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Transcript of french revolution
Constitution of 1971
Tennis Court Oath
Famous oath made on a tennis court by members of the Third Estate in France. They swore "never to separate and to meet wherever the circumstances might require until we have established a sound and just constitution."
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Civil Constitution of The Clergy
This document was modeled in part on the American Declaration of Independence. This declaration announced that all men "were born and remain free and equal in rights."
Issued in 1790, bishops and priests became elected. The Civil Constitution ended papal authority over the French Church and dissolved convents and monasteries. Many priests and bishops refused to accept this Constitution.
The National Assembly completed its main task by producing a constitution. The Constitution of 1791 set up a limited monarchy in place of the absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries.
Bust of Napoleon Bonaparte
Revolutionary Period Drum
The bust of Napoleon is an artifact because it shows us and lets us know how he looked.
This drum helped rally the French people and it also stood for French Nationalism.
This mask hid people who weren't supposed to be known in the countries where there were battles taking place.
The engine of terror was the guillotine. Its fast falling blade extinguished life instantly. A member of the legislature, Dr. Joseph Guillotin, introduced it as a more humane method of beheading than the uncertain ax.
Olympe De Gouges
She was a French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience. She began her career as a playwright in the early 1780s.
Neckef was a financial expert, he was hired to be the King's advisor. Necker urged the king to reduce extravagant court spending, reform government, and abolish burdensome tariffs on internal trade. High clergy forced the king to dismiss Necker
Marquis De Lafayette
The aristocratic "hero of two worlds" who fought alongside George Washington in the American Revolution. He headed the National Guard.
He's a shrewd lawyer and politician. His enemies called him tyrant. He promoted religious toleration and wanted at abolish slavery.
Parisians Storm the Bastille
Womens March on Versailles
On July 14, 1789, Paris seized the spotlight from the National Assembly meeting in Versailles.
On October 5, 1789, about six thousand women marches thirteen miles in rain demanding to see the king.
Napoleon Crowns Himself Emperor
In 1804, Napoleon aquired enough power to assume his title of King.
King and Queen are Excuted
In 1793, King Louis XVI amd his wife were executed by order of the National Convention. This evemt lead to the Reign of Terror.
Important Military Campaign
Napoleon's sword is a main artifact because it is the sword he carried in battle, another artifact if his hat that he wore in battle.
During his long career he conquered most of Europe and became a feared soldier that his opponents in Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia had him declared 'an enemy of humanity'.
He had 14 military campaigns.
Napoleon consolidated his power by strengthening the central government. To restore economic prosperity, he controlled prices, encouraged new industry, and built roads and canals. Napoleon won support across class lines.
Failure of his major military campaigns is the main cause of his downfall. Due to Napoleons' failure in the invasion of Russia, his fall from power was hastened, as it contributed to the decline. He declined in 1814.
Main Source: Textbook