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Iran Iraq War
Transcript of Iran Iraq War
(1979-1988) Beginning of the WAR Both Iran and Iraq suffered millions of casualties and billions of dollars in damage BACKGROUND Iran and Iraq had disputed control of the Shatt al-Arab, the major waterway which connect to Persian Gulf. Iraq's primary enemy was Iran specially on regional dominance. However Saddam found great chance to attack. Iran seemed vulnerable because the revolution was still going on and Khomeini was still in the process of becoming the Iranian leader. Also they were militarily weak at this point. HOWEVER
Iraq soldiers were much more stronger
within their own fortifications than
they were when human wave attacks were used with greater success inside Iran Since Iran and Iraq were two major oil producers, this war incredibly affect on oil price It was one of the most strategically important conflicts of modern times Other Major issue was religion. Even though both nations are Muslim, their perspective are different. Iraq was socialist and pro-Soviet with the ruling Ba'at Party by Sunni Branch. Iranian shah lead by Shiite was anti-socialist (though certainly not democratic) and pro-Western. Iraq leadership became an issue after the Iranian revolution, when Ayatollah Khomeini began encouraging his former colleagues to overthrow Saddam Hussein in Iraq because his regime was anti-Islamic. Saddan resonded by crackdown on Shiite fundamentalists and by sending aid to Arab separatists in Iran. BOOM! ON SEPTEMBER 17, Iraq proclaimed the Shatt "a national river". Iraq was mobilized Arab allies, and Iran warned the Gulf states they would be overthrown if they supported Saddam. Syria, Libya, China,
North Korea, Israel IRAN IRAQ Gulf State
Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Egypt, Jordan, USA, France, Soviet Union OPERATION RAMADAN an offensive, launched by Iran in July 1982 near Barsa. This operation contains 'Human Wave Attack' also battle at Basra was largest land battles since world war II Iran's first offensive to Iraq was to attack the city of Basra, since Iraq would lose access to the Persian Gulf if lost Iran used 'human wave attacks' where unarmed soldiers (mostly boys) rushed into enemy's position with the support of armed infantry and air support D-22 Operation Ramadan was extremely deadly for Iran. Result of WAR They both agreed to pre-war boundaries with no war reparations oil industries for both Iraq and Iran were crippled from bombing. the production capacity has never fully recovered. IRAN:
Wounded WHY? B/C Oil facilities were first targeted by both sides IRAQ:
Wounded TO KOREA WORK CITED "Iran-Iraq War." Iran-Iraq War. Worldology LLC 2009, n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2012. <http://www.worldology.com/Iraq/iran_iraq_war.htm>. "The Iran-Iraq War." The Iran-Iraq War. Jewish Virtual Library, n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2012. <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/arabs/iraniraq.html>. B Y E US HISTORY WAR CLASS