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Esther's First Banquet
Transcript of Esther's First Banquet
Even To Half The Kingdom
Let the king and Haman Come
3 Then said the king unto her: 'What wilt thou, queen Esther? for whatever thy request, even to the half of the kingdom, it shall be given thee.'
Even to half the kingdom: A thing that is in the middle and at the halfway mark of the kingdom. That is the Temple, which they started to build in the days of Cyrus, and he reneged and commanded to discontinue the work, and Achasuerus, who succeeded him, also discontinued the work. The simple meaning of the verse is: Even if you request half the kingdom from me, I will give it to you.
4 And Esther said: 'If it seem good unto the king, let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for him.'
2 And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, that she obtained favor in his sight; and the king held out to Esther the golden scepter that was in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the scepter.
I'll give you anything
5) Then the king said: 'Cause Haman to make haste, that it may be done as Esther hath said.' So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared.
Let the king and Haman Come: Our Sages stated many reasons for the matter. What did Esther see (i.e., what motivated her) to invite Haman? In order to make the king and the princes jealous of him, that the king should think that he desired her and kill him, and many other reasons.
Why did Esther invite Haman?
Rabbi Joshua- She learned this from her father: "If your enemy is hungry, feed him bread" (Proverbs 25:21)
Rabbi Judah- So that they wouldn't realize that she was Jewish.
Rabbi Gamliel- Achashverosh was very indecisive so Esther needed Haman to be there incase he decided to execute him and then change his mind.
During Cyrus's (Choresh) rule the Beit Hamikdash started being built but he stopped the construction. No king after him continued it. This Beit Hamikdash was in the middle of the city. Achashveirosh is telling Esther that he'd do anything for her. He'd even continue the construction of the Beit Hamikdash.
Question: Why does Esther invite Haman? What's she trying to do?
Achashveirosh hurries to Esther's party. This shows how he was faithful to her and really loved her.
Question: Why does Achashveirosh say "I would give you have of my kingdom?" Why does he specifically say half my kingdom?