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Artificial Nail Enhancements

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Gisselle Urias

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Artificial Nail Enhancements

What is the basic chemistry of salon products
Basically everything you do is based on chemistry. Knowing chemistry can help you troubleshoot & solve common salon problems that may cause your service to breakdown & problem nails for your clients. Knowing your chemical knowledge is extremely important to becoming a great nail professional. Your success depends on having an understanding of chemicals & chemistry.
Identify the 2 main categories of nail coatings
are products that cover the nail plate with a hardened film. Examples of coatings are nail polish, top coats, artificial nail enhancements, & adhesives.

Two type of coatings are...
Coatings that cure or polymerize (chemical reaction)
Coatings that harden upon evaporation (physical reaction)

Describe the basic chemistry of all artificial nail enhancements
Artificial nails are used to enhance the appearance of natural fingernails. Tips are applied to the nail plate by nail adhesives. Tip adhesive is sensitive to water and clients should be aware that wetting of the hands unnecessarily might shorten the life of the tips.

Acrylic nails are made from a mixture of a polymer powder and a liquid monomer. The mixture starts to harden after application and continues to cure to final hardness. Powder and liquid acrylics can be removed by using acetone. Using a nail file can help take off each layer of the artificial nail. Nail tips are applied before the nail enhancement & are blended into the natural nail at the seam. Overlays are normally applied to strengthen the tip of the artificial nail.

Gels may be used directly onto the natural nail without the application of a tip for protection purposes. Gels can also be used for repairing broken or split nails.

UV Gels are a fairly straight forward application but the removal is not so easy and tends to take long soaking and buffing.

As with all nail products there is a risk of allergies. They appear to be hard wearing if treated correctly regular maintenance treatments are received.
Explain adhesion & how adhesives work
is a force of nature that makes 2 surfaces stick together.
Adhesion results when the molecules on one surface are attacted to the molecules on another surface.

is a chemical that causes 2 surfaces to stick together. Adhesives allow incompatible surfaces to be joined. Without adhesive, the plastic film would not stick to paper.
Describe the overexposure principle & its application to nail care products
Paracelsus, A famous 16th century physician once said "All substances are poisons; there is none that is not a poison. Only the dose differentiates a poison & a remedy."

Basically everything in this world is toxic. Nothing is non-toxic. The overexposure principle is what Paracelsus said. It's the modern-day expression of what Paracelsus learned. This principle is important because it determines the toxicity something has but the toxicity does not make a substance automatically unsafe; instead it just means that people have to learn how to use toxic things in a safely way.
Artificial Nail Enhancements

By: Gisselle Urias
Identify supplies needed for artificial enhancements & what they are used for

Supplies for acrylic nail enhancements...
Acrylic monomer liquid
- the monomer liquid combines with polymer powder to form the sculptured nail.
Acrylic polymer powder
- comes in white, clear, natural, pink & other colors. The polymer powder is what you apply to the nail plate.
Nail dehydrator
- Nail dehydrators remove surface moisture & tiny amounts of oil left on the natural nail plate.
Nail primer
- Used to enhance adhesion of enhancements to the natural nail.
- Nail file used to pre-blend or file down nail.
Nail forms
- A nail form is placed under then free edge & used to extend the nail enhancements beyond the fingertip for additional length.
Nail tips
- Nail extensions made from ABS or tenite acetate plastic.
Nail adhesive
- Stick the nail tip onto the natural nail plate.
Identify the supplies needed for artificial enhancements & what they are used for
Supplies for nail tips...
Abrasive board
- Rough surface that is used to shape or smooth the nail & remove surface shine.
Buffer block
- An abrasive that is used to buff nails
Nail tip adhesive
- bonding agent used to secure the nail tip to the natural nail.
Nail tips
- point of contact with the nail plate.

Supplies used for nail wraps...
- Small pieces of linen, silk, or fiberglass material can be cut to fit a client's nail size & shape.
Nail tip adhesive
- Used to secure the nail tip or fabric to the natural nail.
Wrap resin
- used for application to the fabric.
- Speeds uo the curing process of resins & adhesives.
Describe the importance of preparing the nail prior to any enhancement.
Before doing any nail enhancement make sure you & your client have washed their hands thoroughly. That will prevent bacteria from spreading. Oils and other contaminants on the surface of the nail plate can block proper adhesion, and nail oils used during the process can leave residue that may prevent proper adhesion. Therefore scrubbing the nail plate with a high-quality nail cleanser before applying nail polish, enhancements, or other types of nail coatings is essential to a successful service. Excessive moisture can also create poor adhesion, which is why it is important to ensure that nail plate surfaces are dry & clean.
What are the safety precautions involving nail primers
Primers that are acid based are very corrosive to the skin & very dangerous to the eyes that's why it's important to use acid-free or nonacid primers. Even all primers should stay away from the skin because it can cause skin irritation or sensitivity.
Explain the difference between odorless acrylic products & traditional acrylics products
Traditional acrylic products have ethyl acrylic in it as in odorless acrylic products have no ethyl acrylic (methacrylate) which rely on monomers that have little odor. Even though those products are called odorless they still have a slight smell. Traditional acrylic products have a very strong smell to it. Odorless products harden more slowly as in traditional acrylics harden quickly.
List & describe the procedure steps for Nail tips
Remove polish
- start from pinky & toward the thumb.
Push back eponychium
- gently push back the eponychium.
Remove cuticle tissue
- carefully remove the cuticle tissue from the nail plate using cuticle remover.
Buff nail to remove shine
- Buff lightly over nail plate.
Size tips
- tips need to cover side wall to side wall.
Apply nail dehydrator/cleanser
- helps improve adhesion
Apply adhesive
- apply nail glue to the nail tip.
Slide on tips
- Stop, rock & hold.
Trim nail tip
- cut the nail tip with a tip cutter.
Finish blending tip
- match with the nail plate.
Shape nail
- use abrasive to shape the nail
List & describe the procedure steps for nail wraps
Remove polish
- starting from the pinky to thumb
Clean nails
- dip nails in a fingerbowl filled with warm water
Push back eponychium & remove cuticle tissue from plate
- use wooden pusher with a cotton tip & gently push back.
Remove oily shine
- lightly buff nail plate.
Apply nail dehydrator
- removes surface moisture.
Cut fabric
- cut fabric to the same width & length as the nail tip.
Apply fabric adhesive
- add a drop to the center of the nail
Apply fabric
- put the fabric 1/16 inch away from the side walls & free edge.
Trim fabric
- make sure it's 1/16 inches away from side walls & free edge.
Apply wrap resin
- draw a thin coat of resin down the center of the nail.
Apply wrap resin accelerator
- spray, brush, or drop on wrap resin accelerator.
Apply second coat of wrap resin
- spread the wrap resin
Apply second coat of wrap resin accelerator.
Shape & refine nails
- Use a medium-fine abrasive.
Buff wrap nail
- apply nail oil & buff to a high shine with a buffer.
Remove traces of oil
Apply polish
List & describe the procedure steps for acrylic nails

Clean nails & remove existing polish.
Push back eponychium & carefully remove cuticle from the nail plate.
Remove oily shine from natural nail surface.
Apply nail dehydrator.
Position nail form.
Apply nail primer
Prepare monomer liquid & polymer powder.
Dip brush in monomer liquid.
Form product bead.
Place bead of product.
Shape free edge.
Place second bead of product.
Shape second bead of product.
Apply product bead.
Apply product to remaining nails.
Remove nail forms.
Shape nail enhancements.
Buff nail enhancements.
Apply nail oil.
Apply hand cream & massage hand & arm.
Clean nail enhancements.
Apply nail polish.
List & describe the procedure steps for UV Gels
Clean nails & remove existing polish.
Push back eponychim & carefully remove cuticle from nail plate.
Remove oily shine.
Apply nail dehydrator.
Apply nail tips if desired.
Apply 1st UV gel.
Cure first UV gel.
Apply second UV gel.
Cure second UV gel.
Remove inhibition layer.
Check nail contours.
Remove dust.
Apply 3rd UV gel.
Remove inhibition layer.
Apply nail oil.
Apply polish
Full transcript