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Thomas Hardy - life & writings: Presentation
Transcript of Thomas Hardy - life & writings: Presentation
- Life & Writings 2 June 1840 11 January 1928 Early Years London & Return to Dorset Beginning of a Writing Career Professional Novelist Farewell to Prose - Poetry Last Years 1860s 1867 1873 - 1895 1895-97 born in Higher Bockhampton Parents: Thomas Hardy senior and Jemima Hardy
(born Hand) mother harboured intellectual ambitions for him and encouraged him to read widely
educated first at village school and then in Dorchester due to the family’s social status, Thomas Hardy was not able to pursue an academic career
at age of 16 he was apprenticed to John Hicks, a local architect April 1862: moved to London (economic motivations)
employment with architect Arthur Blomfield
1863: won Architectural Association prize & Silver Medal of Royal Institute of British Architects
enjoyed being part in process of urban growth and change
continued writing poems in London
Journalism alternative means of subsidizing a devotion to literature
no success in publishing poems in magazines
1867: returned to Higher Bockhampton because of damaged health
worked as country architect first novel: The Poor Man and the Lady (finished by 1867) -> rejected for publication
Themes and Motifs
- all novels are love stories
- problems of relationships between the sexes
> complicated love-relationships / love triangles / issues between sexes / unhappy marriages
- problems of living in society
> class differences / struggles against class boundaries / injustice / higher education – working class
- religious and philosophical questioning
- change 1912: wife Emma died
> remorse, rediscovered love for her found result in “Poems of 1912-13” Thomas Hardy published poems until he died on 11 January 1928
cause of death: “cardiac syncope”
During his last years in Max Gate, he began to write his own biography together with his second wife Florence. This biography was published by Mrs. Hardy after his death in two volumes: Thank You for Your Attention! 1872: returned to London in response to an invitation from T. Roger Smith, a prominent architect of the day 1871 1872 => writing part-time or full-time? Emma Lavinia Gifford
1874: marriage NOVELS
1867: The Poor Man and the Lady
1871: Desperate Remedies
1872: Under the Greenwood Tree
1873: A Pair of Blue Eyes
1874: Far from the Madding Crowd
1876: The Hand of Ethelberta
1878: The Return of the Native
1880: The Trumpet-Major
1881: A Laodicean.
1882: Two on a Tower.
1886: The Mayor of Casterbridge
1887: The Woodlanders
1891: Tess of the d'Urbervilles
1892: The Well-Beloved.
1895: Jude the Obscure - provoked a considerable uproar among Hardy's contemporaries
- the frank portrayal of a man and woman living together out of wedlock was taken to be a critique of the institution of marriage and its religious foundations
- Hardy objected, contending that his novel was moral, but soon capitulated
- he has always been hypersensitive to criticism and these reactions had the effect of “completely curing [him] of further interest in novel-writing”
- he stopped writing fiction and returned to poetry 1898 10 February 1914: marriage fiction and poetry interpenetrate one another
some of his poems are versions of passages in novels
most of his poems deal with themes of disappointment in love & live
only after death regarded as one of greatest poets of 20th century Florence Dugdale Influence of Hardy's writing: