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The Renaissance

A retrospective view on the time period that changed the world forever.
by

Cole Carter

on 12 October 2016

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Transcript of The Renaissance

The Protestant Reformation
The Renaissance & The Reformation
Martin Luther
John Calvin
Reformation Spreads
English Reformation
Renaissance= "Rebirth"
Cultural and intellectual movement
Began in Italy in 1300s
Spreads to rest of Europe
Period of time of incredible Art and Literature
*CULTURE* Element of Culture
Renaissance Beliefs:
Peasants believe in life on earth
Merchants dominant class
Artists celebrate life
Authors question everything
Scholars read classical Greek and Roman works
Followed the Crusades and Middle Ages of LITTLE PROGRESS IN SOCIETY, RELIGIOUS FOCUSED
Notable Renaissance Pieces
Create or Re-create your own Renaissance piece!
World Cultures Mini-Art Assignment
Assignment: Re-create a painting, architecture or statue/sculpture in picture form (standard sized unlined paper) from the Renaissance.
OR
Create your own piece of Renaissance Artwork using styles of perspective and humanism in mind.

In addition to your art you must also write a paragraph explaining what artist you tried to exemplify and what characteristics are featured or explain their piece and what evidence is shown in their artwork to identify it as theirs/resonates Renaissance ideals

Grades:
10 points – for effort, for the artwork piece, ID of artist or of your own, location, and name of piece (can also be included in paragraph)
5 points – for the 1 paragraph explanation of the piece and how it represent Renaissance ideas

Possible Artists:
Michelangelo Raphael
Da Vinci
Durer
Brunelleschi
Donatello
Botticelli
Ghiberti
Fiorentino
School of Athens-Raphael
-Divine knowledge front and center with Plato and Aristotle
-21 Greek philosophers depicted
Creation of Adam-Sistine Chapel
-Ceiling Painting
-One of Michelangelo few series of paintings

Michelangelo
Mona Lisa-Da Vinci
The David-Michelangelo
Santa Maria del Fiore-
Cathedral-Duomo
Fillipo Brunelleschi
-largest brick dome in the world
Represents - Civil liberties as it is biblical David
Complexity of Expression
One of the most recognizable paintings in the world
Johann Gutenberg
Inventor of the printing press
Immediate affect: People become more literate, gain access to a broad range of knowledge
Movable block system
Borrow heavy finances to fund project
The Italian City-States
Review: Medici Family?
Milan, Venice, & Florence-Why?
Why not Siena?
Venice
was republic with a leader called the
Doge
Milan
founded by mercenaries
Francesco Sforza becomes duke, uses tax system to run city
Papal State
Rome, under control of catholic church
Kingdom of Naples
Monarchy
Why would people invade these areas?
T-P-S
Spanish and French
Investigate and Relate
What was their involvement?
Renaissance Society
Baldassare Castiglione
wrote
Book of the Courtier
Ideal men and women defined
Nobles had high expectations
Urban society dominated by middle class
burgher-member of the middle class
Ex. shopkeepers, artisans, guild tradesmen
Arranged marriages common
Humanism
belief in the classics
grammar, lit., rhetoric, philosophy, history
Father of humanism=Francesco Petrarch
Used classic Latin as basis
Cicero (Roman) was prose model
Virgil (Roman) was poetry model
Group Activity: Create-Mini Poster for Renaissance School
-Outlined procedures for school taught by humanists
Renaissance Art Revisited
fresco
-painting done on fresh plaster with water based paints

perspective-
technique that gives 3-D features to 2-D surfaces
Two Key Players
Martin Luther
John Calvin
-1500s, brought on by a call for a Reform to Christian faith
-Starts with Erasmus questioning
-How do humans live good lives on a daily basis
-Translation of bible in 1382, Wycliffe
German, from Wittenberg
Angered by money for rebuilding St. Peters Cathedral and giving indulgences
Creates
95 Theses
Arguments against indulgences
Indulgences - pardon of sin
Pope had no right, no basis in Bible

Razor sharp and brilliant French man
Book:
Institutes of the Christian Religion
Puts fourth idea of
predestination
God determined salvation long before faith
Two kinds of people to Calvinists
Saints and Sinners
Spread of Lutheranism
N. Europe adopt Protestant -"protest" papal authority
Spurs 1524 Peasants Revolt
Denounced by Luther
German Nobles work with him to restore social order
Calvinism
1541, Geneva, Switzerland
John Calvin sets up
theocracy
Gov't run by the church
Strict society rules
No dress, dancing, fighting
Stress-work, discipline, honesty morality
Society set-up becomes model of Europe
Inspires other religions Presbyterians(Scotland, John Knox)
DO NOT BELIEVE IN
religious toleration
separation of church and state
Calvinists also called Puritans.............
Bell Ringer/T-P-S
In 1600 how many religions were there in Europe?
-Begins movement to renounce Pope
-Salvation through faith alone and Bible sole source of religious truth
-Clergy no longer celibate
-Keeps 2 of 7 sacraments

Luther
Peace of Augsburg
Resolution:
Monarchs and emperors choose religion
North -Protestant, South Catholic
Result:
Explain social order?
Brainstorm
Why/how do we still see religious conflict today?
True/False - Is religion an element of culture?
In Europe during the Renaissance a majority of places were ruled how?
BIG FIVE CAUSES of the REFORMATION-

Catholic Church NEEDED reform
Printing Press enabled more people to read and interpret the Bible*
Strong kings wanted to rule their countries without foreign interference from the Pope
Merchants supported the King*
Catholic Church sold indulgences-
a grant by the pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins
Religious
sects
spring up
sub-group of theology
One group
Anabaptists
Believe infants too young to receive baptism (WHY)
Peaceful, influenced a lot of Protestant groups across Europe
Favored religious persecution and separation of church/state
Baptists, Quakers, Mennonites, and Amish all trace ancestral line to Anabaptists
King Henry VIII
The Scientific Revolution
England
Defends Church
Seeks annulment
Canceled marriage
Wife-Catherine of Aragon-Spanish
Pope Refuses, breaks from Catholic Church
Identify the root words in Protestant and Reformation.
http://www.history.com/topics/martin-luther-and-the-95-theses/videos/martin-luther-sparks-a-revolution
Henry Declares Supremacy
Act of Supremacy
Makes himself supreme head on Earth and Church of England
Devout Catholics refuse this notion
Thomas More
*
canonized
recognized as a Saint
Henry gets annulment
Create Anglican Church (Church of England)
Not radical, keeps most Catholic worship
Reformation In England
Henry VII dies, infamous 6 wives
English Parliament and Edward (Henry's only male heir) establish
Book of Common Prayer (moderate Protestant beliefs)
Mary Tudor becomes Queen
Re-establish England to Catholic
Burns Protestants at the stake
Queen Elizabeth I
Gains throne after Mary
Creates
Elizabethan Settlement
Reforms for compromise between Catholic and Protestant views
Keeps Catholic ceremony and ritual
Reaffirms monarch as head of church
Accepts Protestant Doctrine
Allows English to replace Latin Service
Maintains Catholic tradition, with Protestant Nation
Catholic Reformation
Pope Paul III
Establishes Council of Trent (1545)
-confirms Bible not only source of Religious truth
Creates penalties for corruption
Strengthens
Inquisition

church court deciding what was irreligious

Pope Paul III
Recognizes new religious order
Jesuits
(Society of Jesus)
goal; combat heresy (contrary beliefs) and spread of religious faith
founded by Ignatius of Loyola
Spanish knight, soldier of God
Set up schools
Enforced discipline and belief
The Scientific Revolution
Period during the 1500s and 1600s in which Europeans make strides in medicine and science
People question accepted beliefs
They test theories and observe results
Copernicus
Kepler
Galileo
Newton
Robert Boyle
Descartes
Francis Bacon
Group Activity
Machiavelli on Power
Niccolo Machiavelli
Wrote
The Prince
Idea-How to Get Power and Keep It
Rejects that morality is related to politics
Humans motivated by self-interest
Ends justify means
Marriages & Family
Family=security
Marriages arranged as early as 2/3 yrs old
Dowry
- money exchange to wife's family
Mom's supervised house/raised the children
Father in charge of children's life and finances
Dante
Writes in the spoken language or
vernacular

Author of
Divine Comedy
This text would become the basis of modern Italian language
If he had written in Latin, only scholars would have understood
Giovanni Medici
Piero Medici
Lorenzo Medici
Bank Founder
Lorenzo the Magnificent Sponsored Botticelli and Michelangelo
De facto ruler
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