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Art History-Architecture (1900-1950)
Transcript of Art History-Architecture (1900-1950)
some including railway stations, post offices,
and resorts. Some Futuristic buildings we still
use today, are the Trento's railway station, and
the Santa Maria Novella station in Italy, both
built by Angiolo Mazzoni. The Einstein Tower by Erich Mendelsohn, 1920 There are several distinct characteristics for this movement which include; distorted shapes, organic forms, extensive use of concrete and brick, and many drawings done on paper but never built. Most buildings are made out of brick, steel and glass. The Expressionism Architecture movement inspired many others. Art Deco and Neo Expressionism branch from Expressionism Architecture. The Glass Pavilion by
1914 A popular form of modern architecture is constructivist architecture. It emerged from Russian Futurism in the 1920's and early 1930's. It was very abstract and full of geometric shapes. The image on the left is a model of Tatlin's Tower originally designed by Vladimir Tatlin. Some other architects important to the development of the modernist movement include Frank Lloyd Wright,Walter Gropius, and Alvar Aalto. A famous example of an Art Deco building would be the Chrysler Building in New York, designed by William Van Alen. This building was the world's tallest for eleven months before the Empire State Building was built. Art Deco was influenced by Cubism, Constructivism, Modernism, and Futurism. The Futuristic architect Antonio Sant'Elia expressed his ideas of futurism in his drawings for La Città Nuova. (The New City) Unfortunately, his project was never built because he was killed during the First World War, however, his drawings influenced future architects. During the 1930's most of the population (15%) were living in poverty. Modernist living was an ideal solution to this problem, however, this style of architecture didn't work for families and the community. Many of the buildings built in this time period were pulled down in the 70's. Frank Lloyd Wright Wright was born on June 8th, 1867 and died on April 9th 1959. He was an American architect, interior designer, and writer. He was the most influential architect of the 20th Century. His architectual career lasted over 70 years, during which he designed more than 1,000 structures, of those 532 were built, and wrote around 20 books. www.franklloydwright.org Greek Orthodox Church
Wisconsin, 1956 Imperial Hotel
Tokyo, Japan, 1922