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Art History-Architecture (1900-1950)

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by

Sarah Lucier

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of Art History-Architecture (1900-1950)

(1900-1950) Architecture Futurist architecture started early in the 20th Century (1909) in Italy. The movement lasted until 1944, however, it began to lose its momentum after the death of Umberto Boccioni. (An Italian painter and sculpture who helped shape the Futurism movement.) This movement not only attracted poets, musicians, and artists, but a large number of architects. It emphasized themes associated with the future; anything new, and anything having to do with technology, and objects such as cars, airplanes, and cities. In addition to their obsession with new things they were equally interested in a complete disposal of the past. Some characteristics of this style include long dynamic lines, suggesting speed, motion and urgency. Futurism Expressionist architecture was an architectural movement developed in Europe in the early 20th Century just after the First World War. (1910-1930) It evolved from the work from multiple artists and designers from several different European countries. Many expressionist architects who fought in WWI used their experiences to create new projects. Economic conditions limited the amount of buildings made between 1914 to mid 1920's, so many projects remained on paper. Expressionism Modernism architecture began in the early 20th Century. By the 1920's, most of the prominent figures of this movement, established their reputations. It was not until after the Second World War that it became popular. Some common characteristics of modern architecture include simplicity, visual expression of structure, and natural appearance of material. This movement was introduced to keep up with the changing society. Modernism Art Deco Art Deco is a design style which originated in France during the 1920's, continued into the 30's, and finally diminished before the Second World War. This style is characterized by bold geometric shapes, rich colours, and exotic materials. Most Art Deco architects covered their buildings with symbolic images. Several Futuristic buildings were built,
some including railway stations, post offices,
and resorts. Some Futuristic buildings we still
use today, are the Trento's railway station, and
the Santa Maria Novella station in Italy, both
built by Angiolo Mazzoni. The Einstein Tower by Erich Mendelsohn, 1920 There are several distinct characteristics for this movement which include; distorted shapes, organic forms, extensive use of concrete and brick, and many drawings done on paper but never built. Most buildings are made out of brick, steel and glass. The Expressionism Architecture movement inspired many others. Art Deco and Neo Expressionism branch from Expressionism Architecture. The Glass Pavilion by
Bruno Taut
1914 A popular form of modern architecture is constructivist architecture. It emerged from Russian Futurism in the 1920's and early 1930's. It was very abstract and full of geometric shapes. The image on the left is a model of Tatlin's Tower originally designed by Vladimir Tatlin. Some other architects important to the development of the modernist movement include Frank Lloyd Wright,Walter Gropius, and Alvar Aalto. A famous example of an Art Deco building would be the Chrysler Building in New York, designed by William Van Alen. This building was the world's tallest for eleven months before the Empire State Building was built. Art Deco was influenced by Cubism, Constructivism, Modernism, and Futurism. The Futuristic architect Antonio Sant'Elia expressed his ideas of futurism in his drawings for La Città Nuova. (The New City) Unfortunately, his project was never built because he was killed during the First World War, however, his drawings influenced future architects. During the 1930's most of the population (15%) were living in poverty. Modernist living was an ideal solution to this problem, however, this style of architecture didn't work for families and the community. Many of the buildings built in this time period were pulled down in the 70's. Frank Lloyd Wright Wright was born on June 8th, 1867 and died on April 9th 1959. He was an American architect, interior designer, and writer. He was the most influential architect of the 20th Century. His architectual career lasted over 70 years, during which he designed more than 1,000 structures, of those 532 were built, and wrote around 20 books. www.franklloydwright.org Greek Orthodox Church
Wisconsin, 1956 Imperial Hotel
Tokyo, Japan, 1922
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