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Transcript of Morphology
So what is a morpheme, exactly? Morphology Simple words CANNOT be broken down into smaller meaningful units The process by which another word is formed from a root word, usually through the addition of an affix. The Study of
Word Formation It is the tiniest meaningful units in a language Usually referred to as "linguistic signs" The connection between the sign and its meaning is purely conventional
It does not originate in some property of the object it stands for Morphology deals with the internal structure of words within a language For example...
There is nothing about the sound of the word
that has anything to do with the physical hair on your head. Words can be divided into two broad categories: Function words include:
Pronouns Conjunctions Determiners Lexical words include... Adverbs Nouns Verbs Adjectives Free morphemes are unit(s) of a word that can stand ALONE.
Bound morphemes are unit(s) of a word that CANNOT stand on their own. PLAYERS Three meaningful units: Play can stand on its own, but –er and –s cannot play, -er, -s i.e. Frogs Complex words CAN be broken down to identifiable and meaningful components Takes the verb waiter wait –er and turns it into a noun by adding the affix Inflection All languages have contrasts i.e. i.e. Singular and plural These contrasts are often marked by a morphological process called inflection Past and present Teachers may use the knowledge of morphology to teach common suffixes, prefixes, and root words. Application in the Classroom Activities to Build Vocabulary & Word Skills http://www.johnsoncreek.k12.wi.us/faculty/mentings/Vocabulary%20Elementary%20Activit.pdf Prefixes and Suffixes Rap Activity Write 9 words that begin with re- on index cards. Use three words in which re means again, three words in which re means back, and three words in which re- is just the first syllable and has no apparent meaning. rebound redo record
return replay refuse
replace rework reveal Industrialization industry industrialize industrial and Function Grammar System Lexical "Word Bank" Boy Boys Work Worked Inflection modifies a word’s form to mark the grammatical category to which it belongs