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Australia

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by

Hannah Webb

on 23 March 2015

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Transcript of Australia

Australia
MOVEMENT OF IDEAS
MOVEMENT OF GOODS
TOP 10 IMPORTS
HUMAN ENVIORNMENT INTERACTION
Many people in Australia live on the coast, just like people in the U.S.A. and have thus adapted to reliance upon fishing, and the commodities brought in through imports.
MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE
GOVERNMENT
Less than 3% of the people of Australia are part of the worlds oldest living culture, and are called Aboriginal Australians. Over 40,000 years old, the culture consists of people indigenous to Australia who live off of the land. They have rich roots in art, dance, music, myths, and legends. Some of their sacred sites include Kings Canyon, Uluru, Kata Tjuta, Alice Springs, and Kakadu.
CULTURE
The rest of Australia's population enjoys an outdoor lifestyle with rich and diverse culture. The people love sports, arts, and music. There are over 210 languages spoken in Australia, many different faiths, and mixed cultural origons.
Australia's government consists of a federal monarchy, constitutional monarchy, and parliamentary system. Just like us, the Australian government contains three arms,the judiciary, legislature, and executive. Six states make up Australia and it's government, while territories (land unclaimed by states) are granted a right to self-government.
The current Prime Minister of Australia is Tony Abbott.
Australians are very proud of their fresh, creative cuisine, and wine. Australia is home to more than 60 wine regions and some of the oldest vines. Their wine is said to be the "envy of the world."
TOP 10
EXPORTS
1. Personal Travel Services
2. Crude Petroleum
3. Passenger Motor Vehicles
4. Refined Petroleum
5. Freight Transport Services
6. Telecom Equipment and Parts
7. Medicaments
8. Goods Vehicles
9. Passenger Transport Services
10. Computers
1. Iron Ore and Concentrates
2. Coal
3. Gold
4. Education-Related Services
5. Natural Gas
6. Personal Travel Services
7. Crude Petroleum
8. Wheat
9. Aluminum Ores
10. Copper Ores
Australia's Top 3 Two-Way Trading Partners
1. China
2. Japan
3. United States
*good trades are on a recorded trade basis, service trades are on a balance of payment basis
The a fore mentioned Aboriginals live solely off of the land, using plants and other raw materials to survive
POSITIVE
NEGATIVE
The people have harvested many of Australia's rich natural resources, such as iron ore, coal, wheat and petroleum.
-Irrigation of the outback for farming
-Increased shipping and tourism attraction damaging the Great Barrier Reef
-Mining preventing access to clean land and water
CLIMATE
Relatively arid, with some tropical and temperate regions.
80% of the land has a rainfall less than 600 millimeters per year and 50% has even less than 300 millimeters. Most Australians live near the wetter, more moderate south eastern coast.
Northern states experience warm weateher most of the time, whereas the Southern states experience cooler temperatures and more rainfall.
PULL FACTORS
PUSH FACTORS
Australia is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. Australia has become very accustomed to new cultures, and are accepting of many different ethnic groups and religions.
In Australia people have freedom of speech, and the right to live however they would like as long as they abide by the country's laws.
-Religious Freedom
-Climate
-No Discrimination
-Beautiful Country
-Economic Reasons
-Employment
TRANSPORTATION
Just like in the U.S.A., the main mode of transportation in Australia is the car. About 85% of households in Australia own one automobile. An extensive network of freeways and motorways can be found in Australia.
LOCATION
ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES
ABSOLUTE LOCATION
RELATIVE LOCATION
Australia is uniquely positioned for growth because of its location in the Asia-Pacific region of the world, a prime spot for trade with the many nearby countries and a bridge between the world's major time zones. It is predicted that by 2050, nearly 2/3 of the worlds production and consumption will take place in the Asia-Pacific region.
Accessibility. Australia has many densely populated cities, which are highly accessible. The people have all the places they need in close proximity. The more sparsely settled arid regions, which make up a large part of inland Australia, are remotely accessible, which means it more difficult to for the people to travel to places they need.
*Canberra, capital city of Australia
35.3 degrees South
149.1degrees East
South of the Equator
Northwest of New Zealand
South of Indonesia
PLACE
CHARACTERISTICS
PHYSICAL
HUMAN
UNIQUE: The Great Barrier Reef- World's largest collection of coral, can be seen from Outer Space.
COMPARISON:Seasons are opposite from the U.S. in
Australia.
UNIQUE: Holidays- Boxing Day, Australia Day is January 26, major celebrations
COMPARISON:
Australians drive on the left side of the road, while Americans drive on the right side.
ECHIDNA: spiny anteater, monotreme
EMU: large, flightless bird among 828 bird species in Australia
QUOLL: carniviorous, noctornal, marsupial animal. 4 of its 6 species are found in Australia.
REGION
CULTURAL REGION
SPORTS: The Australians "obsession," as you could call it, with sports is acknowledged universally. About 6 million Australians are registered sport participants, and 39% of Australian public are active in sport at some level.
TOURISM: Australia receives roughly about 0.6% of the world's tourists. Tourism employs 12% of Australian work force. Australia's fastest growing source of tourists is the Asia-Pacific region.
TECHNOLOGY: Australia is a recognized world leader in communications technology. Examples: bionic ear, voice transmission for the Internet.
GEOGRAPHIC REGION
REGIONS WITHIN THE COUNTRY
EASTERN HIGHLANDS: mountainous range with plateaus. Australia's highest peak, Mt. Kosciusko is located in the eastern highlands volcanic plugs, extinct volcanic mountains that have been eroded, are also located in this area.
CENTRAL LOWLANDS: Very dry land, many deserts. Rainfall blocked by the eastern highlands. Contains salt pans, lakes that only have water in them when it rains
WESTERN PLATEU:Low, mostly flat area, eroded over many years. Also has deserts, and is dry. Monoliths, large freestanding rocks, can be spotted throughout this area.
Australia is divided into 2 territories, Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory, and 6 states.
New South Whales
Northern Territory
Queensland
South Australia
Tasmania
Victoria
Western Australia
REFERENCES
http://www.aph.gov.au

http://www.australia.com

http://australia.gov.au

http://www.austrade.gov.au

http://geography.about.com
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