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The Little Mermaid
Transcript of The Little Mermaid
Julia Guild, Natasha Petters, Lexi Reyes, Taylor Christmon, Devin Laughlin
Archetypal Characters and Places
The Stages of the "Hero's Quest"
Research for the fairytale
Mentor- The Old Grandmother: she tells the girls of the world outside of the ocean, giving them advice and knowledge. "Her Grandmother called the little birds fishes, or she would not have understood her; for she had never seen birds" (1).
Devil Figure- The Wicked Witch: She makes a deal with the Little Mermaid; she traded her voice for legs and an immortal body. "I know what you want," said the sea witch; "it is very stupid of you, but you shall have your way, and it will bring you to sorrow, my pretty princess" (7).
The Temptress- The bride girl person (thinks she is the one who saved him, and so she gets him) "People thought she was being brought up and educated in a religious house, where she was learning every royal virtue" (10).
Hero- The Little Mermaid: She goes on a quest for self knowledge and is the hero. "The little mermaid swam close to the cabin windows; and now and then, as the waves lifted her up, she could look in through clear glass windowpanes, and see a number of well-dressed people within" (3).
The Lover- The Prince: He was there for the mermaid and they became very close. "Yes, you are dear to me, " said the prince; "for you have the best heart, and you are the most devoted to me; you are like a young maiden whom I once saw, but whom I shall never meet again" (9).
Guardians- The Sisters: They looked out for the little mermaid. They also looked out for the lost sailors. "We have given our hair to the witch," said they, "to obtain help for you, that you may not die to-night. She has given us a knife: here it is, see it is very sharp" (10).
1. The Call to Adventure: She is the youngest of 6 sisters living in the deep sea with an aspiration to go on to the land.
2.Refusal/Acceptance of Call: The little mermaid goes to shore and saves the handsome prince from drowning in a shipwreck, and falls in love with him in the process.
3.Supernatural Aide: She goes to the wicked sea witch and makes a deal in order to get legs and go on land.
4.Crossing/Defeating Threshold: She leaves the sea to go on land with the consequence of no voice but has legs.
5.Rebirth of the Hero: She suffers from pain of the two feet, no voice, and limited time to make the prince fall in love with her.
Deep in the ocean was a large kingdom. The king lived with his mother, and he
had six daughters. The youngest daughter was very quiet and thoughtful, and
spent most of her time in her garden. She owned a marble statue of a boy that
had fallen from a shipwreck. She was very curious about the world above the sea.
Each of the daughters could go to the surface when they turned 15, and they
could return whenever they'd like after that. When the youngest daughter went to
the surface, she found the boy that her statue looked like. A large storm came,
and the ship wrecked, but the mermaid managed to save the boy. She grew more and
more fond of human beings, and her grandmother told her about the human soul.
The human soul is immortal, while a mermaid does not. In order for a mermaid to
obtain an immortal soul, a human must love her more than he loves himself. The
little mermaid decided to go to the sea witch and ask for legs to try to get the
prince to fall in love with her, so she can have an immortal soul. The witch
gives her legs in exchange for the mermaids voice. She swam to the surface and
drank the potion, and feels as though a sword has cut through her. Every step
she takes feels as though she is stepping on sharp knives. She walks over to the
princes palace, and he lets her stay. She was a great dancer because of the
lightness of her feet.
One night her sisters came up together, and they told her of the sorrow she had
Every day the mermaid grew more and more in love with the prince, but he only
loved her as he would love a child. He did not know that it was her who had
saved him from the shipwreck, and he wanted to marry the girl who did. The
sisters came back, and told her that she must stab the prince. She did not and
turned into the foam of the sea. She then became a daughter of the air, in order
to have one more chance at getting an immortal soul.
Stages of the "Hero's Quest" continued
6.The Task: Over a period of time she gets the prince to be fond of her, but not a deep enough love to marry.
7.The Initiation: The prince tells her that he has to marry someone else,but he tells her he'd rather marry her than anyone else and he kisses her.
8.The Fall: The prince ends up marrying someone else. She then must choose to kill the prince or die herself.
9.The Journey: She throws the knife, that the sisters gave her, into the ocean and dies.
10.The Return: The Little Mermaid is now among the "daughters of the air" (afterlife). She now works to get an immoral soul by doing good deeds.
The Little Mermaid
Research of the Fairytale
The full title of our fairytale is The Little Mermaid. It was written by Hans Christian Andersen.
Our fairytale was originally published in 1836.
Origins of our fairytale: Hans Christian Andersen had a very rough family life and his parents were very poor. So he had a lot of challenges to overcome, but he did and became extremely successful. This relates to the fairytale because the little mermaid faced great suffering and conflicts, just like HCA, but in the end gained happiness like he did. He also could have been inspired to write the story because his father loved literature and both his mother and father entertained him with old Danish legends and stories when he was young. In addition, Hans was trained as a singer with a beautiful voice and he loved music. This could be why the little mermaid's voice and singing plays a major role in the story. Lastly, he considered himself an outcast when he was younger and this experience could be why the little mermaid feels out of place in her world under the sea.
Compare and Contrast "Disney Version" to Original Version
The Little Mermaid is the hero in our fairy tale. She functions as the courageous protagonist because she shows her bravery when she saves the prince. In addition, in order to go on land she must be strong and face lots of pain and challenges. Lastly she displayed heroic behavior when she chose to save the life of the prince instead of killing him to save herself.
There have been numerous versions and adaptations of our fairytale.
It was made into an opera entitled "Rusalka" and was first performed in Prague in 1901.
The 1914 play "The Garden of Paradise" written by Edward Sheldon was adapted from it.
In 2013 there was a live-action made-for-TV German adaptation, Die kleine Meerjungfrau, directed by Irina Popow and starring Zoe Moore.
Our fairytale has been adapted in Russia, France, U.S.A., spanish culture, Bulgaria, Japan, East Asia, Germany, London, and South Korea.
Popular culture references to our fairytale include the movies "Aquamarine" and "The Thirteenth Year" and the TV show "H2O."
1. The Mermaid
2. Sea Creature
5. White wreath
6. Bottle of potion
8. Yellow palace
10. Sea King
Both the movie and story have similar characteristics. For example, they both investigate a wrecked ship, the witch wants the mermaid's voice, the mermaid ends up gaining a pair of legs, their is an aspiring relationship with the prince. Also, the mermaid sees fireworks coming out of the ship, both save the prince, have sea creature friends, the father is the Sea King, and both stories' main character collects human artifacts.
There are quite a few differences between the movie and the story as well. First, the protagonist in the movie is called Ariel. In the story, she is only referred to as The Little Mermaid. there is also no age limit in the movie to which Ariel is allowed to go to the surface. The little mermaid had a garden in the story. In the movie, Ariel has 3 days to kiss the prince, but in the story she has until he is married. In the movie, Ariel is liked by the dog; it dislikes her in the story. The sea witch cuts off the mermaid's tongue in the book, but uses a spell to take her voice in the movie. In the book, every step the mermaid took was painful, but she had no pain in the movie.In the book, the prince gets married and the mermaid turns into the foam of the sea. In the movie, Ariel did not kiss the prince in time, but she was still able to return to the sea eventually.
Julia Guild: Research of the fairytale
Natasha Petters: Archetypal characters, ten-question quiz
Lexi Reyes: Plot summary,
Taylor Christmon: Stages of the "Hero's Quest"
Devin Laughlin: Comparing "Disney version" to the original version
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The Little Mermaid
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0026153/bio?ref =nm ov bio sm
The Little Mermaid