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American Legacies

The Legacy of Cars The Legacy of Refrigeration
by

Sam Spelsberg

on 1 June 2010

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Transcript of American Legacies

American Legacies By: Sam Spelsberg Who Made The First Car? In France, 1770 Nicolas Cugnot a seemingly mad scientist had a seemingly mad idea...

Steam could be harnessed to make wheels move! Hence a steam-driven carriage. The fastest it could go was two miles per hour. But back then that was more than zero if you know what I mean.

Word was quickly spread around Europe of Nicolas's discoveries. His 'Cugnot Carriage' inspired other seemingly mad scientist into action.

Later breakthroughs led up to America's part in all this. In 1878 an American engineer created the only successful two stroke engine on a self-propelled vehicle. He changed transportation as america knew it.
In 1895 the inverted gasoline run engine was created. There were other attempts but none as successful.

CARS
a Northern American legacy Notice giant water boiler to make steam What Set The American Cars Apart From Others? The American cars were the first of their kind. The model T was the American car that changed the game(game here meaning money making race of all the car factories).

Produced in 1908 it was the first car model to successfully harness the inverted gasoline run engine on any form of vehicle. It was the most efficent car ever. But now there are much better cars What I meant by it was the best car ever it WAS the best car ever not now.

Getting back to subject more than 15 million model Ts were sold to american citizens. More than any other car of the era. Before the model T cars weren't really anything worth having. They were slow and horses could canter faster. Few cars ever made a production line. Who would waste money? The model T was faster and more efficent in every way. The model T was redone again and again evolving in to what we now know as the car. The Model T Who Made The Model T?
And How did it Change America? Ford. Debatively the most successful car company in america, formed in early 1903 Ford had created many production lines. Models A, B, C, D, E had all been on the market. None grossing too much. The other models all had more than one liability. Hence not to many people lining up for one of the cars. I have a quote from; http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BUE/is_9_140/ai_n24265445/rd. "In a secret back room on the third floor, Henry Ford, who by then had been building cars for several years, drew up plans for a new one. While he had already produced models he named, simply, for letters of the alphabet--B, C, E K, etc.--it was the Model T that would change everything".

Lightweight but sturdy, the model T was the first affordable car. Mass produced along an assembly line, it spurred the growth of the auto industry and led the way to the start of mass production for industries. The model started at the price of $800 USD ($18,000 in 2008 dollars), out of reach for most Americans. the price lowered to $260 as Ford created the moving assembly line. The car moves on a conveor belt from one worker to the next each adding a piece. Ford could assemble a car in 15 minutes! They changed how cars were, would be, and are assembled. "If there's anything about Henry Ford that we could call genius, it was that he could imagine millions of people buying his automobile and driving it," said Charles Hyde. "The transportation problem is gradually being simplified by the practical use of the motor vehicle," The Times reported. According to the article, one man who looked over the exhibit of new vehicles said, "'The poor faithful old horse hasn't a chance in the world any more.'"
New PAVED roads were made for cars and land was cleared for the new paths. Who Made The First Refrigeration Machine? The Chinese cut and stored ice, Egyptians and Indians made ice on cold nights by setting water out in earthenware pots. With the discovery that if game was kept warm it would last longer both used the ice to cool meat and food.
Schematic of Gorrie's 1841 ice machine America's part in this you ask? An American inventor made designs for a simple minded yet elegant compressed ether(ether is a volatile, highly flammable liquid, C2H5OC2H5, derived from the distillation of ethyl alcohol with sulfuric acid) machine. His name? Oliver Evans.
His machine was never created. About a year later Jacob Perkins used Evan's main idea but made a few modifacations, and it was a success! The world's first refrigerator was built! In 1834 he signed a patent for the very first vapor based fridge. John Gorrie, an American doctor from Florida, invented the first mechanical refrigeration unit in 1841, based on Evans' original invention to make ice in order to cool the air for yellow fever patients. Gorrie's mechanical refrigeration unit was issued a patent in 1855. In 1913, refrigerators for home and domestic use were invented by Fred W. Wolf of Fort Wayne, Indiana with models consisting of a unit that was mounted on top of an ice box. A self-contained refrigerator, with a compressor on the bottom of the cabinet was invented by Alfred Mellowes in 1916. Mellowes produced this refrigerator commercially but was bought out by William C. Durant in 1918, who started the Frigidaire Company in order to begin the first mass-production of refrigerators. BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://en.wikipedia.org/
http://www.ideafinder.com/
http://www.allisons.org/
http://findarticles.com/
http://www.loc.gov/


America's Part? Refrigeration
An American Legacy The model t the assembly line Jacob Perkins Ice Machine
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