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COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE

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by

Mary Luz Castro

on 27 March 2016

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Transcript of COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE

Equality
Two things have a quality in the same amount
AS...AS

The adjective does not change:
Tenerife is
as green as
La Palma.
Classical music is
almost as boring as
opera.
Comparative & superlative
A bit more complicated. We must admit that we talk about tendencies and that there are many exceptions. Use a dictionary in case of doubt.
Comparative & superlative
Russian is
more difficult
than English.
For me, science is
more enjoyable
than maths.
My husband is
more handsome
than yours.
You're the
most irritating
person I know.
Comparative & superlative
We compare two elements.

1 syllable adjectives
- General rule: add -er/-est
A hare is
faster
than
a turtle.
- Ending in -e: add -r/-st
The plane was
later
than
expected.
- Ending in consonant + vowel + consonant: double consonant + -er/-est
Maspalomas is
hotter
than
Telde.
- Exceptions:
more fun
,
more real
,
more right
,
more wrong
.
comparison of adjectives
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE
It's
much colder
today than it was yesterday.
Our car is
bigger
than your car.
This grammar topic is
easier
than most others.
The shops are always
more crowded
just before Christmas.
Is there anything
more boring
than reading about grammar?
My sister is
more careful
with her writing than I am with mine.
That's
the most boring book
he's ever written.
That's
the most useless gadget
you can buy.

For me, going to the cinema is
more pleasant/pleasanter
than watching the film at home.
He's
the most quiet/quietest
baby I know.
Longer adjectives: more/the most + adjective
Irregular adjectives
good - better - the best
bad - worse - the worst
little - less - the least
far - further - the furthest
much/many/a lot - more - the most
We can also compare adverbs.
Adverbs formed adding -ly: more/the most.

My father
drives more slowly
than me.
We could
do this more easily
with a computer.
Of all the players, it was Mat who
planned his tactics the most carefully
.
Other adverbs: -er/the -est

Can't you
run faster
than that?
I'm
studying harder
than last course.
She
woke up later
than she had planned.
Because I
arrived earlier
, I was able to finish the project.
Melanie
jumped the highest and longest
.
I'm trying to
eat more healthily
.
Now I'm
living nearer
the office than before.
This year I've been
working the hardest
I can to get a promotion.
OTHER COMPARATIVES
The boy is
the least shy/intelligent
in class.
English is
less difficult than
Russian.
Junk food is
less healthy than
vegetables.
For me, literature is
half as hard as
physics.
Your sister is
the same age as
me.
The more
I tell her,
the less
she pays attention.
I've started to feel
lighter and lighter
as I lose weight.
However, the meaning in the
negative
changes. One thing has a quality in a greater degree than the other.

Fuerteventura
isn't as green as
La Palma.
Rock
isn't as boring as
classical music.
- Ending in -y: change-y into -i + -er/-est
I feel
happier
now than last year.
He's
the luckiest
person I know
.
- Ending in -ed, -ing, -ful, -ous, -less: more/the most + adjective.
Now I feel
more worried
than I used to.
- A few can take either -er/-est or more/the most. Here are the most common:
common - commoner/more common
narrow - narrower/more narrow
pleasant - pleasanter/more pleasant
simple - simpler/more simple
quiet - quieter/more quiet

Comparison of inferiority
One elements has a quality in less quantity than the other.
less / the least + adjective
There are other forms of comparatives that are new for you. Look at the following cases:
twice/three times, etc / half as + adjective + as
Their car was
twice as expensive as
ours.
The same as / different from
Your dress is
the same colour as
mine.
Life in a village is
different form
life in a big city.
The + comparative, the + comparative
The earlier
we set off,
the earlier
we'll arrive.
The more
you listen,
the better
you understand.
Comparative + and + comparative
The weather is getting
colder and colder
as winter approaches.

If you don't clearly remember the difference between adjectives and adverbs, watch this video:
And back to other forms of adjective comparison
You can practice repeated comparatives and double comparatives in this website.
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=8517#a

Two-syllable adjectives
Full transcript