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Teaching Writing

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Danielle Strohmeyer

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of Teaching Writing

Teaching Writing
Organization, Order, and Onward...
Tips for
Teaching Writing

I. Organization

II. Reading

IV. Marking

V. Takeaways

III. Writing
Process

I. Organization
Types of Writing
- Expository
- Descriptive
- Narrative
- Persuasive
To inform...
To persuade...
To describe...
To entertain...

I. Organization
Order...
- Everything should build.
For example:
- Teaching creative story writing with story arcs, leads well into personal narrative..
- Persuasive writing is easier for kids to get, and teaches the similar structure for simple expository..
- So, make sure your group is building on skills.

I. Organization
Structures...
- Make sure you teach structure.
- Know the level to start with, some levels may start at paragraphs.
- Embrace the five paragraphs, but help skilled students and higher levels expand past this.

I. Organization
You have to be the most organized one...

II. Reading
Reading Matters
Modeling is crucial.

II. Reading
- Work articles into your class reading selections.
- Reading alone may not be great homework, but accompanying it with questions to analyze it can make it more effective.
Your organization of writing is crucial to the success of your students improvement in writing.

III. Writing
Process
1. Pre-writing
- Not a short or toss away part.
Not a toss a
- Start with topic selection.
- Have a few ideas ready.
- Make them turn them in!
You should determine
here if the topic is
worthy
or not.
Don't let them get too far!
1. Pre-writing
Outlines

III. Writing
Process
- Outlines not only help with organization,
but also show structure.
- Teach them to have their research ready and organized too. Ideally, it's included in outline.
- Story diagrams are also outlines!
- Setting and character descriptions are great for fiction.

III. Writing
Process
2. Drafting
This should be so much simpler with
their outline.
- Encourage kids to type.

III. Writing
Process
3. Revising
-You're busy, but try to skim it
and offer suggestions. Don't fix
all their mistakes for them.
- Try making it a smaller side assignment for them to add revisions.

III. Writing
Process
4. Editing
- It is hard for peer edits to catch these problems.
-You can try breaking into groups and doing workshops at older/higher levels.
Embrace the peer edit,
but prepare for it!
- Make pairs of equal level.
- Prepare 'checklists' for them.
- Review them and reward students who work hard at it.
- Stress constructive criticism.
5. Publishing
- If it's not up to par, send it back!

III. Writing
Process
Sandwich those criticisms
in as much positive as
possible.

Writing makes you
feel vulnerable.

Pinpoint specific
errors.

Look closely for
structure errors.

Explain the major
grammar errors.

Explain it on a bigger scale, or students will make the same mistakes again.
Make sure you have a clear breakdown with structure, grammar, etc...
Have a rubric -
show the students.

Alter your explanations to level.
Don't accept language too low in level!
Try not to allow
students to get away with mistakes because of level.


V. Takeaways
Quality over quantity.
Don't over schedule & miss important things.

V. Takeaways
Be a structure Nazi.

V. Takeaways
Be creative!

V. Takeaways

V. Takeaways
Feedback is crucial.
- Introduce it at almost the beginning of the unit.
- You can introduce it orally, through an outline, in reading...
- Most students will be as organized as you make them be.
- Take them through the process step by step.
- These are still middle school students, we need to lay a foundation for organized writing.
You can't expect students to just understand.
You have to show them.
Finding readings:
- google - ask other teachers - reading books -
Make sure the language in examples is understandable.
The point is understanding structure.
Modeling Activities
- Focus on analyzing structure, as well as skills specific to certain writing types. For example: vivid language in descriptive essays, cause and effect in expository, transition statements in persuasive, etc...
Take your time. Break it down step-by-step.
Take a week and work on pre-writing, another for drafting, and on...
*Worthy topics are
age appropriate and
aren't too basic or simple.
- Provide them (or teach them) a format.
First Draft
- Try asking for two copies -
to prepare for editing.
- You're not doing students any favors for the future by letting them hand write.
You can also make this another side assignment.
Final Draft
- Should be the easiest part of all after all the other steps.
Don't let yourself or students get too caught up in making things long. The best writers tell more in less words.
Try to get students to work on:
- Not repeating details.
- Not overusing adjectives and adverbs.
- Not using irrelevant or unnecessary information.
- You've got at least 3 - 4 weeks for each type of writing. Utilize them all.
- Consider breaking it down by step.
For example, maybe week one - pre-
writing, with writing an outline as the
weekend homework.
- This lays the groundwork for more advanced writing.
- It also makes your job grading much
easier.
Fun topics help encourage kids with a subject that can sometimes be a non-favorite.
For example -
"How to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse"
Scoring isn't enough. You've got to comment and explain, or students aren't going to improve very much.
Don't forget to also offer suggestions to strong writers for advancing their writing.
Full transcript