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Phil 1000 Lecture 1

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John Hacker-Wright

on 24 August 2014

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Transcript of Phil 1000 Lecture 1

Philosophy 1000-01:
Today's Agenda:

1. Review Course Outline
2. Discuss: What is Philosophy?
Let's Review the Couse Outline:
Think of some examples of philosophical questions
What is philosophy?
Now what makes these philosophical questions?
Generally speaking philosophical questions:
What makes a question
philosophical
?
1. Treat
ultimate, big
matters rather than trivial matters:
E.g. What is the meaning of life vs.
What's for dinner?
2. Are
conceptual
rather than factual
E.g. What is truth? vs. What causes cancer?
The goal of philosophy is to arrive a
rational worldview
.
A rational worldview is a conception of nature (include human beings) that is:
1. Coherent - it doesn't contradict itself.
3. Is based on our best available evidence.
2. Doesn't make appeal to personal powers or authorities (gods, scriptures).
Philosophy and rational worldviews
A couple of important points:
1. Although we cannot explain by appeal to God or gods, God or gods can be part of a rational worldview provided that belief in them is grounded in evidence.
2. Philosophy and science work together and are often carried out by the same person.
An historical example:
Thales of Miletus
The first philosopher/scientist. Proposed that everything originates from water.
6th century BCE, Turkey (then Greek)
Test your knowledge:
Which of these is a philosophical question? Why?
1. How many particles are there in the universe?

2. Does the United States have a right to station troops in non-democratic countries if their government’s consent?

3. Why was Napolean defeated at Waterloo?

4. If someone accurately reduplicates my personality, memories, and so forth, on an android 100 years after my death, will it be me?
Major Texts
John Hacker-Wright, Ph.D.
September 6, 2012
Full transcript