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Medical Quackery and Traditional Medicine

Health Report
by

Alexis Belen

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Medical Quackery and Traditional Medicine

Group 2 Health Report Medical Quackery & Traditional Medicine Quackery It affects the lives of many types of people - the easily persuaded and the wise, the rich and the poor and various races and religions. QUACKERY Health fads, consumer craze or consumer myths refer to beliefs about health that gain instant popularity; stay on briefly; then, die down eventually HEALTH FADS is defined by the WHO as "medicine that refers to health practices, approaches, knowledge and beliefs incorporating plant, animal and mineral-based medicines, spiritual therapies, manual techniques and exercises, applied singularly or in combination to treat, diagnose and prevent illnesses or maintain well-being" ALTERNATIVE or TRADITIONAL MEDICINE Involves the use of methods or remedies to cure diseases that are not scientifically accepted. Questionable products Questionable Ideas Questionable Services TRADEMARKS Anything involving overpromotion in the field of health. Dietary Supplements Health Fads Nonprescription Drugs EXAMPLES QUACKS are people who perform healing procedures or prescribe remedies for illnesses even without formal education and licenses. sell their own products
deceive their patients about the ability to treat
practice craft POSSIBLE EFFECTS 1. A person who is terribly ill almost always dies in the hands of a quack.

2. A sick person who goes to a quack for treatment instead of a doctor may only be prolonging his/her illness.

3. Even if no actual healing has been done, the patient gets well merely by his/her own faith, either in the quack or in the remedies given. This is called PLACEBO EFFECT.

4. Money is wasted.

5. The patient's family may only get false hopes if the quack assures them of the patient's healing. How to Identify Medical Quacks 1. Some of them utilize advertisements to promote their product. In other cases, it is by word of mouth.

2. Perform services in their own homes.

3. Some claim to have secret formulas which cannot be obtained from drugstores.

4. Some of them perform services without regard for sanitation. Using of materials which has not been sterilized.

5. Some utter vague prayers or incantations while treating.

6. Uses same procedure or formula for all kinds of illnesses. Usual Victims of Medical Quackery 1. Those who suffer from serious ailments or diseases like cancer, heart problems, etc.

2. Those who are afraid of doctors or refuse to undergo surgery even though advised to do so.

3. Those who suffer from severe pains.

4. Those who put a high premium on vanity. Possible Effects 1. These can lead to spending money on less important or unnecessary products.

2. These can lead to wasteful spending on usually overpriced specialty products.

3. These can lead to spending so much on worthless forms of therapies.

4. These can cause harm to the body. EXAMPLES 1. Supplementary food like unproven herbal drinks or energy drinks that give extra strength and increase the body's resistance to disease.

2. Organic or natural food is better than regular food available in stores.

3. Wearing copper bracelet can alleviate pain or cure diseases. Practitioners There are illnesses that can be cured by traditional practitioners using traditional medicines.

Many Filipinos, particularly the poor, turn to practitioners of traditional medicine to alleviate their pain or cure their illnesses. ALBULARYO Uses plants to cure illnesses. The plants used by albolaryo do contain substances which can cure various illnesses. These plants are called medicinal plants or herbs.

According to Michael L. Tan, an anthropology professor from the University of the Philippines, the term albularyo is a Spanish-Filipino word which means "herbalist".

In Western countries, medicinal plants are usually small but here in the Philippines, it includes both herbs and forest trees. HILOT They assist in giving birth, provide cure for sprains and muscle pains, and even give advice on family matters.

They are recognized by the DOH thus giving them trainings to enrich their knowledge and improve their skills. Categories of Herbal Drugs The WHO categorizes medicinal uses of herbal drugs as: 1. Those supported by clinical data. This category includes medical indications that are well-established in some countries and that have been validated by clinical studies documented in standard scientific literatures collected from around the world. 2. Those described in official pharmacopoeias and in traditional systems of medicine. 3. Those described in folk medicine not yet supported by experimental data or clinical data. DOH List of Medicinal Plants "scientifically-validated herbal medicinal plants" "high cost of synthetic medicines" 10 medicinal plants 1. Lagundi (Five-leafed chaste tree)
- cough, asthma, fever
2. Tsaang Gubat (Wild tea)
- diarrhea
3. Sambong (Blumea camphor)
- kidney stones, edema or manas, hypertension
4. Yerba Buena (Mint)
- body pain
5. Akapulko (Ringworm bush)
- skin diseases caused by fungi, an-an, scabies 6. Ampalaya (Bitter gourd)
- diabetes mellitus
7. Bawang (Garlic)
- high cholesterol level
8. Bayabas (Guava)
- mouth and skin infections
9. Niyug-niyogan (Burma creeper, Chinese honeysuckle)
- intestinal worms
10. Ulasimang bato/ Pansit-pansitan (Peperomia)
- high uric acid level causing arthritis and gout Other plants "scientifically-validated" 1. Luya (Ginger)
-sore throat
2. Banaba (Queen's Flower)
- diabetes
3. SLK cough syrup (sampalok, luya, kalamansi)
4. ABC leaves
(abukado, bayabas, caimito )
-diarrhea IMPORTANCE OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINE Dec. 9, 1997, Pres. Fidel Ramos signed into law R.A. No. 8423 or the Traditional and Alternative Health Center (PITAHC), an attached agency of the DOH. 1. Medicinal plants are cheap alternatives to expensive medicines.
2. Final resort for those who have incurable disease.
3. Has more holistic approach to treatment.
4. The albulary and hilot play the role of the doctors in rural areas.
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