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Effectiveness of the UN

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Sydnie Okabe

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of Effectiveness of the UN

When?





Effectiveness of the UN
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Creation of the UN
Peacekeeping
International Criminal Court
The Security Council
Questions
Situated in Hague, Netherlands
What is it?

Where is it located?
Creation?
Rome Statute in July 2002
5 permanent members:
Role of the Security Council
Maintain of international peace and security
Establish of peacekeeping operations
establish of International sanctions
authorization for military action
Veto Power
A veto is a vote which cancels the action of a new motion
Only the 5 permanent members hold this power to veto a decision
If a permanent member veto's a UN resolution it will not pass

Why is it used?
Formed in 1945 after WWII in order to ensure that another World War was not started

A permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and the crime against aggression.
- Ensures no bribery/corruption within local governments to make sure all are tried fairly under international law
When does it have authority?
When non-member states are unwilling or unable to prosecute a crime
Whats the Purpose?
Court Indictees- ICC member nations own country politics a key factor as they don't want to help locate court officials
Undermining- China, Russia and USA permanent members but don't recgonize its authority
Azerbaijan, Argentina, Australia, Guatemala, Republic of Korea, Morocco, Pakistan, Luxembourg, Rwanda and Togo
What Is It?
The General Assembly consists of policy making and representation of the United Nations. It provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of international issues covered by the Charter.
1) To develop + maintain peace and Security

2) To develop friendly relations between
nations

3) Try and solve international problems
+ promoting respect for human rights

4) To be a center for harmonizing the
actions of the worlds nations
Africa- Majority of cases in Africa due to extremely poor standards of justice
China, Russia, France, Great Britain, and the United States
Questions relating to international peace and security brought before it by any Member of the United Nations, or by the Security Council.

10 elected members:
Criticisms
Specific Purpose of UN
Criticisms
Cohesion of the EU
Bloc Voting
Peacekeeping
Veto
1) Develop international laws for
the world to follow

2) Promote international security

3) Promote economic development

4) Promote Social Progress

5) Promote Human Rights
Benefits
Right and wrong- almost all the world is committed to the idea that certain crimes should never go unpunished and the universal understanding of what is right and what is wrong
What is discussed in it?
What are it's Powers
- To oversee the budget of the UN
- To receive reports from other parts of the UN
- To make recommendations in the form of resolution
- To appoint non-permanent members to the Security Council
When is it Held?
In regular yearly sessions from September to December and if needed in January until all issues are addressed
Initiation of studies for the purpose of promoting international co-operation and International Law
Measures for the peaceful adjustment of situations it feels are likely to impair the general welfare or friendly relations among nations
Benefits and Criticism of Peacekeeping
Benefits
- shared burden of international security
- neutral party to work out peaceful resolutions
- low cost
S.O
A.F.
A.F
1.) Do you think that we should abolish the veto vote?
2.) Is the ICC a useful UN organ? Why? Why not?
3.) Is peacekeeping a way of the pass?
By: Brittany B, Sydnie O, Joelle L, Adam F, and Ryan MC
Peacekeeping is an instrument developed to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for lasting peace
Can be used when two parties under peace treaty desire a neutral force oversee the process of continuing peace
The first peacekeeping mission was in 1948 to the newly created Israel
The process was developed more closely during the Cold War
The UN has led a total of 63 peacekeeping missions since its creation
There are 15 missions continuing today

JL
The Structure of the UN
Rwanda
Rwanda
Criticisms
- increased prostitution, child prostitution, sexual abuse and other human rights violations in countries where peacekeeping has been deployed
- the spread of AIDs
- inability to prevent conflict,
only to deal with the aftermath
- transparency issues
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
The UN is not a government in the sense that it does not make laws for the rest of the world to follow
established in Nov. 1994 by UN Security Council to deal with those responsible for Rwandan Genocide
so far finished 50 trials and convicted 29 individuals
The sovereignty and self determination of nations is recognized and respected
Success:
Angola, Guatemala
The role of the UN
is to provide a forum
for discussion and to ive a sense of what
it world generally
believes in
Green- official investigations (Uganda, Kenya, Congo)

Light Red- Ongoing Preliminary Examinations (Afghanistan, North Korea, Georgia)

Dark Red- Closed Preliminary Examinations (Iraq, Palestine)
Failure:
Rwanda, Cambodia
BB
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A.F
BB
BB
Who Did What
Adam Felton: Creation of The UN
Once the Debate is over, the General Assembly’s six Main Committees select their officers and get down to dealing with the items on the Assembly’s agenda
Follow Up
1. Disarmament and International Security Committee
2. Economic and Financial Committee
3. Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee
4. Special Political and Decolonization Committee
5. Administrative and Budgetary Committee
6. Legal Committee
The General Assembly
RMC
RMC
RMC
Ryan MC : The General Assembly
Joelle Kasia: Peacekeeping

Brittany Braun: International Criminal Court
Sydnie Okabe: Security Council
Full transcript