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Monet and Whistler in London; Painting Techniques and the Manifestation of Light
Transcript of Monet and Whistler in London; Painting Techniques and the Manifestation of Light
Painting Techniques and the Manifestation of Light ART200
April 26, 2011 Class Exercise Compare Monet's Houses of Parliament at sunset to the Photograph of the Houses of Parliament at sunset What is similar?
What is different? Class Exercise Compare this Monet painting to Whistler's What is similar?
What is different? "Houses of Parliament, London,
Sun Breaking Through the Fog "
Claude Monet, 1904
Oil on Canvas "Westminster Sunset:
The Houses of Parliament as the
Sun Goes Down" (Daily Mail, 2009) Whistler Monet Why London?
Why Whistler and Monet? Claude Monet 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926 French born
Spent time in London
Was the inspiration for the term "Impressionism"
Obesessed with light and color
Had strong ideals Oscar "Impression Sunrise," 1872
Oil on Canvas Monet's London Series Quote James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 10, 1834- July 17, 1903) Moving to Impressionism Early Time in London American born
Studied art in France
Spent various periods of time in London throughout adulthood
Got his start as a draftsman
Had a complex personality
Mostly known as a portrait painter or designer
Distinguished himself from other Impressionists for two reasons; Nocturnes and compositional design The Nocturnes Technique Sunlight Obession “I worked so hard today, there was some sun but so
many changes, so many transformations, I was supposed
to start painting tonight at the club but I’m so tired,
especially my feet and legs after standing all day.” Feb 28 1901 Monet Whistler Impressionists + Contemporaries
Worked in London but were not natives
Color theory invention
The River Thames as subject matter
Began careers as more naturalist/figurative painters
Neither were plein air painters
Both respected each other French
Obessed with sunlight, bridges, and water
Best work during the day
More concerned with capturing fleeting moments than compositional elements
Leader in movement
Did not plan/design compositions beforehand
Thick, blotches of paint American
Studied art in France and England
Draftsmen; concerned with composition
Claimed to despise Turner, despite obvious similarities
Best work at night
Thin/transparencies of paint
Mid 19th-early 20th century style
Required painterly skill- Brush Strokes became visible: Dry (Monet) or Fluid (Whistler)
New interest in common, everyday subjects but no one subject matter
First real break in art patronage; collectors did not immediately like style
Style really originated in France but was soon readily apparent in the U.K.
Painters were grouped together but were very different amongst themselves
All about a feeling felt within a moment
Objects were no longer separated from surroundings First moved there 1850's
Spent early career doing prints of the Thames
Moved back and forth between London and Paris
Obessed with idea of capturing London at night 31 known works
Whistler's greatest acheivement
Best known Nocturnes were done in London
Term coined by Fredrick Leyland
Term means twilight or evening
Line, Form, and Color
Use of gas and electric outdoor lighting was very new. Few paintings done of this time of night Procedure The Court Case- "Art for Art's Sake" 1877
Ruskin v. Whistler
Ruskin criticized Nocturne painting
Sued Ruskin for libel
Driven out of London "Nocturne Blue and Silver-Chelsea," 1871
Oil on panel (Demonstration) “For me, a landscape does not exist in its own right, since
its appearance changes at every moment; but the surrounding atmosphere
brings it to life - the light and the air which vary continually.”
CLAUDE MONET "Waterloo Bridge, Mist," 1901
Monet Great Quote Went abroad 1870-1871 for a brief stay.
Early trip started infatuation with bridges
Came back to London in the autumn of 1899, after painting waterlilies. Resumes work on his Thames series. Stays for 3 months
Returns in 1901 to finish his Thames series. Does not finish in London but continues work in his studio in France
Introduction to Turner Trips to London Went to Art School but fought against many schools of thought
Obsessed with color and idea of capturing a fleeting moment
Thought real art took courage
Fought the narrative "Charing Cross Bridge," 1899-1901
Monet "Rain, Steam and Speed - The Great Western Railway." 1844
William Turner Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket, 1875
Whistler The River Thames Thank you!
Questions? "When it gets dark,
I feel as though I’m dying” Claude Monet Impressionism in England and France Fun Facts! Artists- Summary