Son (Esther Anderson) The Jeffersons (Louise Jefferson) Alice Walker
Toni Cade Bambara
Ntozake Shange Toni Morrison -Was born in Lorain Ohio in 1931 on February 18th as Chloe Anthony Wofford.
- attended an integrated school, she was the only first grader who could read.
-She attended the prestigious Howard University located right here in Washington Dc
-Graduating in 1953 with a BA in English, she furthered her education at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York where she received masters in 1955.
-She was the first black woman to receive the Nobel peace prize in literature.
-The Bluest Eye was her first novel she had ever written it was published in the 1970’s.
-her second novel Sula which we are currently reading , was published in 1973 which she earned a nomination for the National book award.
-Beloved was her most well-known work it was published in 1987, which she won the Pulitzer Prize. Morrison's Accomplishments Alice Walker is an author, feminist, and activist. She wrote one of the most known novels, “The Color Purple”. She won the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for the novel which was written in 1982. “The Color Purple” chronicles the life of an average African-American woman in the 1900’s. Walker was criticized for her negative portrayal of men in the novel. The novel went on to become a movie directed by Steven Spielberg. The interesting thing is that purple was the color of feminism and was used in the suffragist movement. Alice Walker Nikki Giovanni born Yolande Cornelia jr. on June 7, 1943, at Knoxville General Hospital, in Knoxville, Tennessee, soon became a world renowned poet and prominent literary figure for African American Women. At about age four Nikki Giovanni and her family decide to move to a suburb in Cincinnati where she and her siblings attended grade school. She was the child of two educators so they sought to have Nikki received an exceptional education. Her mother, Yolande Cornelia taught at St. Simon School, an all-black Episcopal school in the predominately African American suburb of Lincoln Heights, where Ms. Giovanni attended until she was in the 8th grade. She moved back to Tennessee with her grandparents and attended Austin High School. Her grandparents where popular political figures in terms of fighting for injustice in their community and encouraged her to participate in similar activities advocating civil rights in the African American community. Nikki Giovanni took that encouragement and attended Fisk University as an early college undergraduate student. Nikki Giovanni During the African American Feminist Movement Fashion was a way of Expressing Empowerment! Fashion during this movement included bellbottoms, hip huggers, and halter tops that were very fashionable in the era where African American woman dressed in means of supporting equality and Tranquility. Peace signs, dashikis, tie dye shirts and painted jeans we prevalent among women in the 70s and 80s. Women also wore bright colors and iridescent rapped dresses that were symbolic of their strength and independence. Leszire wear was a big hit among the younger community who wore matching hot pant suit (short shorts) with knee high boots and plat form shoes. Everywhere you would see women of color with beautiful maintained afros and sometimes pin in afro puffs. These were either worn as pig tails or just big bold and all natural. Fashion during this time was a fun trend often mixed with different patterns. These are some famous films of the 70’s with some strong female figures. Foxy Brown Cleopatra Jones Honorary Mentions All authors and writers who were active during this time: Bibliography "But Some of Us Are Brave: A History of Black Feminism in the United States". Retrieved from http://www.mit.edu/activities/thistle/v9/ 9.01/6blackf.html "The Presidents of the United States" Retrieved from http://www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/pres/list.shtml Wallace, Michele. "On the National Black Feminist Organization" in Feminist Revolution. New York: Random House, c1978. pp. 174-175. "The 26th Amendment" Retrieved from http://democracyday.com/the-26th-amendment.html "Alice Walker" retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/alice-walker-9521939 "Alice Walker: Writer and Activist" retrieved from http://womenshistory.about.com/od/alicewalker/a/alice_walker.htm Bois, Danuta. "Toni Morrison". 1996. Retrieved from http://www.distinguishedwomen.com/biographies/morrison.html