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COSMETOLOGY I: Principles of Hair Design

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Briona Jaramillo

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of COSMETOLOGY I: Principles of Hair Design

Cosmetology 1 Chapter 12-Principals of Hair Design Principles of Hair Design Special Considerations Profiles Facial Divisions Designs For Men Facial Types Rhythm Emphasis Lines Color Continued Elements of Hair Design Vertical lines: Lines that make hairstyles appear longer and more narrow.
Horizontal lines: Lines that create the illusion of width.
Diagonal lines: In between Horizontal and Vertical lines. Emphasize or Minimize facial features
Single lines: One line that creates the whole style.
Parallel lines: Repeating lines throughout the style.
Contrasting lines: Horizontal and Vertical lines through out the hair that meet at a 90 degree angle.
Transitional lines: Lines usually in a curved style used to blend and soften Horizontal and Vertical lines. Form: The mass or general outline of a hairstyle, 3 dimensional; length, width, and depth (volume)
Space: The area that the hair style occupies; also thought of as the area inside the form.
Texture: The wave pattern of a hairstyle. Color is used to make a design appear smaller or larger depending on the preference
Dimensions with color: Color can give the illusion of depth by color choice; warm colors give volume, cool colors give less volume.
Lines with color: Color can be used to draw attention to specific areas, a line can direct the eye where to start and end in a hairstyle based on color choice.
Strong Contrast/Special Effect: Grabs attention and should only be used on clients who can carry a bold look. Rhythm is a regular pulsations or reoccurring pattern of movement in a design .
Fast rhythm: Styles that move quickly like tight curls.
Slow rhythm: Styles that move very slow like long waves. Emphasis: The main focus when you look at a hair style.
Draws the eyes to a certain point in the style, and directs the the way the eye travels. Oval face: Considered to be the ideal face shape. Facial contour; 1 1/2 times the width of the face, with a forehead slightly larger then the chin. (can wear virtually any hair style.)
Round face: Wide face. Facial contour; round hair line and round chin line. Aim; Try to create the illusion of length to the face, will give a slimming result. (Best hairstyle; something with volume at the top and closeness on the sides.)
Square face: Equally long and wide. Facial contour; Wide at temples, narrow middle third of the face. and squared off at jaw line. Aim; off set or round out square features. (Best hair style; softened hair around edges, temples and jaw line. Bring shape by adding volume to mid section and keep the hair close at head in temple and jaw area.)
Pear/Triangle face: Long, narrow at top wide bottom. Facial contour; Long, narrow, forehead and wide chin, predominate jaw line. Aim; Create forehead width. (Best hair style; something with volume at temples and some top volume, also.)
Oblong face: Rectangular shaped. Facial contour; Long, narrow with hollow cheeks. Aim; Give the illusion of a shorter wider face shape. (Best hair style; Keep hair fairly close to top of the head with some side volume and longer hair but not too long.)
Diamond face: Wide cheeks. Facial contour; narrow forehead, extreme cheek bones and wide middle section of face and narrow chin line. Aim; reduce cheek width. (Best hair style; Increasing the width of forehead and jaw lines, while keeping hair line close to the head at cheek bones.) AVOID;Hair styles that lift from cheek lines or move back from hair line.
Heart/Inverted Triangle face: Wide up and narrow down. Facial contour; Wide forehead and decrease in width down face. Aim; Add width at jaw line. (Best hairstyle; Close to head no volume, fringed bangs recommended. Increase width gradually, most width at chin and neck line.) Profile, is the view of the face from a different angle, like the side. Three facial divisions; Top Third, Middle Third, and Lower Third.

Top Third; Narrow forehead, Receding forehead, and Large forehead.

Middle Third; Close set eyes, Wide set eyes, Wide flat nose, and Long narrow nose.

Lower Third; Round jaw, Square jaw, Long jaw, and Receding chin. Facial hair can help give illusions to help men with their appearance.
A man with a predominate chin should were a full beard and mustache. this will help give the illusion of a more proportionate chin.
And a man with a wider face, that wants to have facial hair should keep it close and trimmed, for the illusion of a slimmer face. Single Vertical Horizontal Diagonal Parallel Contrasting Transitional Form Space Texture Dimensions Lines Strong Contrast/Special Effect Balance Balance: Establishing equal or appropriate proportions to the hair style, creating symmetry.
Symmetrical balance: Usually pertains to equal or even, a perfect match.
Asymmetrical: Unequal, different, and bold yet still balanced hair styles. Balance Symmetrical Asymmetrical Proportions Facial and body size;
Large hair can help slim both a full-figured woman, as well a s a petite woman. Depends on the result the client is wanting. And what will compliment them. Fast Rhythm Slow Rhythm Harmony Harmony: The creation of a united design.
Holds everything together and gives it a whole affect. Harmony Emphasis Oval Round Square Pear Oblong Diamond Heart Top Third Middle Third Lower Third Top Third contains the area from the eyebrows to the hair line. Narrow forehead: Small forehead. Adding width to temples and directing hair away from the face are the best ways to correct this.
Receding forehead: Inset forehead. Adding bangs over the forehead with out word volume for best correction.
Large forehead: Large, and predominate forehead. Use bangs with no volume to cover forehead for best correction. Middle Third includes the section below eye brows and ends at nose. The End By: Briona J. Jaramillo Close set eyes: Giving height at the back and pulling hair away from temples helps change eye width. Also slight lightening of the hair at and around corners of eyes, helps give the illusion of width.
Wide set eyes: Raising a half-bang creates illusion of length in the face. Also hair should be slightly darker on the sides.
Wide/Flat nose: Drawing hair away from the face and using a center part can elongate nose.
Long Narrow nose: Use a style that moves away from the face, this will widen the face. Stay away from volume on top, middle parts, and close tapered styles especially on the sides. Lower Third Section is from under the nose to the underside of the chin. Round Jaw: Giving straight lines at the jaw line gives the illusion of a less round chin/jaw line.
Square Jaw: Having curved lines at jaw line will give a curved look to the jaw line
Long Jaw; Having full and long hair that falls below jaw line will make the jaw look shorter.
Receding Jaw: directing hair forward will seem to bring the jaw line and chin forward. Straight profile; is considered the ideal profile. Very straight and symmetric curvature. All hair styles flatter this profile.
Convex profile; Usually pertains to protruding features such as the forehead and chin. Most flattering hair style should be close to the head with bangs, and hair kept close around the nape.
Concave profile; Receding facial features usually and forehead and chin. Best style for this is soft styling, with hair close to nape with and upward motion all around and no hair on the forehead. Straight Convex Concave Receding Narrow Large Close set Wide set Wide/Flat Long/Narrow Round Square Long Receding Predominate Chin Wide Face
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