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Transcript of Aristotle
The Greek philosopher was the tutor of the legendary Alexander the Great who went on to conquer the world and was also the student of the prominent philosopher Plato for twenty years (Phelps & J. Lehman, 2005, p. 174).
"Aristotle delivered lectures on which his students took detailed notes, and which eventually became the basis of treatises on politics, ethics, logic, metaphysics and poetics" (Cole, Symes, Coffin, & Stacey, 2012, p. 88).
Aristotle's logic involved being able to recognize when judgment required evidence and then confirm the validity of the reasoning behind it.
Aristotle would ask, "What is the purpose of life?" The theory behind this question is teleology. This theory concerns what the reason is behind the purpose or goal of something that exists (Bleiberg, Evans, Figg, Soergel, Friedman, 2005, p. 262).
Aristotle distinguishes six types of political states: monarchy; tyranny; aristocracy; oligarchy; Polity; democracy (Darity Jr., 2008, p. 175).
Aristotle: The Great Philosopher
Aristotle was born near the Greek Village of Stagira in 384 BCE, which later came under control of the city of Macedonia (Darity Jr., 2008, p. 174).
"MAN IS BY NATURE A POLITICAL ANIMAL."
“Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.”-Aristotle
“The Law is Reason free from Passion.”
“Philosophy can make people sick.”
― Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
Aristotle identified that everything has four causes: material; formal; efficient; purpose. (Bleiberg, Evans, Figg, Soergel, Friedman, 2005, p. 262).
The Metropolitan Museum of Western Civilization to display historical and interactive media on the works of Aristotle within the Department of Greek and Roman Art
When: December of 2015
‘The study of being qua being’
A metaphysician studies things in a more general and abstract way (the qua being) (Nardo & Kebric, 2007, p. 217).
The heart of Metaphysics is substance and its properties
"Metaphysics involves intuitive knowledge of unprovable starting-points (concepts and truth) and demonstrative knowledge of what follows from them" (Aristotle, Metaphysics).
Death: 322 BC · Chalcis, Greece
Aristotle's life changed the course of Western learning and still continues to impact studies today.
His works inspired the search for the fundamental principles that govern our humnanity and the universe
Aristotle. (2005). In E. I. Bleiberg, J. A. Evans, K. M. Figg, P. M. Soergel, & J. B. Friedman (Eds.), Arts and Humanities Through the Eras (Vol. 2, pp. 260-263). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from http://0-go.galegroup.com.library2.pima.edu/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3427400295&v=2.1&u=pima_main&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=026a0cf9fb24065a505e7ae3860699bb
Aristotle. (2008). In W. A. Darity, Jr. (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 174-175). Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA. Retrieved from http://0-go.galegroup.com.library2.pima.edu/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3045300115&v=2.1&u=pima_main&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=20af219ea370eb9476711e4d80948e91
Aristotle. (2005). In S. Phelps & J. Lehman (Eds.), West's Encyclopedia of American Law (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 331-332). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved from http://0-go.galegroup.com.library2.pima.edu/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3437700337&v=2.1&u=pima_main&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=05923d30bbd7d4e7893840dc96f2d72e
Kraut, Richard, "Aristotle's Ethics", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2014 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2014/entries/aristotle-ethics/>.
Metaphysics. (2007). In D. Nardo, R. B. Kebric (Ed.), The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece (p. 217). Detroit: Greenhaven Press. Retrieved from http://0-go.galegroup.com.library2.pima.edu/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3205000497&v=2.1&u=pima_main&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=489266a073fc70044ffb0b2ec32742e5
Logic. (2011). In B. Duignan (Ed.), The History of Philosophy. Ancient Philosophy (pp. 88-94). New York: Britannica Educational Publishing with Rosen Educational Services. Retrieved from http://0-go.galegroup.com.library2.pima.edu/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX4173600039&v=2.1&u=pima_main&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=ed6c93785f245748dc2709ddb43aed4d
Cole, J., Symes, C., Coffin, J., & Stacey, R. (2012). Western civilizations their history & their culture (3rd brief ed., Vol. I). New York: W.W. Norton & Inc.
Video retrieved from: (2014, October 29). Retrieved October 6, 2015, from https://youtu.be/csIW4W_DYX4
Photo retrieved from: Library of Congress
Aristotle brought to light how important it is to determine the type of political association that is the most effective and beneficial in assuring the individual's happiness.
In the eyes of the philosopher, individuals only fulfill their ultimate purpose when they are fully involved in the affairs of the state.
This exhibit seeks to recognize and connect with the discoveries and philosophies of one of Western's most influential and greatest minds...
Aristotle's work is essentially the starting point for many arguments of aesthetics, ethics, political theory, and logic.
Aristotle defines poetry as an imitation of a creative portrayment of objects and events in the world (Kraut, 2014, p. 265).
As humans, we have a strong desire and pull towards imitation.
His greatest contribution to logic is syllogism, which is an argument that utilizes deductive reasoning to reach a conclusion based on two or more premises that are asserted or seen to be true (Duignan, 2011, p. 88).
Also referred to as "first philosophy" by Aristotle
“Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.”
“Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime.”
“PLOT is CHARACTER revealed by ACTION.”