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# Shape & Proportion

Design Studies 10. Elements and Principles Part 2 Group Project. By Kristi and Muellysa.
by

## Kristi Mac

on 11 February 2014

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#### Transcript of Shape & Proportion

Shapes happen when a line intersects with other lines or itself to close a space. Shapes are only 2D and have both height and width, but no depth.
Shape is an area that stands out from what is beside it because of color, texture, or value.
SHAPE &
PROPORTION
There are many ways that shapes can enhance layouts. Shapes can be used to attract interest, organize or separate, and lastly, shapes can be used to just make your design be filled with more variety.
The three different types of shapes are geometric, natural, and abstract. Geometric shapes are well-structured. Natural shapes are things like plants, animals, or humans. Abstract shapes are just simple, natural shapes.
Shape and proportion are both similar and needed in order to make designs look good. Proportion helps shape balance throughout the whole design and help them stand out more.
The perimeter of a design is defined when the space is isolated to create a shape and the area that was made is intended to stand out from the area that's around the shape. Proportion is the relative size of parts within a whole. Just like the Face Statue displayed in Downtown Calgary.
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BY: KRISTI & MUELLYSA
Proportion is about the use of space and size that's on a shape or a design. It's important that the relationship between the two are used properly to make the design fit.
source: http://char.txa.cornell.edu/language/principl/principl.htm
Proportion is used in everyday life. It's used to design bridges, schools, roads, homes, and many other things. For example, in a neighborhood, homes are usually proportioned to make the design eye catching.
source: http://www.educ.kent.edu/community/vlo/design/elements/shape/index.html
source: http://hec.ednet.ns.ca/courses/multimedia12/imagery-unit/elements-of-design-article.htm
source: http://hec.ednet.ns.ca/courses/multimedia12/imagery-unit/elements-of-design-article.htm
If a shape or a design is not proportioned properly, it could look distorted. If the space and size are not coordinated right in a design, it becomes the center of attention. The whole design should receive all the attention and not just a certain part of it. That is why space and size is important because you want to draw the viewers attention.
source: http://char.txa.cornell.edu/language/principl/principl.htm
source: http://www.incredibleart.org/files/elements.htm
Shapes have positive and negative space. The positive shapes are solid areas in paintings, drawings, or even sculptures.
The negative shapes are anything that surrounds the positive spaces.
source: http://www.incredibleart.org/files/elements.htm
The appropriate proportion of designs such as private homes are usually balanced with human measure to make the appearance appear welcoming, cozy, and comfortable. For example, when organizing a room, you would use the proper size and scale to make the room look organized and well-suited together by using a design that matches the furniture and windows.
source: http://char.txa.cornell.edu/language/principl/principl.htm
source: http://char.txa.cornell.edu/language/principl/principl.htm
A common example of proportion would be the human body.
source: http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/design-in-art-scale-and-proportion
Proportion is not just used in shapes; it's used in every element such as form and value, too. Proportion is always in relation with another element.
source: classroom examples
source: classroom examples
In this photo, you can see how the spaces in between the pillars are nicely proportioned with a curved shape.
Here, the designer made the lines intersect with other lines and it isolates space, creating the shape of the face.
source: classroom examples
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