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Public Perceptions of Recovered Memory Therapy

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by

Sarah Johnson

on 3 December 2015

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Transcript of Public Perceptions of Recovered Memory Therapy

Public Perceptions of Recovered Memory Therapy
Overview
-Recovered Memory Therapy
-Lost in a shopping mall study-Loftus 1996
-Mock Trial Studies
-Myers, Myers, Herndon, Broskiewitz, and Tar (2015)
Suggestive vs. Non-suggestive Techniques
Hypotheses
Conclusions
Method
Results
Hypothesis One: There will be a significant difference, across conditions, on ratings of Therapist Suggestiveness.

Hypothesis Two: There will be significant difference, across conditions, on ratings of veracity.

Hypothesis Three: There will be significant differences, across conditions, on ratings of Therapist Culpability.

Hypothesis Four: There will be significant differences, across conditions, on ratings of Therapist Competency.
Results Cont.
-116 participants viewed one of four videos with four different conditions
-Condition 1-Talk Therapy
-Condition 2-Suggestion
-Condition 3-Suggestion + Guided Imagery
-Condition 4-Suggestion + Hypnosis
-Participants answered a short questionnaire about the video
-How suggestive was the therapist? (Suggestiveness)
-How accurate was the client's memory of the abuse? (Veracity)
-How competent was the therapist? (Competency)
-To what extent can the therapist be held legally responsible if the memory turned out to be false? (Responsibility)
-A One-Way ANOVA was conducted to test suggestiveness across conditions. There was a significant difference among the conditions [F(3, 112) = 6.216, p = 0.001, =.1188].
-A linear contrast was conducted to further test the nature of the differences. It was found that the control condition was rated as significantly less suggestive than the suggestion, Guided Imagery and Hypnosis Conditions [t(112) = 3.377, p = .001, =.0913].
-A linear contrast was conducted to further test the nature of the differences between conditions the suggestion, Guided Imagery and Hypnosis Conditions [t(112) = 2.177, p = .032, = .031]. No significant differences were identified.
-A linear contrast was conducted to further test the nature of the differences between Guided Imagery and Hypnosis Conditions. It was found that the Hypnosis condition was not rated as significantly more suggestive than the Guided Imagery condition. [t(112) = 1.581, p = .117, Hedge's g =.41].

*All contrasts were tested with a Bonferroni Correction of alpha= 0.017

-Hypothesis One was partially supported. Participants were more likely to rate Suggestion, Guided Imagery and Hypnosis conditions as more suggestive therapeutic techniques; however, there were no differences in suggestibility among the Suggestion, Guided Imagery and Hypnosis conditions.
-Hypothesis Two was not supported. Participants were not more likely to believe the memory depending on condition.
-Hypothesis Three was not supported. Participants were not more likely to rate the therapist as more legally responsible, based on the therapeutic technique.
-Hypothesis Four was not supported. Participants were not more likely to rate the therapist as less competent, based on therapeutic technique.
Results Cont.
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-A One-Way ANOVA was conducted to test perceived veracity of the memory, across conditions. No significant differences were identified [F(3, 112) = 1.248, p = .296].
-A One-Way ANOVA was conducted to test perceived culpability of the therapist, across conditions. No significant differences were identified [F(3, 111) = 1.529, p = .211].
-A One-Way ANOVA was conducted to test perceived therapist competence, across conditions. No significant differences were identified [F(3, 111) = 1.544, p = .207].
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Sarah Johnson
Individuals were able to recognize when the therapist was using suggestive therapeutic techniques but this knowledge did not influence
-How true they thought the memory was
-How competent they thought the therapist was
-How culpable the therapist was for the legal consequences of the memory
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